• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Digital Libraries: Local and Global
 

Digital Libraries: Local and Global

on

  • 526 views

How university libraries of the future need to make global content accessible locally, and local content accessible globally. Given at Slovakian Digital Library conference, October 2012

How university libraries of the future need to make global content accessible locally, and local content accessible globally. Given at Slovakian Digital Library conference, October 2012

Statistics

Views

Total Views
526
Views on SlideShare
526
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
4
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution-NonCommercial LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Digital Libraries: Local and Global Digital Libraries: Local and Global Presentation Transcript

    • Digital Libraries: Local and Global Alastair Dunning, The European Library 23rd October 2012 twitter: @alastairdunning email: alastair.dunning@kb.nl 1
    • I previously worked at:Arts and Humanities Data Service– An early digital libraryJISC – A UK funding body fordigital services in universities 2
    • Currently work at:The European Library, thelibrary aggregator for Europeana(Based in The Hague, Netherlands)(Based in The Hague, Netherlands)(Based in The Hague, Netherlands) 3
    • A very select view of Europeana Eco-System Also: The European Individual content Library (Libraries) providers Libraries Archives Europeana Museums European Film Gateway Apex (Archives) National (Film Archives) aggregators Other domain aggregators 4
    • {flat} {not flat} 5
    • Digitálna knižnica– a sense ofworry ? 6
    • 7
    • “Despite all our technical and technological achievements, at the beginning of the third millennium our libraries are still only providing traditional, common services and procedures. Even if libraries have websites, these aretypically used as a bulletin board describing their services. However, they do not provide their services barrier-free. Libraries stand or fall bytheir catalogs and the only real change from the past has been computerization.” 8
    • Do libraries still make sense? Will we still be needed? Will we still be needed?9
    • - Google; information foundwithout visiting library - Library collections lessimportant for scientists andstudents 10
    • - Authority of library underminedby other sources of information- Learning and Higher Educationmore focussed on vocationallearning- Difficult to change staff quickly- Difficult to change staff quickly- Difficult to change staff quickly- Difficult to change staff quickly 11
    • “Bangor University is proposingto sack eight of its 12 librariansbecause students can find theinformation they need on theinternet”The Guardian Newspaper February 2005 12
    • - filtering global information- building local community••• 13
    • the global localand the local global 14
    • 1. Providing Access
    • 1) The library (public, national,university) still has a vital role to play in providing access to content 16
    • By content I mean eBooks,digital resources and especiallyjournal articles 17
    • 80% of journal articles are notOpen Access. 100% OpenAccess will still take time.http://poynder.blogspot.nl/2011/06/open-access-by-numbers.html 18
    • Libraries and their consortiahave a vital role to play ingaining access to publishercontent 19
    • Negotiating terms, contentselection – point of delivery, usefor research groups, alumni andothers, advanced uses such astext mining 20
    • Imagine a researchernegotiating with publishers without a library – access to journalswould be difficult, more timeconsuming and expensive 21
    • But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians 22
    • 2. Providing Authentication
    • 2) Libraries also have a role to play in authenticating access 24
    • Who is allowed access to what ? 25
    • Is this a pupil, student, aresearcher, a teacher, an official,a member of the public, aSlovakian, a European ? 26
    • Managing authentication is avital service libraries canmanage 27
    • Governments, publishers andother private bodies appreciatethat ability to segment audiences 28
    • An example: Publishers RandomHouse have said ‘libraries ownour eBooks’http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/e-content/libraries-own-random-house-e 29
    • But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians 30
    • 3. filtering the deluge ofinformation
    • 3) Helping users navigate the deluge of information 32
    • There is a plenty of openinformation via Google,Wikipedia, online newspapersetc 33
    • Some students misuse thatinformation. But don’t assumethat all students are naive 34
