Chameleons and Codas Unit 9
fringe <ul><li>bangs (Am E) </li></ul><ul><li>on the fringes (of something) </li></ul><ul><li>a) not completely belonging ...
hearing <ul><li>1 [u] the sense which you use to hear sounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She has remarkable hearing for a lady o...
deaf <ul><li>She's  deaf and dumb  (=unable to hear or speak) and communicates using sign language.  </li></ul><ul><li>sto...
license / licence <ul><li>the freedom or opportunity to behave in a way that is wrong or immoral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lic...
oblivious <ul><li>not knowing about or not noticing something that is happening around you [= unaware] </li></ul><ul><ul><...
squabble <ul><li>to argue about something unimportant [= quarrel] </li></ul><ul><li>squabble over/about </li></ul><ul><li>...
vital <ul><li>similar words: main, key, chief, principal, leading, vital, crucial, essential, significant, pivotal </li></...
or else <ul><li>used to say what another possibility might be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The salesman will reduce the price or...
falter <ul><li>to become weaker and unable to continue in an effective way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The economy is showing s...
flutter <ul><li>if a bird or insect flutters, or if it flutters its wings, it flies by moving its wings lightly up and dow...
scowl <ul><li>His wife scowled when he came home late again. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder why he is wearing an angry scowl. ...
enlightened <ul><li>someone with enlightened attitudes has sensible, modern views and treats people fairly and kindly </li...
back off <ul><li>to stop telling someone what to do, or stop criticizing them, especially so that they can deal with somet...
saddle somebody with something  <ul><li>to make someone have a job or problem that is difficult or boring and that they do...
stride <ul><li>strode, stridden (to walk quickly with long steps) </li></ul><ul><li>stroll in a relaxed way for pleasure <...
bowl over <ul><li>to completely surprise someone  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The news bowled me over.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
rambunctious <ul><li>noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a social gathering that became ram...
fret <ul><li>to be troubled; worry  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She'll fret herself to death one of these days.  </li></ul></ul>...
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Chameleons And Codas Ss

