ROLLIE Welcome to the Slips, Trips, and Falls training session. We hope this training will provide you with information that will help you create a safer work environment for you and your coworkers. Slips, trips, and falls are the leading cause of injuries to State of Wisconsin employees. Broken legs and arms, broken hips, severe back injuries and concussions are typical injuries resulting from a slip, trip or fall. These injuries can be painful and often require long recovery periods but fortunately, most injuries can be prevented. This web cast will identify common slip, trip and fall risks in your workplace to help you avoid an accident or injury to yourself or your co-workers.
ERIN More than likely, we have all either slipped, tripped, or fallen and hurt ourselves at some point in our lives. So how do slips, trips, and falls happen? (CLICK) A slip occurs when there is little traction or friction between the shoe and the walking surface. (CLICK) A trip occurs when a person’s foot contacts an object in their way or drops to a lower level unexpectedly, causing them to be thrown off-balance. (CLICK) A fall occurs when you are too far off balance. This web cast will focus on incidents related to work situations that you may encounter at your workplace.
ROLLIE There are two types of falls: The first type is a fall on the same level. This is also the most common type. The second type is a fall from an elevation. This typically occurs on stairs or from ladders, platforms, or loading decks and can cause serious injury. In this web cast, we’ll show you examples of both same level and elevation falls in the workplace.
ERIN Computer and telephone cords tucked under desks and run across walking pathways cause injuries every year. Make sure the computer cords and cables in and around your workspace are tied together and placed securely out of the way. Unsecured electrical cords in aisles and workstations are also a common workplace hazard. Typically this occurs when a device is plugged into an electrical outlet on another wall, away from the actual device, or again, when the cords are not properly secured. When you see this in your workplace, let your supervisor know. Your supervisor should then contact maintenance to help solve the problem.
ROLLIE Spills on floors at work are another common hazard. What should you do to reduce the risk of injury?
ROLLIE A spill of any type on any floor should be cleaned-up immediately to save a co-worker from slipping. If you are able to clean it up yourself, you may choose to do so. If not, contact your maintenance area to take care of the spill. If the spill cannot be cleaned up immediately, using a sign to warn everyone of the wet floor is a good interim, preventive measure. Regardless of how the spill occurred, this is not a situation in which to believe the myth, “Someone else will do it”. While this may be true, before someone has the chance to clean up the spill, a co-worker could get seriously injured. Always remember, safety is everyone’s responsibility. Now, let’s take a look at a few more workplace hazards.
ERIN Mats are frequently used to keep moisture, oil, grease or debris off of smooth surfaced floors. When used properly, mats help avoid potential injuries. When the mat is folded back however, it can quickly become the cause of an accident. Anyone could catch their foot on the mat and take a terrible fall. When you see a folded mat like this, and if you are able, please take the time to unfold it. If unable to do so, contact someone who can, such as your facility maintenance area.
ERIN As with some of the other pictures we’ve seen today, general housekeeping lapses often create the potential for serious injuries. This is a picture of a stairwell with several safety hazards, many of which are trip hazards. How many of these trip hazards can you identify? WAIT A FEW SECONDS… Finished? Let’s go through them one-by-one. See the trash cans in front of the doorway outside of the stairway? Anyone carrying a package or turning their head momentarily at precisely the wrong time when entering or exiting the stairwell could trip over these trash cans. Trash cans should never be placed in walkways or near stairway entrances or exits. Here we also see a cinderblock used to prop open a stairway door. Anyone could run into the cinderblock, twisting an ankle, breaking a toe or falling to the hard surface floor and sustaining an even more severe injury. Also, stairway doors, when closed, serve to prevent fires from spreading. An open door will not help to contain a fire. The board up against the wall is also a trip hazard. Another is the chair. Stairways should not be used for storage. If you come across a cluttered stairway, please report this to either your supervisor or your facility maintenance area immediately.
ROLLIE Here you see a portion of the sidewalk has given way to a sink-hole. If you look in the upper left hand corner you will see a warning barricade. If a barricade is not already in place, contact your maintenance area immediately. Any time a hole is identified on a walking surface, barricades or warning indicators should be immediately installed around the hole to prevent a trip and fall. The barricade will not fix the hole. But if you see one placed near any hazard, you’ll know that your facility is already working on permanently resolving the problem area before an accident happens.
ERIN Slip, trip, and fall hazards also exist in office settings. It’s important to close your desk and file cabinet drawers immediately after each use. Employees quickly refocus to the tasks they’re working on and forget they’ve left a drawer open. Later, when turning to leave their workspace, a worker can turn hard and fast into the open drawer or even trip over it. Painful leg and ankle injuries can occur by leaving drawers open. Also keep the floor around your workspace free of boxes, cords, cables, materials, and other objects. You might be surprised how easily the objects in your workspace can become hazards. Since it’s your workspace and often your safety at stake, please do whatever you can to keep your work area safe and injury-free.
