GREEK ART TIMELINE<br />By: Ximena Fernández<br />
In the Geometric period, decoration of pottery developed rapidly . Metalwork was in the phase of transition from bronze technology to iron. From the finds available, only in weapons do we encounter some influence being the result of the use of this new material. <br />Its centre was in Athens, and it was diffused amongst the trading cities of the Aegean<br />GEOMETRIC ART STYLE<br /> (900-800 BCE)<br />Funeraryritualsanheroicwarriorswerethemaininspiration<br />
Sculptures were placed on pedestals lining the way to the entrance to a main temple or for marking graves. <br />ARCHAIC ART STYLE<br /> (600-480 B.C)<br />Some notable distinctions to tell if it's from the archaic period is the Egyptian like "left foot forward," "archaic smile," and the very patterned and conventionalized hair or "helmet hair.<br />
Male statues are called kouroi (simply meaning "young men") and represent gods, warriors, and athletes.<br />ARCHAIC ART STYLE<br /> (600-480 B.C)<br />The female statues are called korai and depict clothed priestesses, goddesses, and nymphs<br />
It was an international style found at many cities in the Hellenic world and in a variety of media including:bronze sculpture in the round, stelae, and architectural relief. The style perhaps realized its greatest fulfillment in the metopesof the Temple of Zeus, Olympia.<br /> SEVERE STYLE<br />(EARLY PHASE OF CLASICAL SCULPTURE)<br />Here we find a simplicity of forms, especially in dress and the absence of decoration, a feeling of heaviness both in the gravity of the body and the “doughy” cloth of the peplos<br />
There was a revolution in Greek statuary, usually associated with the introduction of democracy and the end of the aristocratic culture associated with the kouroi. <br />Poses became more naturalistic and the technical skill of making the human form in a variety of poses increased<br />CLASSICAL ART STYLE<br /> (480-323 B.C)<br />For the first time we know the names of individual sculptors like Phidias: Parthenon and Praxiteles (who made the female nude respectable for the first time) : his Aphrodite of Knidos<br />
It was the time of gigantism: thus it was for the second temple of Apollo at Didyma The sanctuary is one of the largest ever constructed in the Mediterranean region: inside a vast court (21.7 metres by 53.6 metres)<br />HELLENISTIC ART STYLE<br /> (323-31 B.C)<br />A number of the best-known works of Greek sculpture belong to this period, including Laocoön and his Sons, Venus de Milo, and the Winged Victory of Samothrace.<br />
HELLENISTIC ART STYLE<br /> (323-31 B.C)<br />The Hellenistic period is equally the time of development of the mosaic, particularly with the works of Sosos of Pergamon<br />
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