VOLLEYBALL SERVING TECHNIQUE
In order to begin the serve we first start with your feet
positioning. Right handers place your right foot behind your left
foot so your Right foot is perpendicular to your Left. Your left
foot should be pointed Exactly in the direction of where you want
Upper Body - Left Arm
Extend your Left arm straight out in front of your palm facing up.
Place ball in the palm of this hand.
The toss is one of the most important elements of the serve.
Make sure the starting position for your Left arm is straight out in
front of you - not down by your waist. With a straight Left arm
Toss the ball no more than 2 feet in the air.
For practice, while learning, let the ball fall to the ground. A
correctly tossed ball will land about 10-12 inches - Every Time.
Your toss should be the same EVERY TIME. Two feet up in the air
and 10 inches in front of your LEFT foot.
Right arm is fully extended with fingertips and palm facing
downward lightly covering the top of the ball. After the toss - you
step forward shifting your body weight from back foot to front
meet the ball. At this moment you begin your arm swing
Types of Volleyball Serving
Floaters Float serves are tough to pass because the ball dances in the air
making it tough to judge where exactly the ball is going. This floating volleyball
movement can also make it difficult for the server to keep the ball in the court.
Top spin A top spin can be tough to pass because the ball will drop much faster
than a float serve.
Top spin serves are especially effective in the women's game. In girls high school
and club volleyball, most players don't serve with top spin. With fewer players
serving with top spin, there will be fewer passers comfortable passing it because
they hardly ever see it. The top spin serve can be a very effective weapon
because it's much easier to learn and execute than the floater.
On the flip side, a player can shank passes over and over again and develop the
mind set they can't pass.
Same situation with a hitter that continually puts the ball away or repeatedly gets
In my opinion, the easiest way to knock a team out of rhythm and keep the
momentum of the game going your way is with tough serving.
Things to look for...
* How tall are the passers? Short players have a tough time passing deep
servers. Taller players usually don't like to be served short.
* How well does the passer move to pass? Watch for how well a player passes
when moving to the left or to the right. Many players are stronger passing when
moving to one side compared to the other.
* How well does the passer pass the deep serve? Many passers have become
comfortable using their hands to overhead pass the deep serve. Other players
only try to pass this ball with their forearms. It can be much more difficult to get in
position and pass the deep ball with the forearms, especially for shorter players.
Often the best hitter on the team is also one of the best passers. Look to see
if a hitter is lined up to help serve receive. You can use this to your advantage by
serving them deep pushing them out of the offensive system.
* How well does the passer pass the short serve? You will often discover
players not wanting to forearm pass and take every ball with their hands. Serve
players that like to take the serve with their hands short, forcing them to forearm
pass the ball.
Notice if any front row players have backed up to help out with serve receive.
You can place your serves in the area of the court that forces the front row player
to pass. Forcing front row players to pass can disrupt a teams offense because
the front row player will then need to hit after they pass the ball.
Is Serving Zones Really the Best Strategy?
Typically, the court is divided up in to zones, 1 through 6.
volleyball court diagram
Zone 1 is Right Back, zone 2 is Right Front, zone 3 is Middle Front, zone 4 is Left
Front, zone 5 is Left Back, and zone 6 is Middle Back.
When first learning how to play volleyball, it's good to have your players practice
serving accuracy by trying to serve zones.
However, for more advanced volleyball players, I don’t like the term “court zones”
when talking about where to serve. Players need to learn to serve making
passers move, disrupting the opponent's offense. This should be done not by
serving zones, but by making players move the way you want them to. Instead of
just hoping your opposition has a hard time pass
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Start in a defensive position lined up around the block. Know what
area your blockers are going to take up (line or angle).
The basics of volleyball techniques for digging...
* Be up on your toes and on the balls of your feet, not on your
* Be ready to get in a stable position to dig a hard driven ball.
* Be ready to move to run down a shot or tip.
* Arms are bent and in front of you ready to react to dig a ball with
your forearms or to play a ball overhead.
* Eyes are focused on the hitter watching for any hint as to what they
are going to do.
Volleyball techniques for setting consists of the following steps…
1. volleyball techniques setting Get to the target. The second ball is
always the setters. Seeing as though they know this ahead of time,
setters should be lined up properly and ready to move to the target.
2. Be ready to move from the target. If possible, take your first step
directly to where the ball is being passed.
The better judgment the setter has, the better job they will do in
moving straight to where the ball is going.
If they leave too early or they make a bad judgment, they’ll step in
the wrong direction and not make it there as quickly.
3. Beat the ball to the spot. Setters should try anticipating where the
ball is going to be passed. By paying attention to how tough the serve
is and watching the way their passer is handling the ball, they may get
a good read on the pass.
4. Stop and set. Everything done up until now dictates how well the
setter is able to stop and set.