ROLLIE Here you see a picture in a warehouse where the traffic pathway is well marked and free of obstacles. Keeping pathways free of materials, equipment, and other objects will greatly reduce the potential for injury. And remember to keep cables, cords, wires, and hoses secured, and away from walkways and other paths of travel.
ERIN Stairs are another area where falls often occur. Here you see someone who is about to fall. She’s not holding the handrail. If she were, she might be able to correct her balance before she falls. Falling down the stairs can cause serious injuries with long recovery times. Always hold the handrail when climbing or descending stairs, don’t rush, don’t skip steps, and don’t carry anything that will compromise your ability to hold the handrail.
ERIN If you have an awkward or large load to carry, always use a cart. When you’re transporting that load to another floor, take the elevator – NEVER take the stairs. Whether you are on the stairs or walking across the floor, you should never carry a load you can’t see over or around.
ERIN Always check to be sure that your pathway is unobstructed and your view is clear before you lift anything and carry small loads close to your body for better balance. The woman on the right is violating two rules of safety. She is carrying too much to handle and she cannot see over or around the boxes. She should take two trips, use a cart, or get some assistance in order to avoid an accident. During your typical workday, you will see many potential safety hazards. You’ve seen several in today’s web cast. Let’s take a look at a few more.
ROLLIE Here’s something seen far too often. NEVER use any chair as a ladder, but especially never use a folding chair or a chair with casters. This is very dangerous and if an employee falls it would almost certainly cause an injury. Ladders are specifically designed to help you safely step up and extend your reach. If you need a box that’s too high to reach, need to change a light bulb on the ceiling, or need something on a high shelf, ask for assistance from either your supervisor or a fellow employee who is able to assist you. If a ladder is used, make sure the worker climbing the ladder is qualified and comfortably doing so. Never jeopardize your safety or that of a co-worker and remember, a chair is not a ladder and should NEVER be used to stand on for any reason.
ROLLIE Ladders serve as helpful tools around the workplace but can quickly become a hazard if not used correctly. Be sure to: Have a good hand-hold before stepping up. Place your foot on the step or rung just in front of your heel, under the arch. Make sure you have three points of contact, and NEVER stand on the top of a ladder.
ERIN Heavy work equipment, whether used indoors or out, is often muddy, wet or greasy. These conditions present a hazard to employees entering and exiting the unit. To help avoid an injury, first make sure the equipment’s running board, tread, step, foothold, and platform are dry and clean of any contamination. Also: Make sure to clean your footwear; Face equipment when entering and exiting; Have a good hand-hold before stepping up or down; and, Place your foot fully under your arch on the step or foothold.
ERIN The pictures you see here are excellent examples of how to use three points of contact when entering or exiting a truck or large piece of equipment, or, when climbing up or down a ladder. Do you see the man pictured here in the illustration using one hand and two feet or using two hands and one foot? This is the correct way to enter equipment. Also, never jump off or out of when exiting the bed of a truck or any other part of equipment. Instead, step down carefully while facing equipment.
ROLLIE Your work activities may also take you outdoors where additional hazards exist. Be careful on wet grass, mud, gravel and in parking lots. Pay attention everywhere you walk. Be aware of outdoor hazards that can cause you to slip, trip, or fall. Pay extra attention if you are walking near a construction area or an area where maintenance work is being performed.
ERIN Wearing the right footwear for your job will help prevent or reduce your risk of having a slip, trip, and fall incident. Make sure your footwear: Fits snugly and comfortably; Is slip-resistant with good tread; Is clean and in good condition at all times; and, Is repaired or replaced when necessary No footwear has anti-slip properties for every condition, so remember to always use caution at work.
ERIN Here are some examples of soles you should use for various work environments. If you’re not sure about which footwear is the most appropriate for your work environment, ask your supervisor or do some research online or in the store.
ROLLIE You’ve seen a number of common workplace hazards and many ways to help alleviate and avoid accidents and injuries. The good news.... ? Slips, trips and falls are preventable and you are in the best position to prevent them. Here are some safety tips.
ERIN We are all busy multi-taskers at work, doing more than one thing at a time. But we still need to play it safe while doing our work. So, Pay attention to your surroundings; Look where you are going; When walking or going up or down the stairs, don’t engage in activities that distract your attention; and Do not read, write, text, or dial when you are walking.
ROLLIE Be sure to watch for any change in surface texture from one type of walking surface to another so you can adjust your pace and stride accordingly; Take extra care when you come indoors with wet shoes; and, Slow down and take small careful steps if the surface is uneven, cluttered, slippery or inclined.
