Digital Libraries: Local and           Global          Alastair Dunning,        The European Library          23rd October...
I previously worked at:Arts and Humanities Data Service– An early digital libraryJISC – A UK funding body fordigital servi...
Currently work at:The European Library, thelibrary aggregator for Europeana(Based in The Hague, Netherlands)(Based in The ...
A very select view of Europeana          Eco-System                                                          Also:        ...
{flat} {not flat}                    5
Digitálna knižnica– a sense ofworry ? 6
7
“Despite all our technical and technological      achievements, at the beginning of the third   millennium our libraries a...
Do libraries still make sense?        Will we still be needed?        Will we still be needed?9
- Google; information foundwithout visiting library - Library collections lessimportant for scientists andstudents        ...
- Authority of library underminedby other sources of information- Learning and Higher Educationmore focussed on vocational...
“Bangor University is proposingto sack eight of its 12 librariansbecause students can find theinformation they need on the...
- filtering global information- building local community•••                   13
the global localand the local global                14
1. Providing Access
1) The library (public, national,university) still has a vital role to   play in providing access to             content  ...
By content I mean eBooks,digital resources and especiallyjournal articles                17
80% of journal articles are notOpen Access. 100% OpenAccess will still take time.http://poynder.blogspot.nl/2011/06/open-a...
Libraries and their consortiahave a vital role to play ingaining access to publishercontent                19
Negotiating terms, contentselection – point of delivery, usefor research groups, alumni andothers, advanced uses such aste...
Imagine a researchernegotiating with publishers without a library – access to journalswould be difficult, more timeconsumi...
But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians               22
2. Providing Authentication
2) Libraries also have a role to play in authenticating access               24
Who is allowed access to what ?               25
Is this a pupil, student, aresearcher, a teacher, an official,a member of the public, aSlovakian, a European ?            ...
Managing authentication is avital service libraries canmanage               27
Governments, publishers andother private bodies appreciatethat ability to segment audiences                28
An example: Publishers RandomHouse have said ‘libraries ownour eBooks’http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/e-content/libra...
But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians               30
3. filtering the deluge ofinformation
3) Helping users navigate the    deluge of information              32
There is a plenty of openinformation via Google,Wikipedia, online newspapersetc               33
Some students misuse thatinformation. But don’t assumethat all students are naive               34
Advanced students and researchers aremore engaged with digital resources,but “The question arises as to whetherdoctoral st...
They still need help channellingthat knowledge, connecting it toresearch resources, skills andmethods                36
Librarians can play that role                37
But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians               38
But’s the library is also aboutcreating a sense of place; ofcommunity; global ideas in alocal place                 39
4. encouragingcommunities of use
4) Libraries need to continue togrow communities of students,      researchers, publics               41
Alan Gilbert Learning Commons at University ofManchester - Open all hours of the day, and with Wi-Fi available throughout ...
The University of Aberdeen –“the wide-open floors are clearly  intended as a social space as well as a place of learning, ...
The library as physical space fordifferent types of learning andteaching – individual study,group study, group teaching,in...
but this also includes virtualcommunities                 45
5) But the library also needs to make its local content global               48
If Slovakian datasets, articles,books, theses, educationalresources and cultural heritageneeds to have an internationalimp...
… they need to expose themopenly and internationally              50
Libraries have a key role in this                 51
Digital content needs a home,and libraries can supply it.               52
Providing a stable home andrelated URL seems like a simpleservice – but it is vital andcomplex.               53
The preservation of that contentis also complex, and potentiallycostly                54
But libraries are in the position toplay that role                 55
Projects with EIFL to buildrepositories provide a start – butthey need to become permanent                56
6. digitising specialcollectionsFrench National Library, Manuscripts, Nouvelles acquisitions latines 1203
6) Digitising special collectionsis also important. They areunique to libraries                 58
Special collections are uniqueand provide demonstration of acountry’s and an institution’sidentity               59
Ie making local collectionsavailable globally                62
But to achieve impact, findingways to expose that content isvital                63
High quality metadata andSearch Engine Optimisation arepart of that               64
This is also where TheEuropean Library (TEL) can helplibraries               65
Exposure of content in TheEuropeana Library portal –aimed at research community              66
67
Exposure of content inEuropeana – aimed at othercommunities (secondaryschools, tourism, creativeindustries)               69
Content channeled into othersources (e.g. Summon,ProQuest, EBSCO)               70
Membership of The EuropeanLibrary also offers opportunity tobe involved in EU projects andattend Europe-wide meetingssuch ...
