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Female reproductive organ, exposiory-deductive method, female reproductive system anatomy

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Female reproductive organ, exposiory-deductive method, female reproductive system anatomy

Female reproductive organ, exposiory-deductive method, female reproductive system anatomy


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  • 1. Activity: “What am I”
  • 2. There are 6 riddles prepared for you to guess. Everyone may participate. The first one to stand and say the right answer will get a prize after our discussion.
  • 3. I’m not a person, I’m not an animal but I sip blood. I sometimes have wings but can’t fly. What am I?
  • 4. Sanitary Napkin
  • 5. I am good at concealing what’s real and hide what’s true. Sometimes, I bring out the courage in you. What am I?
  • 6. Make-up
  • 7. I may be made of metal, bone or wood and have many teeth. My bite hurts no one and the ladies love me. What am I?
  • 8. Comb
  • 9. I can be long or short. I can be grown or brought. I can be painted or left bare. My tip can be round or square. What am I?
  • 10. Fingernails
  • 11. I won’t break if you throw me off from the highest building but I will break if you place me in the ocean. What am I?
  • 12. Tissue Paper
  • 13. If you drop me I’m sure to crack but give me a smile and I’ll always smile back. What am I?
  • 14. Mirror
  • 15. Female Reproductive System Part 1 Ibangelio, Laira Joyce P. Rivera, Roland Audrey III-9 BSE Biology
  • 16. The Female reproductive system provides suitable environment for the development of embryo until delivery.
  • 17. Provides suitable environment • External organs • Internal organs • Role of hormones
  • 18. External Organs
  • 19. A. Vulva-wrapper or covering (also known as pudendum) Mons Pubis • firm cushion-like elevation of adipose tissue covered by pubic hair • It is the site where two Labia Majora meet anteriorly.
  • 20. Labia Majora • two prominent, rounded folds of skin.
  • 21. Pudendal cleft • is the space between two Labia Majora Labia Minora • pair of thin, longitudinal folds that occupies pudendal cleft
  • 22. Prepuce • where the two Labia Minora unite over clitoris to form a fold skin
  • 23. Clinical Peritoneum • is the region between anus and vagina • contains skin and muscle that can be torn during childbirth. • Episiotomy is the incision of clinical peritoneum to avoid tearing.
  • 24. B. Vestibule-split between labia minora Hymen • thin covering of mucous membrane of the vaginal opening
  • 25. Vaginal Orifice • occupies 2/3 of the vestibule • contains Bartholin’s gland that elaborates mucous secretion that acts as a lubricant during sexual intercourse
  • 26. Urethral orifice • 4 to 6 mm in diameter • posterior to clitoris and anterior to vaginal orifice • functions for discharging urine
  • 27. Clitoris • pea-shaped projection that is important in sexual excitation of the female • contains nerves, erectile tissues and blood vessels • Associated with Penis
  • 28. Female circumcision originated in Egypt (as observed on mummies 163 BC) and adapted by countries within Middle East, central South Africa and Southeast Asia.
  • 29. Internal Organs
  • 30. Vagina • tubular canal 4-6 inches in length extending from vestibule to uterus; • vaginal wall has muscle layer capable of constriction and enormous dilation;
  • 31. • part of birth canal and functions to receive the penis during sexual intercourse. • It also allows menstrual flow and childbirth.
  • 32. Uterus/womb • is as big as a medium-sized pear. • oriented in the pelvic cavity with the larger, rounded part directed superiorly. • It functions for the implantation of the fertilized egg;
  • 33. Parts of the uterus: • Fundus-superior to the entrance of uterine tube • Body-main part of the uterus • Cervix-narrow part near vagina
  • 34. Ectopic pregnancy
  • 35. Walls of the uterus • Perimetrium • Myometrium • Endometrium
  • 36. Fallopian tube • named after Italian anatomist Gabrielle Fallopio. • Extends from the area of ovaries to the uterus • Opens directly into the peritoneal cavity near each ovary and receive the oocyte • The opening of the uterine tube is surrounded by long, thin, process called fimbriae
  • 37. Parts of fallopian tube • Isthmus • Ampulla • Infundibulum • Fimbriae
  • 38. Ovaries • Small ovoid body (almond shape). • is the site for oogenesis and production of female hormones
  • 39. • it is attached to the mesovarium which also conducts blood vessels into the organ • The outer layer of each ovary is packed with follicles, each consisting of oocyte a partially developed egg, surrounded by a group of support cells
  • 40. Role of HormonesUterus is where the baby is found during pregnancy, and due to pregnancy placenta is developed. Placenta Functions for: • Barrier • Immune Protection • Site of Exchange • Secretion of Hormones
  • 41. Development of Embryo• Fertilization • Early cell division (cleavage) • Formation of Germ layer (Gastrulation) • Neurolation • Organogenesis
  • 42. Fertilizati on
  • 43. Cleavag e
  • 44. Gastrulati on
  • 45. Neurolati on
  • 46. Organogenesis
  • 47. Parturition (delivery) • Accessory organ (breast) • Role of Oxytocin
  • 48. Accessory Organ (Breast)
  • 49. Nipple • a structure from which a fluid emanates. More specifically, it is the projection on the breasts or u dder of a mammal by which breast milk is delivered to a mother's young.
  • 50. Areola • is any small circular area on the body coloured differently from the surrounding tissue. • The term is most commonly used to describe the pigmented area on the human breast arou nd the nipple (areola mammae).
  • 51. Lobes • Each adult female mammary gland usually consists of 15- 20 glandular lobes by a considerable amount of adipose tissue. • It is primarily this superficial fat that gives the breast its form.
  • 52. Each lobe possesses a single lactiferous duct that opens independently to the surface of nipple.
  • 53. Lactiferous sinus • Small, spindle shaped • Accumulates milk during milk production.
  • 54. Role of Oxytocin
  • 55. End.