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First worldwarforgermany

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First worldwarforgermany First worldwarforgermany Presentation Transcript

  • Consequences of the First World War for Germany Germany 1918-1933 28/07/11 Germany after the First World War
  • The Situation
    • The Kaiser has abdicated and left Germany
    • A power vacuum has been created as there is no established form of government
    • Millions of German workers have been killed or seriously injured during the war
    • Germany has become an international pariah (outcast)
    • Germany is subject to an imposed peace settlement
    28/07/11 Germany after the First World War
  • What does this mean in reality?
    • Political instability. There are uprisings against the fledging republic even before it is properly formed.
    • Economic ruin. The war has devastated the economy and further problems occur as a result of the Peace settlement.
    • Unemployment. Millions of soldiers have returned home to find no jobs available.
    28/07/11 Germany after the First World War
  • The Treaty of Versailles
    • Terms of the Peace treaty
    • Massively reduced military capability
    • ‘ War guilt’ clause imposed
    • Reparations fixed at a very high level
    • Which leads to…
    28/07/11 Germany after the First World War
  • Problems 1919-1924
    • Anger directed at the government for signing the Treaty of Versailles
    • Economic problems as all profit is sent directly to the Allies as reparations pay-outs
    • Valueless currency as economic crisis leads to hyper-inflation
    • Rise of extremist groups attempting to wrestle power from the de-stabilised government (Freikorps, Spartacists etc.)
    28/07/11 Germany after the First World War
  • Other factors…
    • Government established in difficult circumstances
    • Mistrust of government and animosity towards it from it’s inception
    • Refusal of the rest of the World to accept Germany
    28/07/11 Germany after the First World War
  • Summary
    • Germany in a desperate situation. The terms of the Treaty of Versailles cripple the economy and prevent German recovery after the war. This in turn leads to the new, Weimar, government being unable to restore pre-war conditions. Animosity towards those who signed the treaty grows and many German people look for people to blame for the crisis, leading to theories of ‘the stab in the back’. The new government, already under fire, is likely to fail in it’s duty to provide security, prosperity and comfort given the conditions that it has inherited.
    28/07/11 Germany after the First World War