The dog and his Reflection Once upon s time, in a town somewhere in France, lived a greedy straydog. The filthy dog would always hang around the marketplace,scavenging for food. He would jump into the rubbish dump and mess upthe place. This casued the people to be angry with him. They would alwayschase him away. One morning, the dog arrived very early and hid himself behind someempty boxes. He was eying a large chunk pf freshly cut meat at a butchersstall nearly. The throught of the juicy meat made the dog salivate. “Oh, boy! How wonderful if i can sink my teeth into that juicy meat,”thought the dog. While the dog was entertaining his thought, the butcher was busychopping and selling his meat. For a moment when the butcher was not looking, the dog sprang up andsnatched the cunk of meat with his mouth, and ran off. The angry butchergave chase, but the dog was too fast for him. The hungry dog had not eaten for two days. Therefore, he was veryhappy for having stolen such a juicy chunk of meat. He decided to getwasy as far as possible to enjoy eating the meat in peace. Meanwhile, back at the marketplace, the butcher was cursing his luckfor lusing such an expensive piece of meat. The dog kept on running with the chunk of meat in his mouth. A shortwhile later, he came to a narrow stream. To cross the stream, he had towalk along a piece of plank which served as a temporary bridge.
While holding the meat firmly in his mouth, the dog trotted across theriver. But half wasy through, he stopped. He peered into the stream belowbecause he thought he saw another dog with a bigger chunk of meat in hismouth. The greedy dog did not know that it was only his own reflection inthe water. “Wow! That dog has a bigger piece of meat,” he thought. “ i must have it, too!” Thinking that he could scare the other dog away, and then grab the meatfrom his mouth, the greedy dog started to bark loudly. But, as a soon as heopened his mouth, his own chunk of meat dropped into the stream andsank to the bottom. Alas, he then realised too late that it was just hisreflection in the water. How sad the foolish dog was! He was already on his way to enjiy a goodmeal but due to his greed and foolishness he had to go hungry again. The poor dog lamented his loss! “ How stupid of me! I have to go to themarket to look for food again!” said the dog.Moral: A person should not be too greedy when he already has enough forhimself.Glossary:•scavenging – looking for food in a rubbish dump.•salivate – to produce saliva•cursing – speaking angrily
•reflection – the image of something in the water•realised – suddenly understood something•lamented – expressed sadness and regretQuestions:1.What did the dog do in the marketplace?2.What made the dog salivate?3.How did the dog cross the stream?4.What did he see in the water?5.What dropped into the stream? The rich man and the Cobbler Once, a certain young man inherited a fortune from his grandfather whohad passed away. He became a very walthy man overnight. He never hadto waork anymore. He lived in a very big house with a swimming pool and a tennis court.Every evening, he invited his frineds to his house for a party. They had awonderful time eating, singing and dancing. Although he was rich, he always appeared to be sad. He didi not smile orlaugh for a long time. He could not sleep at night because he was worried that someone mightsteal his money. During the day, he could not sleep either, becasue of thesinging and noises coming from the neighbours house. His neighbour was a cobbler. Although he earned just enough to feed his
family, he was a happy-go-lucky man. It was such a joy to see him singingor whistling while he was working till late at nigh. The rich man was irritated at the cobblers singing. “I have to go andshut him up!” shouted the rich man angrily. On reaching the cobblers house, the rich man asked, “Mr Cobbler,seeing that youre working so hard, are you earning enough to feed yourfamily?” “Enough, my frined,” relied the cobbler. “But no extra dor any saving.” “How sad! Said the rich man. “You are an honest and hardworking man.Please accept this bag of gold coins as a gift from me.” “Thank you, Sir. Youre very kind,” said the cobbler with a big smile. Ehrn the rich man had left, the cobbler quickly kept the money in acupboard. For the rest of the day, the cobbler could not work properly as him mindwas on the bag of gold coins. There was no msre singing. At night, the cobbler could not sleep properly. He would repeatedlydream of someone stealing the money in the cupboard. Then he wouldwake up suddenly covered with sweat. “I must hide the money elsewhere,” thought the cobbler. He dug a holeunder a mango tree behind his house, and hid the money there. The cobbler had become a changed man. He could not concentrate onhis work and he could not sing anymore. At night, he could not sleepbecause he was worried that a cat or dog would dig up the bag of gold andhide it somewhere else. “What should I do? Moaned the cobbler with anguish. “Return the
money?” The next morining, the cobbler dug up the bag of gold and took it to therich mans house. “Sir, Im here to return the bag of gold,” said the cobbler. “Ever since Ireceived this money, Ive been having sleepless nights and I could notwork prorely. It has brought misery to me and my family.”Moral: A person can be just as happy even without a lot of money.Glossary:•inherited – received money or a property from someone who passed away•fortune – a large amount of money•irritated – angry•repeatedly – many times•concentrate – give attention•misery – unhappiness The donkey and the wolf One morning, a frisky young donkey was enjoying himslef, grazing in ameadow. The donkey had been grazzing there for several months. “ Ive heard the grass on the other side of the hilss is fresher andsweeter,” said the donkey to himself. “Why dont I go there tommorow?” Just as he had finished eating, he raised his head and looked around.Suddenly, he saw a hungry- liiking wolf coming his way!
