The simplepast tense Form (structure) Meaning & Use Pronunciation
How do we form the simplepast tense . . .?English has two types ofverbs in the past tense: taught walked Regular verbs studied Irregular verbs gaveLook at the following becamelist of past tense criedverbs…verbs… livedwhich verbs are didregular,regular, and which areirregular?irregular?
Regular verbs are verbs that ….…end with –edSimple Form Past TenseWalkStudyCryLive
Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . .…DON’T end with –ed DON’some irregular verbsHave a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense beco become beca became give gave dri drive dro drove forge forget forgo forgot
other irregular verbsHave a different kind of change: Simple Past teach taught bring brought Leave left Hear heard Buy bought
And some irregular verbsdon’don’t change at all . . .Simple Pasthit hitput putset setThe children set the table every Sunday.The children set the table last night.
For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of theverb in a positive sentence.When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.Donna ______________ and _______________ inParis when she was younger.
For irregular verbs, use the correct past tenseform in positive sentences.Last week, I ___________ you a letter.The students _____________ a speech inEnglish. They __________ a great job!
For negative sentences,USEI went to work yesterday.Carl didn’t go to workbecause he was sick.
Exception = VERB BE!The verb be is special. DIDN’Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with theverb BE. Instead, just use:
Meaning & UseIn what situations do English speakers usethe simple past tense? Completed actions in the past. Here are some common time expressionsused with the past tense?
Examples: yesterday.I saw Maria yesterday. Friday,Last Friday, the students took their spelling andvocabulary tests. ago.They got married two years ago.
Some regular verbs end with a“t” sound:Walked LaughedWashed Talkedjumped
Some regular verbs end with a“d” sound:planned playedlearned answeredloved
Other regular verbs end with id”an “id” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable:Simple Form Past Tense
There are rules that tell us howto pronounce the –ed.However,It’s a good idea for students to makea list of which –ed verbs have a tsound, which have a d sound, andwhich have an id sound.And with practice, you can start to learn andmemorize correct pronunciation.
Student Practice:Go to this website with a classmate topractice what you have learned orreviewed today:http://www.quia.com/quiz/664418.html