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Constellations Constellations Presentation Transcript

  • Emmalee G. Alex X.
  • Constellations
    • Stars formed together to make a shape, person or any other figure
    • Helps divide the sky into bits
    • Makes it easier to find stars and planets
  • Constellations
    • Total of eighty-eight constellations
    • Greeks named and recognized 48 of the known constellations; Tolomeo a Greek mathematician and astronomer described 48 of them
  • Constellation: Names
    • Named according to what they looked like in the sky
    • Names were translated into Latin
    • Latin was called the language of learning
    • Names given by the Greeks and Egyptians
  • Constellation: Meanings
    • Each constellation refers to mythological and/or legendary men, women and animals
    • Were also seen by Arabs, Egyptians, and Babylonians
    • Meanings related with historical-like times, people, figures, etc.
    • 1928 International Astronomy Union solidified boundaries for all 88 constellations
  • Hercules: In Greek…
    • Named after Hercules, the Roman mythological hero
    • Adopted from the Greek Heracles
    • Hercules was a great warrior in Greek mythology
    • Constellations such as Leo , Draco , the dragon, Cancer , plus others were defeated by him (placed in the sky to honor his victories)
  • Hercules cont.
    • Consists of 106 stars
    • 7 of them are orbited by extra solar planets (extra solar planets are planets that orbit a star other than the Sun)
    • 5 th largest constellation
    • Leading star is called “Alpha Her”
    • Alpha Her is a red supergiant
  • Gemini, The Twins: Location
    • “ Gemini” means twin
    • Visible in Fall; best seen in Winter
    • Found easily due to almost perfect symmetry between the stars
    • Northern Hemisphere near Cancer and Auriga
  • Gemini, The Twins: Constellation
    • Contains two bright stars; Castor and Pollux
    • Two brightest stars are named after the two brothers
    • Constellation of the zodiac
    • zodiac meaning a belt-shaped
    • region on either side of the
    • elliptic
    • elliptic meaning the “belt” that
    • the sun moves in
  • Canis Major: About
    • Means “Great Dog”
    • Easiest seen November through
    • March
    • Found in the Southern Hemisphere
    • One of the 48 constellations on Ptolemy's list
    • Canis Major and Minor are said to be Orion’s hunting dogs; Canis Major is the larger dog
  • Canis Major: Sirius
    • Contains Sirius, the brightest star (makes this constellation one of the most important)
    • Called the “Dog Star”; from the Greek meaning “The Sparkling”
    • Only things brighter than the star
    • Sirius are Earth’s Moon,
    • Venus, Mars and Jupiter
  • Works Cited
    • ” Bayer., Johann. &quot;Constellations, history, identification.&quot; Mallorca @ MallorcaWeb: Mallorca travel and local guide (map, pictures, accommodation,... . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.mallorcaweb.net/masm/descon1.htm>.
    • &quot;Canis Major (abbr. CMa, gen. Canis Majoris).&quot; The Worlds of David Darling . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia
    • &quot; Canis Major .&quot; UW Astronomy . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.astro.wisc.edu/~dolan
    • &quot; Canis Major .&quot; UW Astronomy . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.astro.wisc.edu/~dolan/constellations/constellations/Canis_Major.html>.
    • &quot;Canis Major.&quot; Windows to the Universe . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/the_universe/Constellations/canis_major.html>.
  • Works Cited
    • &quot;Constellation Canis Major.&quot; Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS) . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://seds.org/Maps/Stars_en/Fi
    • &quot;Constellation Canis Major.&quot; Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS) . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://seds.org/Maps/Stars_en/Fig/canismajor.html>.
    • &quot;Constellation Gemini.&quot; Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS) . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://seds.org/Maps/Stars_en/
    • &quot;eCUIP : The Digital Library : Science : Cultural Astronomy.&quot; eCUIP : The Digital Library Project . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/phenom_stars_images-1b.html>.
    • e-Laws. &quot;International Astronomical Union | IAU.&quot; International Astronomical Union | IAU . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://www.iau.org/>.
    • &quot;Facts about the Hercules Constellation.&quot; Find Health, Education, Science & Technology Articles, Reviews, How-To and Tech Tips At Bright Hub - Apply To Be A Writer Today! . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.brighthub.com/science
  • Works Cited
    • &quot;File:Hercules constellation map.png - Wikimedia Commons.&quot; Wikimedia Commons . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://commons.wikimedia.org
    • &quot;Gemini - definition of Gemini by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia..&quot; Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Gemini>.
    • &quot;Google Earth Visualization » Google Sky Constellation Boundaries.&quot; Google Earth Visualization . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://www.barnabu.co.uk/google-sky-constellation-boundaries/>.
    • &quot;Hercules .&quot; Windows to the Universe . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour
    • &quot;Museum Victoria.&quot; Musium Victoria. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <museumvictoria.com.au/pages/297
    • &quot;Name of Stars in Gemini Constellation » Global Star Registry™.&quot; Global Star Registry™ . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://blog.globalstarregistry.org/name-of-stars-in-gemini-constellation/>.
  • Works Cited
    • &quot;Spring Sky Tour: Gemini the Twins.&quot; Smoky Mountain Astronomical Society Home & Club News . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.smokymtnastro.org/Seasons/Spring/Spring%20Sky%20Tour%20Gemini%20the%20Twins.htm>.
    • &quot;The Stellar Guide: Canis Major.&quot; Bot Productions . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.botproductions.com
    • &quot;Tolomeo Claudio.&quot; Genetica del Pollo . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2010. <http://www.summagallicana.it/lessico/t/Tolomeo%20Caludio.htm>.
    • &quot;WikiAnswers - What is the meaning of Gemini constellation.&quot; WikiAnswers - The Q&A wiki . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_meaning_of_Gemini_constellation>.
    • scopes)., amateur. &quot;Constellation Hercules.&quot; Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS) . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://seds.org/Maps/Stars_en