Pakistan Ordinance Factory


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Pakistan Ordinance Factory

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  2. 2. Pakistan Ordinance Factory History: In the time of partition the 16 ordinance factories of British India were in the location of present India. Pakistan first Prime Minister Liaquat Ali khan issued a directive within four months of the creation of Pakistan to establish an ordnance factory in collaboration with British Royal Ordinance. Pakistan's second Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin took part in the opening ceremony of the first four POF workshops in the small town of Wah. Introduction: Pakistan ordinance factory found in 1951 with the objective of producing arms for the armed forces of Pakistan. POF was established in 1951. Pakistan Ordnance Factories is the largest defence industrial complex in Pakistan. Pakistan Ordnance Factories or POF is a defence industrial complex producing conventional arms and ammunition in Pakistan under the Ministry of Defence Production. POF is a government organization operating under the Defence Production Division in Pakistan’s Ministry of Defence. The Pakistan Ordnance Factories is a complex of arms and ammunition manufacturing factories provided the weapons and ammunitions to the Pakistan Army and all their foreign clients. However, since POF can not produce the complete inventory of the Pakistani Army's armament needs, a high content of the Armed Force requirements are imported. More than 50 years of continuous growth and development POF is a sprawling industrial complex of the following 14 Factories and 7 subsidiaries: Factories 1 Weapons Factory 2 Bombs & Grenades Factory 3 Tungsten Carbide Factory 4 Machine Gun Factory 5 Filling Factory 6Propellants Factory 7 Heavy Artillery Ammo Factory 8 Small Arms Ammo Factory 9 Brass Mill 10 Tungsten Alloy Factory 11 Tank Amrno Factory Page6 12 Explosives Factory 13 Medium Artillery Ammo Factory 14 Clothing Factory
  3. 3. Subsidiaries 1 Wah industries Ltd. 2 Wah Nobel (Pvt) Ltd. 3 Wah Nobel Chemicals Ltd. 4 Wah Nobel Detonators Ltd. 5 Wah Nobel Acetate Ltd. 6 Attock Chemicals (Pvt) Ltd. 7 Hi-Tech Plastic (Pvt) Ltd. The two main subsidiaries namely Wah Industries Ltd and Wah Nobel Ltd. were established to utilize spare capacities of Factories for commercial applications but later on Hi-Tech Plastics Ltd, Wah Nobel Chemical Ltd, Wah Nobel Detonators Ltd and Attock Chemicals Ltd were set up to meet the requirement of civil market. These subsidiaries are earning significant profits annually thus adding to the national wealth. POF produce approximately 70 major products for supply of Army, Navy and Air Force. Apart from raw materials, all other inputs needed for the manufacture of arms and ammunition such as brass, gilding metal and clad steel, steel products, carbide and tungsten alloy products, fuzes, rocket and artillery propellants, all types of explosives are produced in POF. Modernization. The past 50 years have seen a breathtaking expansion and modernization. POF which started with the manufacture of 303 rifles and its ammunition with an old plant of world war II vintage, has since moved into the era of state of the art technology, computer aided design and computer aided manufacture. POF were confined mostly to the traditional products in the first 15 to 20 years but after passing through different phases of expansion, diversification and consolidation, POF has come of age by taking a quantum jump to the modern state of art manufacturing technology During the last ten years or so POF has emerged as an armament manufacturer of international repute. POF is alive to the the emerging technologies in armament production and interacts with the world renowned manufacturers and R&D establishments at different forums to keep itself abreast of the latest developments. Exports. POF's participation in various International defence exhibitions and its effective marketing strategy has earned it an international recognition. POF Page6 has been at one time or the other exporting arms and ammunition to 30 countries around the globe. During the last three years, POF recorded high exports of arms & ammo and was awarded the FPCCI trophy for exports.
