Innovations of Copyright and
Intellectual Properties
PHOEBE SPENCE WILSON
INF/103 COMPUTER LITERACY
EDWYNE DUFFIE
AUGUST 1...
Key Topics
• What are intellectual properties?
• Application Steps
• Application Statistics
• Restrictive Technologies
• C...
What are Intellectual Properties?
Intellectual
Properties
Copyright
Patent
Trademark
Restrictive Technologies
• Copyright Infringement
• Piracy Laws
• Digital Rights Management
Copyright Infringement
Copyright Infringement Increasing
HANDOUTS
• WIPO Indicators 2012
• International patent filings
under the Patent
Cooperation Treaty
• International tradema...
International Statistics
Click for handout review
Controls-(bottom left) to end
Economical Benefits
• Music Industry
• Technology Industry
• Film Industry
References
• Bowles, M.D. (2010). Introduction to Computer Literacy. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
• Copyrigh...
• Handout 1 http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ipstats/en/wipi/pdf/infog_2012_wipo.pdf
• Handout 2a.b.c http://www.wipo....
"Innovations" of copyright and intellectual properties
"Innovations" of copyright and intellectual properties
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"Innovations" of copyright and intellectual properties

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  • Presenting to you today, the so-called innovations and how they have helped and will continue to help our U.S. economy.(Image 8)
  • (Image 1)
  • Basically there are three different kinds of intellectual properties: copyrights, patents, and trademarks.“Copyrightable works include the following categories:1 literary works2 musical works, including any accompanying words3 dramatic works, including any accompanying music4 pantomimes and choreographic works5 pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works6 motion pictures and other audiovisual works7 sound recordings8 architectural works” (Copyright Basics, 2012)“Trademark law consists of the legal rules by which businesses protect the names, logos, and other commercial signifiers used to identify their products and services. One of the principal goals of trademark law is to prevent consumers from being confused in the marketplace. Another goal is to prevent a business from trading off another business’s good will. (Good will is that mysterious factor by which consumers associate certain standards with a company).” (NOLO, 2013, p.1, para.1) “The term "trademark" is often used to refer to any of the four types of marks that can be registered with the USPTO. The two primary types of marks that can be registered with the USPTO are:Trademarks - used by their owners to identify goods, that is, physical commodities, which may be natural, manufactured, or produced, and which are sold or otherwise transported or distributed via interstate commerce.Service marks - used by their owners to identify services, that is, intangible activities, which are performed by one person for the benefit of a person or persons other than himself, either for pay or otherwise.” (Trademarks, 2012)(Images 2 and 3)
  • There are three simple steps for copyrights. Of course, you must make sure the name of your product has not already been taken, register your product online by giving your information to the U.S. copyright office, and pay a 35 dollar registration fee to have your copyright approved within a reasonable amount of time, at approximately just the couple months needed for processing. (Copyright Basics, 2012)Patents seem to be a little more difficult than getting your work copyrighted. They can actually deny your application more often then accept it and it is very much recommended that an attorney files it for you, whereas with a copyright a lawyer is unnecessary. 1. (Patent Process, 2012)Trademark registration is almost the same as the patent application, except it takes much longer. The same United States Patent and Trademark Office receives your application and after 3 to 4 months will contact you for review or corrections and then another 6 months until a decision is made. (Trademarks, 2012)
  • The United States Copyright Office within the Library of Congress in Washington D.C., receives approximately 600,000 copyright applications a year. There wouldn’t be any pending applications for copyright simply because a copyright is an automatic right. If you apply for a copyright, you are automatically approved, as long as the work is in fact original. (Copyright Basics, 2012)In 2012, there were 576,763 patent applications submitted to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. (Patent Process, 2012) The 1.2 million plus of patent pending applications shown here include patents that are still pending from previous years.To file for a trademark is the most expensive at anywhere from $275 to $375 per item. If the trademark is intended to be used in commerce there are additional fees on a per case basis. A portion of all of these fees are non-refundable for processing. Some total registration fees are non-refundable even if your patent or trademark does not get approved. (Trademarks, 2012)(Image 4)
  • These restrictive technologies although seemingly new, have been developing since the 1950s. We have been at this for years. In the 50s and 60s, publishers battled the Xerox 914 photocopier and many other manufacturers creating the copyright infringement “crime”, the music industry in the 70s fought the invention of cassette tapes claiming “hometaping is killing the music industry,” and now more recently peer-to-peer, otherwise known as P2P file sharing technology has been labeled as illegal and we now have piracy laws to adhere to. Even though it is nothing more than a new technology that is supposed to be paving the way for our future in technological innovations. There are many positive, functional, and even EDUCATIONAL ways to use P2P sharing, say throughout a university staff or student body for the distributions of electronic textbooks, that will not be recognized if Digital Rights Management, also known as DRM stifles our potential. (Griffin, 2012) It might be understandable to have these restrictive technologies in place if they were at the right time, but publishers of textbooks are so quick to jump the gun that the software companies and mobile technology cannot even keep up. For example, there are students at University of Phoenix that cannot download the eBooks that they paid with their own money to their tablets because Adobe does not have the correct software for tablets built yet that supports DRM integration. They MUST read on their laptops or print the whole book out. Granted some super smart student has found a way to print to a file, after signing into their DRM school profile, as a different format and transfer to their tablet that way, but that just shows that even with whatever restriction is set upon us, people will find a way if it is not convenient. (Walker, 2009)“…cultural history is adversely affected by the terms of protection provided sound recordings under current copyright law.” (Griffin, 2012, p.1, para.18)According to Jodie Griffin, only ten percent of sound recordings that were prior to World War II have been released from private hands for public access. The percentage drops to nearly zero for anything released before 1920. From 1890 to 1964, only 14 percent of recordings have been released. (Griffin, 2012)Websites, online cloud storage, desktop cloud storage programs, digital forums, peer-to-peer software, and many physical internet distributors “help content creators by allowing them to make, promote, and distribute their works to audiences more easily, and offering them several new options to reaching the marketplace without selling their copyrights to the traditional dominant distributors like publishers, record labels, or movie studios. An artist may still opt to partner with an incumbent intermediary, but these new services give the artist a choice and offer most efficient ways for content owners of all kind to distribute works.” (Griffin, 2012, p.1, para.18) There has been the “creative commons” organization where individuals with all, some, or no copyrights reserved may showcase their creative works or simply provide it for the public for free just to be able to get their name out. (Bowles, 2010)Even libraries and sound preservation boards are even having a near impossible time attempting to move around these copyright laws just for the sake of preserving our cultural history. (Griffin, 2012)(Image 11)
  • This shows the amount of removal requests made to Google for having apparent copyright infringement listed in their search results.(Image 5)
  • These graphs indicate how drastically the number of search results containing copied content spiked during 2012 and the reasons that the owners are saying the content should be removed.(Image 6)
  • (Image 7)
  • As we see here within these three reports from the World Intellectual Property Organization, the statistics of big name companies come in to play. Proving that copyrights, patents, and trademarks are not just for artistic individuals. These could show an impact on our economy.Of course, anything technology related is soaring with digital communication as number one.(Handout 1)(Slideshow includes handouts 2a, 2b, and 2c.)
  • “A press conference in Geneva provided us very little reassurance of individual or small business gain and focused mainly on international big business. As in previous years, demand for WIPO’s international IP filing systems increased despite a weak economic climate…As we begin to see signs of a recovery, those companies that built strong portfolios of intangible assets during the downturn will benefit the most from new market opportunities.” said WIPO Director General Francis Gurry. (WIPO, 2013, p.1, para.1)In Conclusion, these are the people that are benefiting from the intellectual property laws. You would think that we could say “It’s okay, they are creating U.S. jobs and feeding the economy,” but we cannot. Considering most mid to lower management and below is all outsourced to different countries in many top companies, it is definitely not creating U.S. jobs. Also if these companies are feeding the economy, why are we still in so much debt. What this quote is saying from the World Intellectual Property Organization is the GLOBAL economy is being helped, not the United States and it would be nice if we could worry about ourselves for a change. (Walker, 2009)(Image 10)
  • "Innovations" of copyright and intellectual properties