Invitation to join The EuropeanLibrary                72
National Library of Slovakiaalready provides bibliographicrecords to the European Library               73
The European Library alsowants to expose content fromResearch Libraries               74
Catalogue records, collectiondescriptions, digitised material                 75
Membership can be forindividual universities or forconsortium (groups) of libraries.The latter is cheaper.                76
So membership of TEL is oneelement in making the localglobal.              77
2) Providing authentication      3) Assisting digital literacy    4) Establishing and enhancing             communities5) ...
Libraries have an importantrole to play. But it’sdifferent.Alastair DunningThe European Libraryalastair.dunning@kb.nl / in...
Credits• Key - http://www.flickr.com/photos/32814074@N00/3281326965/• Stepping Stones - http://www.flickr.com/photos/oatsy...
Digital Libraries: Local and Global
Digital Libraries: Local and Global
Digital Libraries: Local and Global
Digital Libraries: Local and Global
Digital Libraries: Local and Global
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Digital Libraries: Local and Global

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How university libraries of the future need to make global content accessible locally, and local content accessible globally. Given at Slovakian Digital Library conference, October 2012

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Digital Libraries: Local and Global

  1. 1. Digital Libraries: Local and Global Alastair Dunning, The European Library 23rd October 2012 twitter: @alastairdunning email: alastair.dunning@kb.nl 1
  2. 2. I previously worked at:Arts and Humanities Data Service– An early digital libraryJISC – A UK funding body fordigital services in universities 2
  3. 3. Currently work at:The European Library, thelibrary aggregator for Europeana(Based in The Hague, Netherlands)(Based in The Hague, Netherlands)(Based in The Hague, Netherlands) 3
  4. 4. A very select view of Europeana Eco-System Also: The European Individual content Library (Libraries) providers Libraries Archives Europeana Museums European Film Gateway Apex (Archives) National (Film Archives) aggregators Other domain aggregators 4
  5. 5. {flat} {not flat} 5
  6. 6. Digitálna knižnica– a sense ofworry ? 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. “Despite all our technical and technological achievements, at the beginning of the third millennium our libraries are still only providing traditional, common services and procedures. Even if libraries have websites, these aretypically used as a bulletin board describing their services. However, they do not provide their services barrier-free. Libraries stand or fall bytheir catalogs and the only real change from the past has been computerization.” 8
  9. 9. Do libraries still make sense? Will we still be needed? Will we still be needed?9
  10. 10. - Google; information foundwithout visiting library - Library collections lessimportant for scientists andstudents 10
  11. 11. - Authority of library underminedby other sources of information- Learning and Higher Educationmore focussed on vocationallearning- Difficult to change staff quickly- Difficult to change staff quickly- Difficult to change staff quickly- Difficult to change staff quickly 11
  12. 12. “Bangor University is proposingto sack eight of its 12 librariansbecause students can find theinformation they need on theinternet”The Guardian Newspaper February 2005 12
  13. 13. - filtering global information- building local community••• 13
  14. 14. the global localand the local global 14
  15. 15. 1. Providing Access
  16. 16. 1) The library (public, national,university) still has a vital role to play in providing access to content 16
  17. 17. By content I mean eBooks,digital resources and especiallyjournal articles 17
  18. 18. 80% of journal articles are notOpen Access. 100% OpenAccess will still take time.http://poynder.blogspot.nl/2011/06/open-access-by-numbers.html 18
  19. 19. Libraries and their consortiahave a vital role to play ingaining access to publishercontent 19
  20. 20. Negotiating terms, contentselection – point of delivery, usefor research groups, alumni andothers, advanced uses such astext mining 20
  21. 21. Imagine a researchernegotiating with publishers without a library – access to journalswould be difficult, more timeconsuming and expensive 21
  22. 22. But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians 22
  23. 23. 2. Providing Authentication
  24. 24. 2) Libraries also have a role to play in authenticating access 24
  25. 25. Who is allowed access to what ? 25
  26. 26. Is this a pupil, student, aresearcher, a teacher, an official,a member of the public, aSlovakian, a European ? 26
  27. 27. Managing authentication is avital service libraries canmanage 27
  28. 28. Governments, publishers andother private bodies appreciatethat ability to segment audiences 28
  29. 29. An example: Publishers RandomHouse have said ‘libraries ownour eBooks’http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/e-content/libraries-own-random-house-e 29
  30. 30. But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians 30
  31. 31. 3. filtering the deluge ofinformation
  32. 32. 3) Helping users navigate the deluge of information 32
