ACT I Act I starts with the three witches saying, “fair is foul and foul is fair,” which is a paradox implying the essential theme of the play.
ACT I At the same time, Scotland is fighting a war. Macbeth, the main character of the play, who is brave and ambitious. Even though the King of Norway brought more soldiers and supplies against Macbeth, finally the Norwegian King surrenders. Duncan, the king of Scotland, decides to make him the Thane of Cawdor.
ACT I The three witches meets Macbeth and Banquo. The witches’ prophecies for Macbeth are about how he will become the Thane of Cawdor and later become the King of Scotland. This foreshadows what will happen later on and how these fortunes will affect Macbeth.
ACT I Macbeth is shocked about the predictions. In contrast to Macbeth, Banquo seems not to care about the predictions and he is happy for Macbeth’s success. Later, Macbeth receives the Thane of Cawdor and he tells his wife, Lady Macbeth, about the prophecies that the witches had told him.
ACT I Duncan is going to stay at Macbeth’s house for a night. Lady Macbeth comes up with a plan to kill King Duncan and encourage Macbeth to follow her plan.
ACT II Lady Macbeth and Macbeth’s own vision pushes Macbeth to act, he eventually kills Duncan. At this time, he still feels regret because he should be loyal to his noble King, Duncan. However, Lady Macbeth does not want the plan to be a failure, so she finishes the rest by herself.
ACT II The next morning, Macduff finds Duncan’s body. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth act very shocked to defer suspicion that they behind the murders. The guards are falsely accused of being the primary suspects and Macbeth kills them.
ACT II Duncan’s sons, Malcolm and Donalbain feel that their lives might well be threatened so they quickly flee the castle, leaving no heir to Duncan. So it’s obvious that Macbeth is the next king.
ACT III Banquo thinks that Macbeth is the one who killed Duncan, so Macbeth sends out hired killers to kill Banquo and his son, Fleance. In the end, Banquo is killed but Fleance manages to escape.
ACT III Macbeth organizes a banquet and invites many lords. At the Banquet, Macbeth sees Banquo’s ghost and reacts very strangely. Lady Macbeth tries to cover up for Macbeth, but the guests obviously feels the unease.
ACT III Finally, we know that Macduff is not at the Banquet. This is because he thinks it is Macbeth, the one who killed Duncan as well, and he goes to England to get help.