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  1. 1. Identifying factors associated with mental stress among new immigrants in New Zealand LILI WANG (0304688)
  2. 2. Why this topic? 1. Universality of this issue 2. Seriousness of risk 3. Personal experience
  3. 3. Universality of this issue  The problem of mental stress among immigrants is becoming more serious while migration has become an increasingly global phenomenon.  Government report shows in 2005 one fifth of New Zealanders were born overseas (Department of Labour, 2005)
  4. 4. Universality of this issue  Some immigrants achieve their positive aims, whereas others suffer from considerable mental stress to adjust for new environment (Francis, Chapman, Hoare and Mills, 2008)
  5. 5. Seriousness of risk  adverse effects on individuals, families of immigrants and host society  Individuals: prolonged mental stress has negative repercussions for physical health.  Families: caregivers with mental stress contribute to immigrants’ family violence. Previous research found that about a third of both killers and victims of couple- related homicides between 2002 and 2006 in New Zealand were born overseas (Ministry of Social Development, 2010; Thomas, 1995).  host society: more public healthcare expenditures and intense relationships between immigrants and local population (Ben-Sira, 1997; Patiño & Kirchner, 2009).
  6. 6. My research question  What are the associated factors of mental stress among the different age groups of immigrants who have been in New Zealand less than 3 years?  Pederson (1995) has described that immigrants who have been in the new country less than 3 years are mostly suffering from the mental stress.  Different age groups of immigrants have different major stressor. For example, teenager immigrants are more likely to suffer from acculturative stressor while most of adult immigrants are suffering economical stressors.
  7. 7. Research design and methods  My research question led to a deductive inquiry. As the aim of the quantitative study, the non- experimental descriptive research was chosen as the theoretical basis for the research. the aim of this research is to determine the different stressors among different age groups of new immigrants without otherwise intervening. Therefore, a questionnaire will be designed for a survey.
  8. 8. study proposes to analyse the data  The participants will be recruited through four community mental health service centres around Auckland.  If the client is an immigrant and the length of stay in New Zealand is less than 3 years, the researcher will introduce this survey to him/her. The age of the participants must over 18 years old. The participants will take a survey with a questionnaire in a private location within the services centre after signing an informed consent form.
  9. 9. study proposes to analyse the data  Questionnaire  numerous stressors will be divided into three groups, namely economic, social and cultural factors.  For instance, there are five main stressors for new immigrants in economic status: difficulty to find a job, low payment, pressure of housing, poor education background, and no local work experience  Participants will choose a number from 0 to 10 to rate these five possible stressors. Zero means no trouble with this stressor, number 10 indicates the most severe stress the participants can imagine.  Maybe some participants feel have other stressors which is not listed, so the option of “others” will be given in every category, then participants can write and rate new stressors they think they have.
  10. 10. analyse the data  The researchers will summarise and organise the collected data every month.  Stratified sampling method (Babbie, 2008) will be used. This means all the samples will be divided into three groups according to their age, 18to 21, over 21 to 65, and over 65.  Then the researchers will calculate the rate of every stressor in every age group. The average rate of every stressor would be different among the three age groups.
  11. 11. implications for professional/discipline practice  By identifying the different stressors in the different age groups of new immigrants in New Zealand, the mental health caregiver can get a thorough understanding of difference of mental health problems among different age groups of new immigrants. Therefore, it will help caregivers to make further plans by using different strategies to different groups.
  12. 12. References  Babbie, E. (2008). The basics of social research (4th ed.). Belmont, Canada: Thomson Wadsworth.  Ben-Sira, Z. (1997). Immigration, stress, and readjustment. London, British: Greenwood Press.  Department of Labour. (2005). Migration trends 2005-2006. Retrieved from http://www.dol.govt.nz/publications/research/migration trends/index.asp  Francis, K., Chapman, Y., Hoare, K., & Mills, J. (2008). Australia & New Zealand community as partner: Theory and practice in nursing. New South Wales, Australia: Lippincott, Williams Wilkins Pty Ltd.  Patiño, C., & Kirchner, T. (2009). Stress and psychopathology in Latin-American immigrants: The role of coping strategies. Psychopathology, 43(1), 17-18. DOI: 10.1159/000255959  Pederson, P. (1995). The five stages of culture shock: Critical incidents around the world. London, British: Greenwood Press.  Thomas, N. T. (1995). Acculturative stress in the adjustment of immigrant families. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 4(2), 131-142. DOI: 10.1007/BF02094613