Nazi revision


Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Nazi revision

  1. 1. Nazi Germany 1933 - 1945
  2. 2. The use of Terror <ul><li>The SS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an elite group of committed Nazis, used to eliminate the SA in June 1934 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>charged with internal security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guarded concentration camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hunted political enemies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commanded by Heinrich Himmler </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The use of Terror <ul><li>The Gestapo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The secret state police. Used to suppress hostility to the regime at home and in occupied territories. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commanded by Himmler </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The use of Terror <ul><li>Concentration Camps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>run by the SS to detain enemies of the state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dachau 1933 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prisoners Jews, political, priests, anti-socials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1939 six camps were operating. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extermination Camps Auschwitz-Birkenau </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Role of Propaganda <ul><li>The Press </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all non Nazi newspapers and magazines were taken over or closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all content was strictly controlled </li></ul></ul>Radio All stations under state control. Cheap mass produced radios sold. Sets installed in cafes and factories. All Hitlers speeches broadcast .
  6. 6. Role of Propaganda <ul><li>Films : Over 100 000 made all approved by Goebbels. All films given a pro Nazi stance </li></ul>Ministry for Public Propaganda and Enlightenment
  7. 7. Role of Propaganda <ul><li>Rallies and Campaigns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual rally at Nuremburg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1936 Olympic Games, used as propaganda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local rallies and fund raising led by the Hitler Youth and local party organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posters used to promote Nazi ideals </li></ul></ul>Joseph Goebbels
  8. 8. Role of Propaganda <ul><li>Books and Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>writers, and composers persuaded or forced to produce works in praise of Hitler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books written by Jews, Communists etc were banned and many destroyed in public book burning in 1933 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jazz music banned because of its black origins </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Religion Nazi Part Attitudes Claimed to approve of Christianity and offer religious freedom. In fact attacked Churches and religious sects Catholic Church : Concordat 1933 in theory allowed Catholic Church to operate freely in return for an oath of loyalty. 1937 after a steady erosion of its influence Pope condemns Nazi’s. Never take a stand on Jewish persecutions Protestant Churches : 1933 attempt by Hitler to gain control and establish a Reich Church. Reich Church was anti-Christian and promoted Nazism. Confessional Church founded in defiance of Nazis
  10. 10. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>Hitler blamed the Jews for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflation 1923 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic collapse 1929 -32 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>1933 - Unsuccessful boycott of Jewish shops </li></ul><ul><li>Jews excluded from Government jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of professional Jewish people were dismissed from jobs </li></ul><ul><li>1934 - Jews banned from public places, parks, swimming pools etc. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>1935 - The Nuremburg Laws 15 September </li></ul><ul><li>1 - The Reich Law on citizenship - only those of German blood can be citizens, and have the right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Law for the protection of German Blood and Honour - forbids marriage or sexual relations between Jews and German citizens </li></ul>
  13. 13. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>1936 - 37 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The professional activity of Jews is banned or restricted - includes vets, doctors, dentists, accountants, teachers and nurses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1938 Qualifications of Jewish doctors is cancelled </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>1938 - Riechkristalnacht 9th November </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Following the murder of a German diplomat in Paris by a Jew a campaign is started which last 3 days and targets Jewish shops, homes and synagogues. 90 killed 20 000 arrested and sent to concentration camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish children excluded form schools and Universities </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>1939 - Jews no longer allowed to run businesses and shops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>forbidden to own radios and to buy cakes and chocolate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1940 - 42 Jews deported from Germany Jews in occupied territories moved into ghettos and used as slave labour. Special SS groups formed to deal with the Jews. Gassing in vans starts </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>The Wannsee Conference Jan 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Decision taken by Nazi leaders led by Heydrich meet to discuss the final solution </li></ul><ul><li>Decision to evacuate all Jews to extermination camps in Poland is taken </li></ul><ul><li>Over 4.5 million Jews killed in death camps </li></ul>
  17. 17. Persecution of minorities <ul><li>Homosexuals, Gypsies and other undesirables sent to concentration camps </li></ul><ul><li>Mentally ill sent to concentration camps </li></ul><ul><li>The Euthanasia programme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>people judged worthless to the regime were killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5,000 children 71, 000 adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped in 1941 after protest from Pope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced Sterilisation programme to prevent contamination of the Aryan race </li></ul></ul>