ENLIGHTENMENT MEN Ano ba ang Enlightenment? Ito ay ang panahon na ang mga tao a namumulat na sa katotohanan sa kanilang kapaligiran, tulad ng kaalaman sa Siyensya , arkitektura, supnayan, at maging sa politika ang panahon na ito ay bunga ng Renaissance.
Thomas Hobbes omas kilala sa tawag na Thomas Hobbsof Malmsbury IsangEnglish Philosopher na mas nakilala sa kanyang nagawang “Political Philosophy”
Noong April 5 1588 Sya ay ipinanganak sa Westport, nangayon ay bahagi na ng Malmesbury sa Wiltshire, England
Ang kanyang ina ay isang Spanish Armada, noon ngay sinabi ni Hobbes“my mother gave birth to twins: myself and fear” -Hobbes
Ang kanyang Ama ay Thomas din angpangalan, isang Vicar ng Charlton at Westport. Si Thomas Sr. Ay iiwan ang kanyang mga anak spara alagaan ang kanyang kapatid.
Si Hobbes ay naga- aral sa WestportChurch sa edad na apat , sya ay nakapasa saMalmesbury School at sa isangpribadong paaralansa tulong ni Robert Latimer na nakapagtapos saUniversity of Oxford
Hobbess first area of study was an interest in the physicaldoctrine of motion and physical momentum. Despite hisinterest in this phenomenon, he disdained experimentalwork as in physics. He went on to conceive the system ofthought to the elaboration of which he would devote hislife. His scheme was first to work out, in a separatetreatise, a systematic doctrine of body, showing howphysical phenomena were universally explicable in terms ofmotion, at least as motion or mechanical action was thenunderstood. He then singled out Man from the realm ofNature and plants. Then, in another treatise, he showedwhat specific bodily motions were involved in theproduction of the peculiar phenomena of sensation,knowledge, affections and passions whereby Man cameinto relation with Man. Finally he considered, in hiscrowning treatise, how Men were moved to enter intosociety, and argued how this must be regulated if Men werenot to fall back into "brutishness and misery". Thus heproposed to unite the separate phenomena of Body, Man,and the State.Thomas Hobbes (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Noong 1642 nagumpisa angEnglish Civil War, atang kapangyarihan ng mga maharlika ay nanghina, at sakalagitnaan ng 1644 nagkaroon ng“Exodus” ang mgahari at mga maharlikadahil sa pagbagsak ng kanilang
Noong taong 1647si Thomas Hobbesay nagingMathematicalInstructor niCharles na Prince ofWales
When in November 1640 the LongParliament succeeded the Short,Hobbes felt he was a marked man by the circulationof his treatise and fled to Paris. He did not returnfor eleven years. In Paris he rejoined the coterieabout Mersenne, and wrote a critique of theMeditations on First Philosopy of Descartes whichwas printed as third among the sets of "Objections"appended, with "Replies" from Descartes in 1641. Adifferent set of remarks on other works byDescartes succeeded only in ending allcorrespondence between the two.– World History and Civ. MarvinPerry
At ang isa pang sikat na gawa ni Thomas Hobbes ay ang kanyang translation ng Thucydides: Peloponnesian War
In Leviathan, Hobbes set out his doctrine of the Leviathanfoundation of States and legitimategovernments originating Social Contract Theory-Oxford Encyclopaedia online
Taong 1650 isang pekeng edisyonng The Elements of Law,Natural and Politics ay naimprenta.Ito ay nahahati sa dalawang bahagiHuman Nature, or the FundamentalElements of Policie and Decorpore politico, or the Elementsof Law, Moral and Politick
Sa taong 1651 ang pagsasalin ng De Cive ay naimprenta sa titulong Philosophicall Rudiments concerning Government and Society Sa kabilang banda, ang papaimprenta ng kanyang mgagawa ay nagpatuloy hanggang sa kalagiytnaan ng 1651
Ang iba pa nyang mgakinilalang mga gawa ay Leviathan or the Matter , Forme and Power of a Common Wealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil
Sources:BooksWorld History Marvin PerryBatay sa Bagong Korikulum, KASAYSAYAN NG ASYA, isang iskolaring pag-aaral. Emmanuel S. Gonzales MAInternetThomas Hobbes (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)-Oxford Encyclopaedia onlinehttp://www.galleryhistoricalfigures.com/figu redetail.php?abvrname=JohnCalvinCL