IntroductionIn our presentation we will be discussing the use ofpoetic techniques by comparing the following poems: The Soldier – Rupert Brooke Dulce et decorum est – Wilfred OwenWe will be breaking the two poems apart and describingthe tone, imagery, symbolism and emotion created bythe poets.
If I should die, think only this of me: That theres some corner of a foreign field That is for ever England. There shall be In that rich earth a richer dust concealed; The Soldier A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware, Gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roam,If you have any questions, as to A body of Englands, breathing English air,vocabulary or an overall question Washed by the rivers, blest by suns ofTheo, Greg and I will be happy to home.answer. And think, this heart, all evil shed away,When the soldiers went to war A pulse in the eternal mind, no lesseach of them carried the spirit of Gives somewhere back the thoughts byEngland with them, so where and England given;when they fell, England lives on Her sights and sounds; dreams happy asthere as their gravestone and her day;England shall remember those who And laughter, learnt of friends; anddied for ‘Her.’ gentleness, In hearts at peace, under an English heaven.
The SoldierIambic tone – upbeat, happy tone.For example, ‘If I should die think only this of me.’ words that are underlined arestressed syllablesiambic pentameter, pentameter meaning there are five stresses in the line.An example of a metaphor - ‘That there’s some corner of a foreign field That isforever England’ The death of the soldier has become more than just a tragic event.It has served to enrich the soil of another country and actually make it a part ofEngland.Personification is used to make England almost human, bringing the conception ofBritannia to life – ‘A dust whom England bore…A body of England’s, breathingEnglish air…England given Her thoughts and sounds, dreams as happy as her day…’
The SoldierOverall I believe that the tone of the poem is upbeat andshows how patriotic and brave the soldiers were during WW1.There is also a sense that there will be an idyllic place, withpeace and serenity that can be achieved under an Englishheaven.The poet, Rupert Brooke, has used poetic effects very well increating a deep and descriptive poem, full of hidden meaningand underlying context.‘Literature is the study of life’ the wise words of Mr. Foakes.
Dulce Et Decorum Est Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs And towards our distant rest began to trudge. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind; Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind.
Dulce Et Decorum Est Gas! Gas! Quick, boys!---An ecstasy of fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, And floundring like a man in fire or lime... Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light, As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
Dulce Et Decorum Est If in some smothering dreams you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devils sick of sin; If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,---
Dulce Et Decorum Est My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori.
Dulce Et Decorum Est‘It Is sweet and proper…’The title is certainly not a true reflection of the tone of thepoem which ends with ‘…to die for one’s country.’ – ‘propatria mori’Trochaic metre – sad, downbeat and depressing.The poem is a true depiction of the harsh, brutal reality ofwar.
Dulce et Decorum estLots of use of similes – for example, ‘Like oldbeggars…like hags…’Metaphors are also used – for example, ‘Haunting flares’ –sinister, ghost-like. ‘Drunk with fatigue…’ completelyexhausted, inebriated.Personification – ‘…Of tired outstripped Fives-Nines…’ –even the weapons are tired, given human qualities ofexhaustion.
Conclusion These poems look at war in two very different ways. ‘The Soldier’ outlines how brave and patriotic war is, where as ‘Dulce et decorum est’