Political parties


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the most important political prties in the United States

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Political parties

  1. 1. Political parties in the United States <br />
  2. 2. The United States is an important country which has great influence in the world; for this reason an important factor is the political system. In the United States we find three very important political parties they are: <br /><ul><li>Democratic Party</li></ul>Republican Party<br />Independent party <br />
  3. 3. In the Congressional their representatives are:<br /> House of Representatives<br />Democratic Party 192<br />Republican Party 241<br />Independent 0<br />
  4. 4. The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the Grand Old Party (GOP). The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S. political spectrum and is considered center-right, in contrast to the more center-left Democrats.<br />
  5. 5. Name:<br />The party's founding members chose the name "Republican Party" in the mid-1850s as homage to the values of republicanism promoted by Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party.<br />The term "Grand Old Party" is a traditional nickname for the Republican Party, and the abbreviation "G.O.P." (or "GOP") is a commonly used designation.<br />
  6. 6. The traditional mascot of the party is the elephant. A political cartoon by Thomas Nast, published on November 7, 1874, is considered the first important use of the symbol, but In the early 20th century, the usual symbol of the Republican Party in Midwestern states such as Indiana and Ohio was the eagle, as opposed to the Democratic rooster. <br />
  7. 7. Ideology and political positions<br />The Republican Party includes fiscal conservatives, social conservatives, neoconservatives, moderates, and libertarians. Prior to the formation of the conservative coalition, which helped realign the Democratic and Republican party ideologies in the mid-1960s, the party historically advocated classical liberalism, paleoconservatism, and progressivism.<br />
  8. 8. Themainrepresentatives<br />Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican President (1861–1865).<br />
  9. 9. UlyssesS. Grant (1869-1877)<br />Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881)<br />James A. Garfield (1881)<br />Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885)<br />BenjaminHarrison (1889-1893)<br />William McKinley (1897-1901)<br />Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)<br />
  10. 10. William Taft (1909-1913)<br />Warren Harding (1921-1923)<br />Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)<br />Herbert C. Hoover (1929-1933)<br />Dwight David Eisenhower (1953-1961)<br />Richard Nixon (1969-1974)<br />
  11. 11. Gerald Ford (1974-1977)<br />Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)<br />George Bush (Padre) (1989-1993)<br />George W. Bush (Hijo) (2001-2009)<br />
  12. 12. Democratic Party <br />
  13. 13. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous operation in the United States, and is one of the oldest political parties in the world. The party had 72 million registered voters in 2004. President Barack Obama is the 15th Democrat to hold the office.<br />As of the 112th Congress following the 2010 elections, the Democratic Party currently holds a minority of seats in the House of Representatives, but holds a majority of seats in the Senate. It currently holds a minority of state governorships, as well as a minority of state legislatures.<br />
  14. 14. underground<br />The Democratic Party evolved from Anti-Federalist factions that opposed the fiscal policies of Alexander Hamilton in the early 1790s. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison organized these factions into the Democratic-Republican Party. The party favored states' rights and strict adherence to the Constitution; it opposed a national bank and wealthy, moneyed interests. The Democratic-Republican Party ascended to power in the election of 1800. <br />
  15. 15. Symbol<br />The "Kicking Donkey" party logo is still a well-known symbol for the Democratic Party, despite not being the official logo of the party.<br />
  16. 16. Ideology<br />In recent decades, the party has adopted a centrist economic and socially progressive agenda, with the voter base having shifted considerably. Today, Democrats advocate more social freedoms, affirmative action, balanced budget, and a free enterprise system tempered by government intervention (mixed economy). The economic policy adopted by the modern Democratic Party, including the former Clinton administration, has been referred to as the "Third Way". The party believes that government should play a role in alleviating poverty and social injustice and use a system of progressive taxation.<br />
  17. 17. Representatives<br />Andrew Jackson is typically considered the first Democratic President of the United States. (1829-1837)<br />
  18. 18. Martin Van Buren Richard Mentor Johnson (1837-1841)<br />James Knox Polk George Mifflin Dallas (1845-1849)<br />Franklin Pierce (1853-1857) <br />James Buchanan, Jr. (1857-1861)<br />Stephen Grover Cleveland (1885-1889) (1893-1897) <br />Thomas Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)<br />
  19. 19. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945)<br />Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-1969)<br />James Earl Carter, Jr (1977-1981)<br />William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (1993-2001)<br />Barack Hussein Obama II ( 2009 president) <br />
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  21. 21. Differences and similitudes<br />
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  24. 24. American independent party <br />
  25. 25. The American Independent Party is a right-wing political party of the United States that was established in 1967 by Bill and Eileen Shearer. In 1968, the American Independent Party nominated George C. Wallace as its presidential candidate and retired Air Force General Curtis E. LeMay as the vice presidential candidate. <br />
  26. 26. Wallace ran on every state ballot in the 1968 presidential election, though he did not represent the American Independent Party in all fifty states; in Connecticut, for instance, he was listed on the ballot as representing the "George Wallace Party." The Wallace/LeMay ticket received 13.5 percent of the popular vote and 46 electoral votes.<br />
  27. 27. In 1969, representatives from 40 states established the American Party as the successor to the American Independent Party. In some places, such as Connecticut, the American Party was officially constituted as the American Conservative Party. (The modern American Conservative Party, founded in 2008, is unrelated to the Wallace-era party.) The official party flag adoption took place on August 30, 1970. <br />
  28. 28. The flag depicts an eagle holding a group of arrows in its left talons, over a compass rose, with a banner which reads "The American Independent Party" at the eagle's base. In 1972, the party nominated former Congressman John G. Schmitz of California for president and Tennessee author Thomas Jefferson Anderson for vice president. <br />
  29. 29. In 1976, the American Party split into the more moderate American Party, which included more northern conservatives and Schmitz supporters, and the American Independent Party, which focused on the deep South. <br />
  30. 30. Both of the parties have nominated candidates for the presidency and other offices. Neither the American Party nor the American Independent Party has had much national success.<br />The American Independent Party has had ballot status in the state of California since 1968 and is still active there. As of early 2008, AIP's registration total was 328,261.<br />
  31. 31. By: Ximena Arévalo <br />