    • Advanced students and researchers aremore engaged with digital resources,but “The question arises as to whetherdoctoral students are being properlysupported and equipped to navigatetheir way through the plethora andvariety of research materials andsources available on the internet.”Researcher of Tomorrow Report, 2012 Researcher of Tomorrow Report, 2012 35
    • They still need help channellingthat knowledge, connecting it toresearch resources, skills andmethods 36
    • Librarians can play that role 37
    • But note: this does require somenew skills and partners forlibrarians 38
    • But’s the library is also aboutcreating a sense of place; ofcommunity; global ideas in alocal place 39
    • 4. encouragingcommunities of use
    • 4) Libraries need to continue togrow communities of students, researchers, publics 41
    • Alan Gilbert Learning Commons at University ofManchester - Open all hours of the day, and with Wi-Fi available throughout the building, students will have access to a comfortable and up-to-date learning environment which caters for all of their needs 42
    • The University of Aberdeen –“the wide-open floors are clearly intended as a social space as well as a place of learning, with Wi-Fi available throughout the building as it is around much of the campus.” 43
    • The library as physical space fordifferent types of learning andteaching – individual study,group study, group teaching,informal meeting. Computeraccess also important. 44
    • but this also includes virtualcommunities 45
    • 5) But the library also needs to make its local content global 48
    • If Slovakian datasets, articles,books, theses, educationalresources and cultural heritageneeds to have an internationalimpact … 49
    • … they need to expose themopenly and internationally 50
    • Libraries have a key role in this 51
    • Digital content needs a home,and libraries can supply it. 52
    • Providing a stable home andrelated URL seems like a simpleservice – but it is vital andcomplex. 53
    • The preservation of that contentis also complex, and potentiallycostly 54
    • But libraries are in the position toplay that role 55
    • Projects with EIFL to buildrepositories provide a start – butthey need to become permanent 56
    • 6. digitising specialcollectionsFrench National Library, Manuscripts, Nouvelles acquisitions latines 1203
    • 6) Digitising special collectionsis also important. They areunique to libraries 58
    • Special collections are uniqueand provide demonstration of acountry’s and an institution’sidentity 59
    • Ie making local collectionsavailable globally 62
    • But to achieve impact, findingways to expose that content isvital 63
    • High quality metadata andSearch Engine Optimisation arepart of that 64
    • This is also where TheEuropean Library (TEL) can helplibraries 65
    • Exposure of content in TheEuropeana Library portal –aimed at research community 66
    • 67
    • Exposure of content inEuropeana – aimed at othercommunities (secondaryschools, tourism, creativeindustries) 69
    • Content channeled into othersources (e.g. Summon,ProQuest, EBSCO) 70
    • Membership of The EuropeanLibrary also offers opportunity tobe involved in EU projects andattend Europe-wide meetingssuch as new Europeana Cloudprojectsuch as new Europeana Cloudproject 71
    • Invitation to join The EuropeanLibrary 72
    • National Library of Slovakiaalready provides bibliographicrecords to the European Library 73
    • The European Library alsowants to expose content fromResearch Libraries 74
    • Catalogue records, collectiondescriptions, digitised material 75
    • Membership can be forindividual universities or forconsortium (groups) of libraries.The latter is cheaper. 76
    • So membership of TEL is oneelement in making the localglobal. 77
    • 2) Providing authentication 3) Assisting digital literacy 4) Establishing and enhancing communities5) Publishing, exposing and preserving content6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity6) Creating special collections identity 78
    • Libraries have an importantrole to play. But it’sdifferent.Alastair DunningThe European Libraryalastair.dunning@kb.nl / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org / info@theeuropeanlibrary.org 79
    • Credits• Key - http://www.flickr.com/photos/32814074@N00/3281326965/• Stepping Stones - http://www.flickr.com/photos/oatsy40/6818869372/• Catching the Rain - http://www.flickr.com/photos/pandiyan/75545427/• Worry Lines - http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltman/5405842696/• Chopok, Slovakia - http://www.flickr.com/photos/kabacim/6016060466/• Flat Surfaces (Holland) - http://www.flickr.com/photos/wildphotons/2303958845/• Aberdeen University Library (Copyright Adam Mork) via http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2012/jan/08/aberdeen-university-library-a• Alan Gilbert Learning Commons - http://jrulenginfo.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/alan-gilbert-learning-commons/