WORLD WAR I TO ENTER OR NOT TO ENTER? Case 1 Case 2 View conclusion after visiting cases Reem, Becky, Amanda, Micah
Case 1 WHY THE UNITED STATES DID NOT WANT TO GO TO WAR
Many occasions occurred throughout the United States history which tested the country as a whole. This was the case during the years of tension during WWI. Decisions were forced to be made which separated the country, including the topic of neutrality during the early years of war. The United States dedication to neutrality, economic involvement, and the awful killings endured show the importance of staying neutral in the war. Choosing this route of neutrality not only secures the safety of the country but improves its standings on the world scene overall.
I am a banker living here in the United States. We the United States have huge investments with the British and the French. If they do not exceed in the war, then they would not be able pay their debt to us back. It amounts to about two billion dollars while Germany only borrowed a mere 27 million from us. If our allies could not pay back all of the loans we let them borrow. We being the American bankers, it is our job that we make sure that the economy does not collapse. I am very concerned because this war might bring our country down. France and Britain were financing the war with our loans. In addition they were buying massive amounts of arms from my country on credit. We wanted to make sure that we got it all paid back, which is a reason why we did not want to get ourselves involved in the war and all the chaos. Also, the size of the Army had drastically expanded, the demands on the economy became obvious, although the means to satisfy them did not, we still needed to supply them with food, clothing, guns and ammunition, places to train, and the means of transportation. We were economically not ready to enter war.
Everyday I hear of the millions who have been killed and can only imagine the pain I would feel if my young son would enter into this brutal war. These senseless killings I hear about only strengthens my support of our neutrality. Just yesterday I read in the newspaper a chilling article about a young man of no more than 19 who was killed in an attack using chemicals that I have never heard of. To think that people are being murdered in such a horrific manner is overwhelming to think about. Innocent lives are being taken away everyday by constant bombings and vicious attacks using these poisonous gases. Imagining a beloved one out on those fields enduring the horrible living conditions, lack of supplies, and regular bombing sends a tear through my heart. I pray that our country stays on its track but live in fear of the possibility of war for the men, children, and wives of this country.
As president of the United States it is in my and the countries best interest to stay out of any impending wars. Within this dedication to our countries neutrality, we can insure our national security and improve our relations with all nations. My opinions may enforce my "man of peace" persona which I could credit my Father with, who was a Presbyterian minister. I believe that as the strong country we have the opportunity to make a difference and help mediate any global issues that come forth. These beliefs and this neutrality is something that has led to my reelection in 1916. Hopefully these powerful nations will respect and honor our decisions. I have made no promises but am willing and ready to do anything to make sure this will not be compromised.
Several reasons led to America finally joining World War I. Woodrow Wilson wanted to follow through with his policy of neutrality, but after certain events he had to take action. Some of those reasons included the Zimmerman Telegram and the sinking of the Lusitania. Numerous Americans died on the Lusitania and Wilson was not going to take it. The Zimmerman Telegram hit another of Wilson's nerves. Even though its intention was to get Mexico to go into war against the U.S., it backfired and was one of the main reasons the U.S. joined "the great war".
It was supposed to be another ordinary day. I was on the Lusitania and on my way to Ireland. I remember the date exactly; it was May 1, 1915. The Lusitania was one of the fastest ships and I felt extremely relaxed on it. It was a long journey ahead, but I had no worries and no idea of what was lying ahead in the future. On the 7th of May as the ship was nearing Ireland, at exactly 2:10 pm a torpedo was fired into the Lusitania. The German submarine U 20 had fired it at the side of the ship. Before we knew it there was another explosion and it ripped the liner apart. Everyone was terrified and had no idea what was happening. The torpedo was so bad that the lifeboats were crashing into the passengers aboard on the deck. I was one of the very few people who were able to survive this horrible tragedy. After only 18 minutes the ship was completely under the sea. 1,119 out of 1,924 people died and 114 of those people were Americans. I thank God every night that I was one of the lucky ones to survive.
We had to be smart about this war, that they were determined to drag us into. On February 1st it was our intention of beginning the submarine warfare, because our goal was to keep the United States neutral. We had to think a head by proposing an alliance with Mexico, we vowed to be covenant brothers lending a helping hand when needed, by helping Mexico for one regain lost territory. Mexico responded by assigning a general to assess the feasibility of a Mexican takeover for their formal territories. Darn those Germans! They intercepted my telegraph and tried to pull my country into this war.
PHOTO OF ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAPH
CASE 2 LUSITANIA WILSON PRO-WAR HOME
Zimmerman Telegram Telegram Decoded CASE 2 LUSITANIA WILSON PRO-WAR TELEGRAM HOME
I had a big election coming up and I had to keep our country safe, by staying neutral we could maintain our status to our brother countries. Entering the war would cause a great abrupt between us and our fellow countries. I believe that staying neutral would have brought even more peace between us and other parts of the world. Even though we had strong bonds with Britain, I felt like it was my responsibility to protect those in our country from the fueling war. I couldn't let the people down, by making all of these great changes, such as: prohibiting the child labor law, limited working hours for railroad workers, and many other accomplishments. Plus, I had much support to carry out the isolationist policy.