Chameleons And Codas Ss

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  • 1. Chameleons and Codas Unit 9
  • 2. fringe
    • bangs (Am E)
    • on the fringes (of something)
    • a) not completely belonging to or accepted by a group of people who share the same job, activities etc:
    • a small group on the fringes of the art world
    • b) also on the fringe at the part of something that is farthest from the centre [= on the edge of something]:
    • Nina remained on the fringe of the crowd.
  • 3. hearing
    • 1 [u] the sense which you use to hear sounds
      • She has remarkable hearing for a lady of her age.
      • a child with a hearing disability
    • 2 [c] a meeting of a court or special committee to find out the facts about a case:
      • a court hearing
    • 3 [countable usually singular] an opportunity for someone to explain their actions, ideas, or opinions:
      • Let's give both sides a fair hearing.
    • hearing-aid n. hearing-impaired adj.
  • 4. deaf
    • She's deaf and dumb (=unable to hear or speak) and communicates using sign language.
    • stone deaf adj.: completely unable to hear
    • I think Mum's going a bit deaf.
    • be deaf to something literary to be unwilling to hear or listen to something: (be blind to sth.)
      • She was deaf to his pleas.
    • turn a deaf ear (to something): to be unwilling to listen to what someone is saying or asking: ( turn a blind eye )
      • The factory owners turned a deaf ear to the demands of the workers.
    • fall on deaf ears : if advice or a warning falls on deaf ears, everyone ignores it
    • She was struck dumb with terror.
  • 5. license / licence
    • the freedom or opportunity to behave in a way that is wrong or immoral
      • licence to do something
      • Police say it gives youngsters licence to break the law.
    • freedom to do or say what you think is best:
      • Headteachers should be allowed greater licence in the exercise of their power.
    • driving license/driver’s license, grant/issue a license, a license to do sth., do sth. without a license
  • 6. oblivious
    • not knowing about or not noticing something that is happening around you [= unaware]
      • oblivious of/to
      • He seemed oblivious to the fact that he had hurt her.
      • seemingly/apparently oblivious
      • Congress was seemingly oblivious to these events.
    • obliviousness noun [u]
  • 7. squabble
    • to argue about something unimportant [= quarrel]
    • squabble over/about
    • The kids always squabble about who should do the dishes..
    • squabble with
    • He's squabbling with the referee.
    • synonyms: fight, quarrel, have a row British English
    • to argue about unimportant things: squabble, bicker, quibble
    • to stop arguing: bury the hatchet (a small axe), settle your differences, make your peace with somebody, make it up
  • 8. vital
    • similar words: main, key, chief, principal, leading, vital, crucial, essential, significant, pivotal
    • not important: unimportant, trivial, minor, irrelevant, insignificant
  • 9. or else
    • used to say what another possibility might be:
      • The salesman will reduce the price or else include free insurance.
    • used to threaten someone:
      • Hand over the money, or else!
    • used to say that there will be a bad result if someone does not do something:
      • Hurry up or else we'll miss the train.
  • 10. falter
    • to become weaker and unable to continue in an effective way:
      • The economy is showing signs of faltering.
    • to speak in a voice that sounds weak and uncertain, and keeps stopping:
      • Laurie's voice faltered as she tried to thank him.
    • to become less certain and determined that you want to do something:
      • We must not falter in our resolve.
    • to stop walking or to walk in an unsteady way because you suddenly feel weak or afraid:
      • She faltered for a moment.
  • 11. flutter
    • if a bird or insect flutters, or if it flutters its wings, it flies by moving its wings lightly up and down:
      • A small bird fluttered past the window.
    • to make small gentle movements in the air:
      • Dead leaves fluttered slowly to the ground.
      • The flag fluttered in the light breeze. flutter
    • if your eyelids flutter, they move slightly when you are asleep:
      • Her eyelids fluttered but did not open.
    • flutter your eyelashes (at somebody) if a woman flutters her eyelashes at a man, she looks at him and moves her eyes to make herself attractive to him
  • 12. scowl
    • His wife scowled when he came home late again.
    • I wonder why he is wearing an angry scowl.
  • 13. enlightened
    • someone with enlightened attitudes has sensible, modern views and treats people fairly and kindly
      • enlightened attitude/approach etc
      • 'Empowerment' is the new buzz-word in enlightened management circles.
    • showing a good understanding or knowledge of something:
      • We don't actually know, but I can make an enlightened guess.
  • 14. back off
    • to stop telling someone what to do, or stop criticizing them, especially so that they can deal with something themselves:
      • I think you should back off for a while.
      • Back off, Marc! Let me run my own life!
  • 15. saddle somebody with something
    • to make someone have a job or problem that is difficult or boring and that they do not want:
      • I've been saddled with organizing the whole party!
      • Many farms were saddled with debts.
  • 16. stride
    • strode, stridden (to walk quickly with long steps)
    • stroll in a relaxed way for pleasure
    • wander with no aim or direction
    • stride in a confident or angry way
    • march soldiers
    • hike for long distances in the countryside or the mountains
    • tiptoe very quietly
    • wade through water
    • stagger in an unsteady way because you are drunk or injured
    • limp with difficulty because one leg is painful or injured
  • 17. bowl over
    • to completely surprise someone
      • The news bowled me over.
      • I was totally bowled over by the beautiful gift from the office staff.
  • 18. rambunctious
    • noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline
      • a social gathering that became rambunctious and out of hand;
      • a boisterous crowd;
      • a robustious group of teenagers;
      • beneath the rumbustious surface of his paintings is sympathy for the vulnerability of ordinary human beings
  • 19. fret
    • to be troubled; worry
      • She'll fret herself to death one of these days.
    • to be worn or eaten away; become corroded
      • The metal is fre tt ed with the acid.