  33. 33. There is a plenty of openinformation via Google,Wikipedia, online newspapersetc 33
  34. 34. Some students misuse thatinformation. But don’t assumethat all students are naive 34
  35. 35. Advanced students and researchers aremore engaged with digital resources,but “The question arises as to whetherdoctoral students are being properlysupported and equipped to navigatetheir way through the plethora andvariety of research materials andsources available on the internet.”Researcher of Tomorrow Report, 2012 Researcher of Tomorrow Report, 2012 35
  36. 36. They still need help channellingthat knowledge, connecting it toresearch resources, skills andmethods 36
  37. 37. Librarians can play that role 37
  38. 38. But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians 38
  39. 39. But’s the library is also aboutcreating a sense of place; ofcommunity; global ideas in alocal place 39
  40. 40. 4. encouragingcommunities of use
  41. 41. 4) Libraries need to continue togrow communities of students, researchers, publics 41
  42. 42. Alan Gilbert Learning Commons at University ofManchester - Open all hours of the day, and with Wi-Fi available throughout the building, students will have access to a comfortable and up-to-date learning environment which caters for all of their needs 42
  43. 43. The University of Aberdeen –“the wide-open floors are clearly intended as a social space as well as a place of learning, with Wi-Fi available throughout the building as it is around much of the campus.” 43
  44. 44. The library as physical space fordifferent types of learning andteaching – individual study,group study, group teaching,informal meeting. Computeraccess also important. 44
  45. 45. but this also includes virtualcommunities 45
  46. 46. 5) But the library also needs to make its local content global 48
  47. 47. If Slovakian datasets, articles,books, theses, educationalresources and cultural heritageneeds to have an internationalimpact … 49
  48. 48. … they need to expose themopenly and internationally 50
  49. 49. Libraries have a key role in this 51
  50. 50. Digital content needs a home,and libraries can supply it. 52
  51. 51. Providing a stable home andrelated URL seems like a simpleservice – but it is vital andcomplex. 53
  52. 52. The preservation of that contentis also complex, and potentiallycostly 54
  53. 53. But libraries are in the position toplay that role 55
  54. 54. Projects with EIFL to buildrepositories provide a start – butthey need to become permanent 56
  55. 55. 6. digitising specialcollectionsFrench National Library, Manuscripts, Nouvelles acquisitions latines 1203
  56. 56. 6) Digitising special collectionsis also important. They areunique to libraries 58
  57. 57. Special collections are uniqueand provide demonstration of acountry’s and an institution’sidentity 59
  58. 58. Ie making local collectionsavailable globally 62
  59. 59. But to achieve impact, findingways to expose that content isvital 63
  60. 60. High quality metadata andSearch Engine Optimisation arepart of that 64
  61. 61. This is also where TheEuropean Library (TEL) can helplibraries 65
  62. 62. Exposure of content in TheEuropeana Library portal –aimed at research community 66
  63. 63. 67
  64. 64. Exposure of content inEuropeana – aimed at othercommunities (secondaryschools, tourism, creativeindustries) 69
  65. 65. Content channeled into othersources (e.g. Summon,ProQuest, EBSCO) 70
  66. 66. Membership of The EuropeanLibrary also offers opportunity tobe involved in EU projects andattend Europe-wide meetingssuch as new Europeana Cloudprojectsuch as new Europeana Cloudproject 71
  67. 67. Invitation to join The EuropeanLibrary 72
  68. 68. National Library of Slovakiaalready provides bibliographicrecords to the European Library 73
  69. 69. The European Library alsowants to expose content fromResearch Libraries 74
  70. 70. Catalogue records, collectiondescriptions, digitised material 75
  71. 71. Membership can be forindividual universities or forconsortium (groups) of libraries.The latter is cheaper. 76
  72. 72. So membership of TEL is oneelement in making the localglobal. 77
  73. 73. 2) Providing authentication 3) Assisting digital literacy 4) Establishing and enhancing communities5) Publishing, exposing and preserving content6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity 78
  74. 74. Libraries have an importantrole to play. But it’sdifferent.Alastair DunningThe European Libraryalastair.dunning@kb.nl / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org 79
  75. 75. Credits• Key - http://www.flickr.com/photos/32814074@N00/3281326965/• Stepping Stones - http://www.flickr.com/photos/oatsy40/6818869372/• Catching the Rain - http://www.flickr.com/photos/pandiyan/75545427/• Worry Lines - http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltman/5405842696/• Chopok, Slovakia - http://www.flickr.com/photos/kabacim/6016060466/• Flat Surfaces (Holland) - http://www.flickr.com/photos/wildphotons/2303958845/• Aberdeen University Library (Copyright Adam Mork) via http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2012/jan/08/aberdeen-university-library-a• Alan Gilbert Learning Commons - http://jrulenginfo.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/alan-gilbert-learning-commons/
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