Dell Hymes SPEAKING model and the parts are as follows: Setting and Scene This setting refers to the time and place while scene describes the environment of the situation S Participants This refers to who is involved in the speech including the speaker and the audience P
Ends The purpose and goals of the speech along with any outcomes of the speech Act Sequence The order of events that took place during the speech Key The overall tone or manner of the speech E K A
Genre The type of speech that is being given Instrumentalities The form and style of the speech being given Norms Defines what is socially acceptable at the event G I N K A E P S
UNIT I: PRINCIPLES OF Communication Foundations of Human Communication Communication Defined Human communication is the process of making sense out of the world and sharing that sense with others through verbal and nonverbal messages
Communication Models Human Communication as Action <ul><li>Information source </li></ul><ul><li>Receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>Channel </li></ul><ul><li>Noise </li></ul>
Human Communication as Interaction <ul><li>Feed back </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul>Human Communication as Transaction <ul><li>Simultaneously Interactive </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning is based on mutual ideas and feelings </li></ul>
Self-Awareness and Communication Self-Concept Components <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul>Material Self Social Self Spiritual Self Is that part of you that interacts with others Is a total of all the tangible things you own Consists of all your internal thoughts
Understanding Verbal Messages Why Focus on Language? The Nature of Language Language is a system of symbols structured by grammar and common to a community people. Words are Symbols With Meanings denotative connotative
Understanding Nonverbal Messages Nonverbal Messages Communicate Feelings and Attitudes Codes of Nonverbal Communication Body Movement, Gestures, and Posture Codes of Nonverbal Communication <ul><li>Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Facial Expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul>
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