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Chameleons And Codas Ss

  1. 1. Chameleons and Codas Unit 9
  2. 2. fringe <ul><li>bangs (Am E) </li></ul><ul><li>on the fringes (of something) </li></ul><ul><li>a) not completely belonging to or accepted by a group of people who share the same job, activities etc: </li></ul><ul><li>a small group on the fringes of the art world </li></ul><ul><li>b) also on the fringe at the part of something that is farthest from the centre [= on the edge of something]: </li></ul><ul><li>Nina remained on the fringe of the crowd. </li></ul>
  3. 3. hearing <ul><li>1 [u] the sense which you use to hear sounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She has remarkable hearing for a lady of her age. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a child with a hearing disability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 [c] a meeting of a court or special committee to find out the facts about a case: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a court hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 [countable usually singular] an opportunity for someone to explain their actions, ideas, or opinions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let's give both sides a fair hearing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>hearing-aid n. hearing-impaired adj. </li></ul>
  4. 4. deaf <ul><li>She's deaf and dumb (=unable to hear or speak) and communicates using sign language. </li></ul><ul><li>stone deaf adj.: completely unable to hear </li></ul><ul><li>I think Mum's going a bit deaf. </li></ul><ul><li>be deaf to something literary to be unwilling to hear or listen to something: (be blind to sth.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She was deaf to his pleas. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>turn a deaf ear (to something): to be unwilling to listen to what someone is saying or asking: ( turn a blind eye ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The factory owners turned a deaf ear to the demands of the workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>fall on deaf ears : if advice or a warning falls on deaf ears, everyone ignores it </li></ul><ul><li>She was struck dumb with terror. </li></ul>
  5. 5. license / licence <ul><li>the freedom or opportunity to behave in a way that is wrong or immoral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>licence to do something </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Police say it gives youngsters licence to break the law. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>freedom to do or say what you think is best: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headteachers should be allowed greater licence in the exercise of their power. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>driving license/driver’s license, grant/issue a license, a license to do sth., do sth. without a license </li></ul>
  6. 6. oblivious <ul><li>not knowing about or not noticing something that is happening around you [= unaware] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>oblivious of/to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He seemed oblivious to the fact that he had hurt her. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seemingly/apparently oblivious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress was seemingly oblivious to these events. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>obliviousness noun [u] </li></ul>
  7. 7. squabble <ul><li>to argue about something unimportant [= quarrel] </li></ul><ul><li>squabble over/about </li></ul><ul><li>The kids always squabble about who should do the dishes.. </li></ul><ul><li>squabble with </li></ul><ul><li>He's squabbling with the referee. </li></ul><ul><li>synonyms: fight, quarrel, have a row British English </li></ul><ul><li>to argue about unimportant things: squabble, bicker, quibble </li></ul><ul><li>to stop arguing: bury the hatchet (a small axe), settle your differences, make your peace with somebody, make it up </li></ul>
  8. 8. vital <ul><li>similar words: main, key, chief, principal, leading, vital, crucial, essential, significant, pivotal </li></ul><ul><li>not important: unimportant, trivial, minor, irrelevant, insignificant </li></ul>
  9. 9. or else <ul><li>used to say what another possibility might be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The salesman will reduce the price or else include free insurance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>used to threaten someone: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand over the money, or else! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>used to say that there will be a bad result if someone does not do something: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurry up or else we'll miss the train. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. falter <ul><li>to become weaker and unable to continue in an effective way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The economy is showing signs of faltering. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>to speak in a voice that sounds weak and uncertain, and keeps stopping: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laurie's voice faltered as she tried to thank him. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>to become less certain and determined that you want to do something: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We must not falter in our resolve. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>to stop walking or to walk in an unsteady way because you suddenly feel weak or afraid: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She faltered for a moment. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. flutter <ul><li>if a bird or insect flutters, or if it flutters its wings, it flies by moving its wings lightly up and down: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A small bird fluttered past the window. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>to make small gentle movements in the air: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dead leaves fluttered slowly to the ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The flag fluttered in the light breeze. flutter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>if your eyelids flutter, they move slightly when you are asleep: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Her eyelids fluttered but did not open. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>flutter your eyelashes (at somebody) if a woman flutters her eyelashes at a man, she looks at him and moves her eyes to make herself attractive to him </li></ul>
  12. 12. scowl <ul><li>His wife scowled when he came home late again. </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder why he is wearing an angry scowl. </li></ul>
  13. 13. enlightened <ul><li>someone with enlightened attitudes has sensible, modern views and treats people fairly and kindly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enlightened attitude/approach etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'Empowerment' is the new buzz-word in enlightened management circles. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>showing a good understanding or knowledge of something: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We don't actually know, but I can make an enlightened guess. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. back off <ul><li>to stop telling someone what to do, or stop criticizing them, especially so that they can deal with something themselves: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I think you should back off for a while. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back off, Marc! Let me run my own life! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. saddle somebody with something <ul><li>to make someone have a job or problem that is difficult or boring and that they do not want: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I've been saddled with organizing the whole party! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many farms were saddled with debts. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. stride <ul><li>strode, stridden (to walk quickly with long steps) </li></ul><ul><li>stroll in a relaxed way for pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>wander with no aim or direction </li></ul><ul><li>stride in a confident or angry way </li></ul><ul><li>march soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>hike for long distances in the countryside or the mountains </li></ul><ul><li>tiptoe very quietly </li></ul><ul><li>wade through water </li></ul><ul><li>stagger in an unsteady way because you are drunk or injured </li></ul><ul><li>limp with difficulty because one leg is painful or injured </li></ul>
  17. 17. bowl over <ul><li>to completely surprise someone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The news bowled me over. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I was totally bowled over by the beautiful gift from the office staff. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. rambunctious <ul><li>noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a social gathering that became rambunctious and out of hand; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a boisterous crowd; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a robustious group of teenagers; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>beneath the rumbustious surface of his paintings is sympathy for the vulnerability of ordinary human beings </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. fret <ul><li>to be troubled; worry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She'll fret herself to death one of these days. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>to be worn or eaten away; become corroded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The metal is fre tt ed with the acid. </li></ul></ul>

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