    1. 1. Innovations of Copyright and Intellectual Properties PHOEBE SPENCE WILSON INF/103 COMPUTER LITERACY EDWYNE DUFFIE AUGUST 12, 2013
    2. 2. Key Topics • What are intellectual properties? • Application Steps • Application Statistics • Restrictive Technologies • Copyright Infringement • Increasing Copyright Infringement • World Intellectual Property Organization handouts • International Statistics • Economical benefits
    3. 3. What are Intellectual Properties? Intellectual Properties Copyright Patent Trademark
    4. 4. Restrictive Technologies • Copyright Infringement • Piracy Laws • Digital Rights Management
    5. 5. Copyright Infringement
    6. 6. Copyright Infringement Increasing
    7. 7. HANDOUTS • WIPO Indicators 2012 • International patent filings under the Patent Cooperation Treaty • International trademark filings under Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks • International design filings under Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTIES ORGANIZATION
    8. 8. International Statistics Click for handout review Controls-(bottom left) to end
    9. 9. Economical Benefits • Music Industry • Technology Industry • Film Industry
    10. 10. References • Bowles, M.D. (2010). Introduction to Computer Literacy. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. • Copyright Basics. (2012). United States Copyright Office. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Retrieved from http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdf • Griffin, Jodie. (2012, October). The Economic Impact of Copyright: A presentation to TPP negotiators. Public Knowledge. Retrieved from http://publicknowledge.org/economic-impact-copyright-presentation-tpp-negotia • Patent Process Overview. (2012, March) The United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved from http://www.uspto.gov/patents/process/ppo_textonly.jsp • Trademarks. (2012, May). The United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved from http://www.uspto.gov/inventors/trademarks.jsp • U.S. Copyright Office. (2012). Copyright Office Celebrates World Intellectual Property Day 2012. Retrieved from http://www.copyright.gov/docs/wipo2012.html • Walker, M. (2009). Economists say copyright and patent laws are killing innovation; hurting economy. Newsroom. Retrieved from http://news.wustl.edu/news/Pages/13656.aspx • WIPO Press Conference in Geneva. (2013, March). Strong Growth in Demand for Intellectual Property Rights in 2012. World Intellectual Property Organization. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2013/article_0006.html
    11. 11. • Handout 1 http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ipstats/en/wipi/pdf/infog_2012_wipo.pdf • Handout 2a.b.c http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ipstats/images/infographics_systems_2013.pdf • Image 1: http://www.utmem.com/copyright/images/utmem_197_px_copyright.svg.png • Image 2: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/81/US-CopyrightOffice-Seal.svg/480px-US-CopyrightOffice-Seal.svg.png • Image 3: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/US-PatentTrademarkOffice-Seal.svg/480px-US- PatentTrademarkOffice-Seal.svg.png • Image 4: http://www.uspto.gov/image/tm_timeline.gif • Image 5: http://www.google.com/transparencyreport/removals/copyright/ • Image 6: http://www.google.com/transparencyreport/removals/government/ • Image 7: http://pravum.kg/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/wipo.png • Image 8: http://tacticalip.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/patent_pending.png • Image 9: http://kgnr.in/images/economical.png • Image 10: http://www.veryicon.com/icon/png/System/DelliPack%202.0/World.png • Image 11: http://innovation.blurgroup.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/12/2012/11/DRM-free-simple.png Graphic References

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