The wolf had already seen him and there was no was he could hide orrun away. Then he had a plan. He pretended to walk with a limp towards the wolf.Surprised at the donkeys action, the worf asked,“Are you looking for trouble?” You kinow Im going to eat you, and still youwalk towards me.” the donkey answered, “There is nothing i can do about it. Its my destinyto be eaten by you. So, why should I run away?”“ I quite agree with you,” said the wolf. “But at least, you could make aneffort to hide from me. You can hide in the cave nearby or behind thosetrees over there. We can play a game of hide and seek before I eat you.”“That will be fun, wont it?” cimmented the donkey. The donkey explained further, “But, Mr Wolf, before you eat me, I have arequest to make. Just now, while I was kumping over a ditch, a splinterpierced into my left hind hoof. Could you be as so kind as to remove it, elseit might get stuck in your throat later?” The wolf throught for a while, and he agreed with the donkey. “ Thank you for telling me about the splinter. I know that if im not careful,it can cut my throat or even choke me,” said the wolf. So saying, he asked the donkey to raise his hind leg for him to pull outthe splinter. “ Wheres the slinter? Wheres the splinter?” asked the wolf with his eyesopened wide, liiking for the splinter. “Here!” shouted the donkey, as he gave the wolf a really hard kick on thegace with all his streangth.
The full impact of the kick forced the wolf to flee in pain with a bloodynose and some broken teeth. For a while, the badly injured wolf was not saeen again. While nursinghis wounds somewhere inside a dark cave, the poor wolf was heardlamenting his bad luck, “My father has only taught me how to kill to be abutcher, but I was trying to heal to be a doctor. It has brought about mydownfall.”Moral: We should stick to what we can do best, and not try somthing weare not familiar with.Glossary:•grazing – eating grass•pretended – behaved as if it was true•destiny – final outcome in the future•splinter – a small sharp broken piece of wood•impact – the force of one object hitting another•heal – make someone well againQuestions:1.What was yhe donkey doing ion the meadow?2.What did the donkey see when he raised his head?3.Where could the donkey hide?4.When did the wolf run away?5.What did the wolfs father teach him to do?
The Baker and the Wooden Barrel. Once upon a time, in a small town in Scicily, there lived a baker namedJosh. He made the best bread in town. Everybody loved to eat his bread. It was soft and delicious, and people did not mind queueing up to buy hisbread. The other bakeries in town had to close down becuase of his bread. Josh owned a unique wooden barrel given to him by his greatgrandfather. He used the barrel to collect the water from a mountainstream nearby. The water became sweet when left overninght in the barrel.He then used it to knead the dough until it became soft. He baked thebread from the dough. Words soon spread to the villages nearby and the nearest town, thatJosh made the best bread in the world. Josh was not a selfish man. Although it was his family secret, he did notmind telling people that it was the water in the barrel that did the trick. When his friends and neighbours heard about his special wooden barrel,they came and borrowed it from him. Being a generouse man, he would always say,” Go ahead. You can useit for a few days.” Some of his neighbours even tried to make bread using the water, butsomehow it didnt turn out the same. Joshs good friend, who was a wine merchant from the neighbouringtown, also heard about the barrel. One morning, he paid Jish a visit. “Josh, Ive heard about your wonderful barrel. May I orrow it for a fewdays?” asked his friend. “Certainly,” replied Josh” Hope youll find it
useful.?” Several days later, the wine merchant returnmed the barrel to Josh. Itwas still in yhe good condition. The cover was tight.Jowever, when Josh opened it, he could smell the aroma of wine comingfrom within the barrel. Then he realized that his friend had used it to keep his wine. The winehad seeped into the wood of the barrel. When Josh used it again, thewater smelt of wine. Whatever was kept inside the barrel also smelt ofwine. Whatever was kept inside the barrel would have the smell of wine.“What should I do now?” thoughy Josh sadly. He tried many ways to get rid of the smell. He filled it up with water, andthen added salt and vinegar. He washed it thoroughly Finally, he steamedit over an oven. But all did not seem to work. “Without the use of the barrel, my bread will never be the same again,”moaned the baker.Moral: Once a person has acquired a bad habit, such as smoking ordrinking, it is difficult for him to get rid of it.Glossary:•delicious – having a very pleasant taste or smell•unigue – unusual being the only one of its kind.•Secret – knowledge unknown to others•generous – willing to help others•aroma – a strong pleasant smell