• X formed one of the sixteen Mahā-Janapadas
or kingdoms in ancient India. The core of the kingdom
was the area of Bihar south of the Ganges; its first capital
was Rajagriha (modern Rajgir) then Y (modern Patna).
• X expanded to include most of Bihar and Bengal with
the conquest of Licchavi and Anga respectively, followed
by much of eastern Uttar Pradesh and Orissa. The
ancient kingdom of X is heavily mentioned
in Jain and Buddhist texts. It is also mentioned in the
Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas.
• Identify X and Y.
2. Identify X
• “My life is so successful
I've got everything a man could ever need.
Got a 1000 dollar haircut
And I even have a talk-show on TV.
And I know I should be happy, but instead
There's a question I can't get out of my head.
What's the meaning of X ?
It's killing me that no one knows
Why it was built 5000 years ago.
Why did they build the X ?
How could they raise the stones so high
Completely without the technology
We have today?”
• X (c. 31 December 695–18 July 715) was an Umayyad general who
conquered the Sindh and Punjab regions along the Indus River (now
a part of Pakistan) for the Umayyad Caliphate. He was born and
raised in the city of Taif (in modern day Saudi Arabia). X‟s conquest
of Sindh and Punjab enabled further Islamic expansion into India.
Modern day legacy of X:
• X is often referred to as the first Pakistani according to Pakistan
Studies curriculum. Muhammad Ali Jinnah also acclaimed X and
claimed that the Pakistan movement started when the first Muslim
put his foot on the soil of Sindh, the Gateway of Islam in India.
• Port X, Pakistan's second major port, at Karachi, is named in
honour of X.
Muhammad bin Qasim
• Imád-uddín Muhammad bin Qasim bin
Yusuf Sakifi Mujahid
• The modern name of the city X is derived from
the one given to the city by the Mughal Emperor
Akbar in 1583. The name can be split in two
parts : 1. Arabic for "Lord" or "God"
2. Persian for "to construct or to create a garden"
languages generally is Ilāhābād
); ilah (Hindi:
being Arabic for "Lord" or "God
(Allah)" and -ābād (Hindi:
is Persian for "to construct or to create
a garden", which explains the meaning
of the name Allahabad as "Garden of
• Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2
May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also widely known as the X,
was a German fighter pilot with the Imperial German
Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I.
He is considered the top ace of that war, being officially
credited with 80 air combat victories.
• Shadow of the X is the album of Belgian band Iron
Mask, released in January 2010.
• Identify X.
6. Identify X and Y
• The X was a nonviolent political protest by the Sons
of Liberty in Boston, on December 16, 1773.
Disguised as Indians, the demonstrators destroyed
the entire supply of Y sent by the British East India
Company in defiance of the American boycott of Y
carrying a tax the Americans had not authorized.
• When Mohandas K. Gandhi led a mass burning of
Indian registration cards in South Africa in 1908, a
British newspaper compared the event to X.
7. Identify X
• X was a city, both factual and legendary, located
in northwest Anatolia in what is now Turkey,
southeast of the Dardanelles and beside Mount
Ida. It is best known for being the focus of
the war described in the Greek Epic Cycle and
especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems
attributed to Homer. Identify X.
• I was built in Canada, but ate food made in the
United States. I shifted to India, near Mumbai,
• I became useful on July 10, 1960 and owing to
my contributions, the country had a blast in
• I breathed my last on 31 December, 2010 due to
a treaty between India and The United States.
• Who am I?
9. Identify X
• The X are an archaeological site of the Paleolithic age,
exhibiting the earliest traces of human life on the Indian
subcontinent, and thus the beginning of the South Asian
Stone Age. X is located in the Raisen District in
the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
• X exhibits the earliest traces of human life in India. X
was inhabited by Homo erectus more than 100,000
years ago. Some of the Stone Age rock paintings found in
X are approximately 30,000 years old. X was declared
a World Heritage Site in 2003.