ERIN Maintain clear, tidy work areas free of clutter by: Following good housekeeping procedures. Don’t wait until you’re done with your project or unpacking boxes to throw unnecessary materials away. Throw materials away immediately, while you’re working. You may save someone from tripping over your materials. Fix hazards such as small spills and cluttered walkways if you are able to do so; Use caution when entering/exiting vehicles and equipment and when climbing and descending ladders and stairs; and, Report hazards promptly before an accident happens.
ROLLIE The best way to prevent an incident is to be aware and prepared for possible dangerous situations. When you “go where you are looking and look where you are going” and, report potential hazards immediately, you help reduce workplace accidents and injuries and create a safer work environment for everyone.
ROLLIE Remember, accidents at work are preventable. Be sure to: Pay attention Be proactive, and Be careful Thank you for watching this web cast and always remember, safety is everyone’s responsibility.
Slips trips falls working surfaces ppt
What are Slips, Trips & Falls?
A slip occurs when there
is too little traction or
friction between the
shoe and walking
A trip occurs when a person’s foot
contacts an object in their way or
drops to a lower level unexpectedly,
causing them to be thrown off-balance.
A fall occurs when you
are too far off balance.
What are Slips, Trips & Falls?
There are two types of falls:
From ElevationWhen you fall to
the surface you are
walking on. Same
level falls are more
When you fall to a
level below the one
you are walking on.
elevation are more
Falls From: • Ladders
• Loading docks
•Install electrical, data,
and telephone outlets
•Secure cables and cords
with tape or cord covers
Work Organization and Tidiness
• Close your desk, cabinets,
and file drawers and
doors immediately after
• Keep the floor around
your workspace free of
boxes, cords, cables,
materials, and other
objects.Organized and tidy work space
Work Organization and Tidiness
• Keep walkways and
aisles clear of materials,
equipment, and other
• Keep cables, cords,
wires, and hoses away
from walkways and
other paths of travel
Pathway is clearly marked and free
Be Careful on the Stairs
•Always use the
•Do not rush and
anything that will
ability to hold onto
Be Careful on the Stairs
•When going to
take the elevator if
you are carrying
things requiring the
use of both hands.
•NEVER carry a load
you can’t see over or
around. Use a cart.
•Have a good hand-hold
before stepping up.
•Place your foot on the
step or rung just in
front of your heel,
under the arch.
•Always make sure you
have three points of
•NEVER stand on the
top of a ladder.
• Clean footwear of mud,
paint, grease, or any other
• Make sure running board,
tread, step, foothold, and
platform of equipment are
also clean and dry of any
• Always face equipment
when entering and exiting.
• Place your foot on the step
or foothold just in front of
your heel, under the arch.
• Maintain three-point contact at all times while getting onto/off
of the equipment until reaching ground, cab, or stable platform.
Courtesy of Construction Safety Association of
• Step down or up carefully while facing equipment.
• Do not jump off when entering/exiting bed of a truck or other
part of the equipment.
Three-point contact examples:
– one hand, two feet
– two hands, one foot
Wear Proper Footwear
Wearing the right footwear for your work
environment will help prevent or reduce slip, trip,
and fall incidences.
• Footwear should fit snugly and
• Keep your footwear clean and in
good condition at all times.
• Inspect regularly for any
damage; repair or replace worn
or defective footwear.
• Replace shoes or replace soles
before they become worn
The Right Footwear
for the Work
Wearing shoes with increased traction does not
substitute the need for safe walking practices!
Wear the appropriate type of footwear for your work place.
Work Environment Type of Sole
Kitchen Microcullular urethane, rubber soles
Machine shop (oily floors) Oil-resistant soles
Office Neoprene soles
Garage (rough concrete) Crepe Soles
•Pay attention to your
•Look where you are
going when you walk
•Do not engage in
activities that distract
•Do not read, write,
text, or dial while you
Ways to Prevent Slips, Trips, and Falls
•Walk carefully and slowly when you
transition from one type of walking surface
•Adjust your walking pace and stride.
•Take extra care when you come indoors
with wet shoes
•Slow down and take small careful steps if
the surface is uneven, cluttered, slippery or
Ways to Prevent Slips, Trips, and Falls
• Maintain clear, tidy work areas free of
• Follow good housekeeping procedures by
cleaning up and throwing out debris and
materials while you work
• Fix hazards such as small spills and
cluttered walkways if you are able to do
• Use caution when entering/exiting
vehicles and equipment and when
climbing and descending ladders
• Report hazards promptly
Ways to Prevent Slips, Trips, and Falls
• Go where you
and look where
you are going
• If you see a