  4. 4. Military delegations and heads of States of various countries have been visiting POF and taking with them an ever-lasting impression of the wide range of products and their excellent quality. POF produce approximately 70 major products for supply of Army, Navy and Air Force. The main products include automatic rifle; light medium and heavy machine guns, complete range of mortar and artillery ammunitions, aircraft ammunition and anti- aircraft ammunitions, tank ammunition and anti-tank ammunitions, bombs, grenades, land mines, pyrotechnics and signal stores etc. Starting form raw materials, all other inputs needed for the manufacture of arms and ammunition such as brass, gilding metal clad steel, steel products carbide and tungsten alloy products all types of gun, rocket and artillery propellants, and all types of explosives are produced in POF. POF COLLABORATION WITH OTHER COUNTRIES POF is a group of fourteen factories that produce automatic rifles, machine guns, mortar and artillery ammunition, air-craft and anti-aircraft ammunition, tank and anti-tank ammunition, bombs, grenades, military pyrotechnics and landmines. Part of POF's strategy is to manufacture weaponry in collaboration with companies from other countries. It reports such collaboration with Royal Ordnance Factories of the UK, Rheinmetal of Germany, 'many' with China and Czechoslovakia and 'an excellent joint venture' with SAAB for the production of commercial explosives. It produces assault rifles, sub-machine guns and pistols under licence from Heckler & Koch. POF PROJECTS The country now boasts a powerful industrial, technological and research-based developing and manufacturing sector for its armed forces and exports a wide variety of small and large weapons ranging from modern fighter jets, battle tanks, armored vehicles, frigates and submarines to unmanned aerial vehicles and high tech firearms and personal grenade launchers for urban combat. Some of these items were on display at IDEAS 2008. Pakistan has become an increasingly important player in the world arms industry, a global industry and business which manufactures and sells weapons and military technology and equipment. Arms production companies, also referred to as Defense Contractors, produce arms mainly for the armed forces of nation states. Products include guns, ammunition, missiles, military aircraft, military vehicles, ships, electronic Systems, and more. The arms industry also conducts significant research and development. Pakistan's major defense manufacturing companies are owned and operated by Pakistan's military. Page6 According to Business Monitor, Pakistan's defense industry contains over 20 major public sector units (PSUs) and over 100 private-sector firms. The majority of major
  5. 5. weapons systems production and assembly is undertaken by the state-owned PSUs, while the private-sector supplies parts, components, bladed weapons and field equipment. Major PSUs include the Pakistan Ordnance Factory (POF), Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT), Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works (KSEW) and the Pakistan Machine Tool Factory. Multinational presence in Pakistan is limited, although joint production or engineering support in the development of certain armaments has recently occurred with companies such as DCN International and the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group. JF-17 Jointly developed by Paksiatn and China IDEAS 2000, Pakistan's first major arms show, was organized after former President Musharraf assumed leadership of the country in the wake of the 1999 bloodless coup that toppled the Nawaz Sharif government. At the show, the former president emphasized the need for the growth of Pakistan's defense industry and private sector involvement in R&D, manufacturing and marketing of arms. Held every two years since the year 2000, the show has become a runaway success. It has helped Pakistan and other friendly nations to show off their wares, find customers, share knowledge, build bilateral partnerships, encourage scientific innovation and learning among young people and made visitors and Pakistani citizens more aware of the role the defense industry plays in national defense and economy. World Arms Market It is estimated that yearly, over USD 1 trillion are spent on military expenditures worldwide (2% of World GDP). Part of this goes to the procurement of military hardware and services from the military industry. The combined arms sales of the top 100 largest arms producing companies amounted to an estimated USD 315 billion in 2006. In 2004 over USD 30 billion were spent in the international arms trade (excluding domestic arms sales). Many industrialized countries have a domestic arms industry to supply their own military forces. Some countries also have a substantial legal or illegal domestic trade in weapons for use by its citizens. The illegal trade in small arms is prevalent in many countries and regions affected by political instability. Pakistan's Arms Business In a July 2008 interview with Pakistan's Dawn newspaper, Major General Mohammad Farooq, Director General of the Defense Export Promotion Organization, claimed that Page6 Pakistan's defense exports have tripled to around USD 300 million because of the quality of its ammunition, anti-tank guided missiles, rocket launchers and shoulder- fired surface-to-air missiles. He said exports to South Asian, Middle Eastern and
  6. 6. African countries had increased significantly. It has been reported that Sri Lanka has purchased cluster bombs, deep penetration bombs and rockets and UAVs from Pakistan. Page6
  7. 7. Pakistan has been eager to boost its capabilities for high-tech aerial warfare and restructure and reorient its military to respond to the new and emerging challenges of combating insurgents. A number of public and private sector companies have been engaged in research, development and manufacturing of unmanned aerial vehicles as a part of this initiative. The public sector companies include Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, Air Weapons Complex and National Development Complex. Flamingo - Satuma Pakistan This growing interest by Pakistani military and also foreign companies and governments has helped spawn several private Pakistani UAV companies specializing in air-frames, launch and propulsion, flight control, tele-command and control systems, signal intelligence, training simulators, etc. In addition to Integrated Dynamics mentioned earlier, other private companies involved in UAV development and manufacturing include, East-West Infinity, Satuma and Global Industrial Defense Mukhbar- Satuma Pakistan Solutions. Uqaab - Air Weapons Complex Defence Production of Pakistan Pakistan’s defence industry began with limited ordnance production facilities, basically leftover of the British Colonial authorities. At the time of independence, there was hardly any industrial defence base in Pakistan. Pakistan defence industry started from scratch. It has taken a series of significant moves to develop some key areas to become self sufficient in defence production. This includes the creation of defence production division in 1972, later the establishment of defence export promotion organization. In 2004, the division of defence Production has been given a status of full Ministry. Page6
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