Ap Art History Project Unfinisheddd
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Ap Art History Project Unfinisheddd

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AP Art History project - Pre-Columbian Art.

AP Art History project - Pre-Columbian Art.

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Ap Art History Project Unfinisheddd Ap Art History Project Unfinisheddd Presentation Transcript

  • Pre-Columbian Art
    • Group :
    • Kat
    • Joanna
    • Mandy
    • Eu Jiang
    • Melissa
  • In general…
    • Pre-Columbian art refers to the time in the Americans prior to the arrival of the European colonizers in the 16 th Century.
    • Pre-Columbian art thrived from 1800 BC to AD 1500 .
    • Certain characteristics repeated throughout the region: angular, linear patterns, and three-dimensional ceramics.
  •  
  • Mesoamerica and Central America
    • Cultures generally divided into three periods:
      • Pre-Classic (up to 200 AD)
      • Classic ( about 200 AD to 900 AD)
      • Post-Classic (about 900 AD to 1580)
  • Pre-Classic period (up to 200 AD)
    • The most dominant civilization of this period was the Olmecs, which flourished from 1200 AD to 400 BC.
    • The  Olmec  lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in what are roughly the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco.
    • Most of Olmec art is naturalistic (most notably ‘The Wrestler’)
  • The Olmecs created heavy-featured, colossal heads, up to 2 meters (8 ft) high. The heads were carved from single blocks or boulders of volcanic basalt, found in the Tuxtlas Mountains.
    • Photo of Olmec Head number 6 from San Lorenzo
  • The twisted arms give the statue a sense of movement. Some believe that this is a shaman rather than a wrestler. Many researchers consider it an early work, dated as early as 1200 BCE. However, others consign it belonging to a period closer to 400 BCE, the end of the Olmec culture.
    • A famous work from the Olmec culture, “The Wrestler”
  • Classic Period (about 200 AD – 900 AD)
    • The most dominant culture of this period was the Maya ns.
    • Practiced their own forms of hieroglyphic writing and astronomy. Mayan art consequently focuses on rain, agriculture, and fertility.
    • Usage of relief and surface decoration, as well as some sculpture. 
    • Glyphs and stylized figures were used to decorate architecture such as the pyramid temple of Chichén Itzá. Murals dating from about AD 750.
  • CHICHÉN ITZÁ
    • Chichen Itza was a major regional focal point in the northern Maya lowlands. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, from what is called “Mexicanized” and reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the  Puuc  style found among the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands.
  • RELIEF OF SHIELD JAGUAR AND LADY XOC
    • One of the Yaxchilan Lintels.
    • The text of Maya hieroglyphics indicates that the scene depicted is a bloodletting ritual that took place.
    • The ruler, Shield Jaguar, holds a torch while his consort, Lady Xoc, pulls a rope studded with what are now believed to be obsidian shards through her tongue in order to conjure a vision serpent.
  • VESSEL WITH MYTHOLOGICAL SCENE
    • A monochrome painting or drawing: called the " codex style ," because of its similarity to that of the few Pre-Columbian Maya books, or codices , that exist today. 
    • Depicts dancing figure holding a long-handled axe and a raised hand stone. In front of him on a monster-head altar lies a deity figure known today as Baby Jaguar.
    • While the scene has been interpreted as one of sacrifice, another interpretation holds that it is one of celebration.
  • Post-Classic Period (about 900 AD to 1580)
    • 10 th - 12 th Centuries
    • Dominant cultures: Toltec , Mixtec , and Aztec
    • The Post-Classic Period was marked by the apparent breakup of the old Classic Period cultures, with their distinctive art and architectural styles.
    • During the Post-Classic Period, fortifications and warlike themes begin to show a more militaristic attitude.
  • TOLTECS
    • “ The Atlantes” - columns in the form of Toltec warriors in Tula.
  •