• X lies on the railway line running from Nagpur-Bhopal
between the stations of Obaidullaganj and Barkheda.
• If one were to perform the same train journey as
VS Wakankar, beyond Bhopal, the train would
pass right next to another UNESCO World
Heritage Site, again in the district of Raisen in
• Which is the site we are talking about?
• An accomplished woman whose talents ranged
from cooking, sewing, painting, dancing, fashion
designing, who would pen poetry under the
name of Makhfi and who is rumoured to have
killed four tigers with six bullets while
accompanying her husband on a hunting trip.
Who am I talking about?
• A 3,300 year old painted object made of
limestone is one of the most copied works of the
country it comes from. However, it is presently
not located in its country of origin. The said
object‟s hairstyle was the source of inspiration
for the monster‟s wife in the American horror
movie, the Bride of Frankenstein. What am I
• Ancient Indian kings were supposed to follow
the concept of Rajdharma. However, one ruler
inspite of his many conquests got motivated to
abandon it. Who was it and what was the event
that prompted his decision?
• The President of the Indian National Congress in
1905 established an organisation to further the
cause of Indian education. Sadly, the
organisation is almost defunct presently. He was
also one of the first generation of Indians to
receive university education. Who am I talking
about and what is the name of the organisation?
15. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, The
Servants of India Society
• In the 1770s this man developed the cow pox
vaccine which would further aid in control of
deadly diseases like Small pox. He is known as
the father of immunology. Who is he?
• The X are an extinct species of the genus Homo,
possibly a subspecies of Homo sapiens. They are
closely related to modern humans, differing in
DNA by only 0.3%, just twice the variability
across contemporary humans.
• Identify X
the Roman, Byzantine, Latin, and the Ottoman
empires. It was re-inaugurated in 324 AD at
ancient Byzantium, as the new capital of
the Roman Empire and dedicated on 11 May 330
AD. In the 12th century, the city was the largest
and wealthiest European city
Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of
the Habsburg pretender to the Spanish throne.
The territory was subsequently ceded to Britain
"in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in
1713. It was an important base for the Royal Navy;
today its economy is based largely on tourism,
online gaming, financial services, and shipping.
Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan
Asaf Jah VII
Last Nizam of Hyderabad
Round III – What am I?
• Six Clues to an answer
• Points as per slide
• The X is the national Standards Body
of India working under the aegis of Ministry of
Distribution, Government of India. It was
established by the X Act, 1986 which came into
effect on 23 December 1986
• Identify X.
• X is a term for handspun and hand-woven cloth
from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan primarily
made out of hemp.
• The raw materials may sometimes also include silk,
or wool, which are all spun into yarn on a spinning
wheel. It is a versatile fabric, cool in summer and
warm in winter. In order to improve the look, X is
sometimes starched to give it a stiffer feel. It is
widely accepted in fashion circles.
• X belonged to a Telugu Brahmin family and was an
Indian freedom fighter.
• The AICC met at a two day session at Bezawada (31
March-1 April 1921). At this session X approached
Gandhi with his claim to fame. Gandhi‟s approval
was instrumental in the ultimate adoption of his
• Who is X?
an Indian politician and Member of Parliament
(MP) from the Kurukshetra Lok Sabha
constituency in the northern Indian state
of Haryana. He is the Chairman of a major
power company, which is part of the $17 billion
diversified business conglomerate founded by
his late industrialist father.
• According to Hindu religion, Puranas mentioned
that only 24 Rishis wielded the whole power of
the Gayatri Mantra. These 24 rishis
in Himalayas are represented through the 24
letters of the Gayatri Mantra. All the 24 spokes
of X are the representation of all these 24 rishis
of Himalayas, in which Vishvamitra is first
and Yajnavalkya is last who governs the religion
This South Asian country‟s name was derived
from a river flowing across its north western part.
The Indian Tricolour
Bureau of Indian Standards