The Visual Elements

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The Visual Elements

  1. 1. Visual Elements<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. LINE<br /><ul><li>Line types
  4. 4. Actual
  5. 5. Implied
  6. 6. Line in Two-dimensional Art
  7. 7. Line in Three-dimensional Art</li></li></ul><li>Line Variations. a. Actual line.<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10. IMPLIED LINE<br />A series of points that the eye recognizes as a line; a perceived line where areas of conrasting color or texture meet.<br />
  11. 11. Line Variations. b. Implied line.<br />
  12. 12. Line Variations. c. Actual straight lines and implied curved line.<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Marc Chagall. I and the Village. 1911.<br />75 5/8" x 59 5/8".<br />
  16. 16. GESTURAL LINE<br />Line that conveys the energy of the artist’s hand as it moves across the drawing surface.<br />
  17. 17. Line Variations. h. Dance of curving lines.<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24. CONTOUR LINE<br />An actual line or implied line that defines the outer limits of a three dimensional object or two-dimensional shape; used synonymously with “outline”.<br />
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  27. 27.
  28. 28.
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  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39. SHAPE<br /><ul><li>Geometric or Organic
  40. 40. Figure and Ground
  41. 41. Positive and Negative Shape
  42. 42. Amorphous Shape
  43. 43. Three-dimensional Shape</li></li></ul><li>Geometric Shapes<br />
  44. 44. Organic Shape<br />
  45. 45. Amorphous (irregular) shape<br />
  46. 46. POSITIVE SHAPE<br />A dominant shape on a ground.<br />
  47. 47. NEGATIVE SHAPE<br />A shape “left over” or around a dominant shape.<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54. Figure (or ground) can be either dark or light…<br />
  55. 55. FIGURE<br />A shape on a background.<br />
  56. 56. GROUND<br />A background on which marks, shapes, or figures are placed.<br />
  57. 57. Figure- Ground Confusion<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59.
  60. 60.
  61. 61.
  62. 62.
  63. 63.
  64. 64.
  65. 65.
  66. 66. MASS and VOLUME<br /><ul><li>Mass: the physical bulk
  67. 67. Volume: the measurable area that an object occupies
  68. 68. Mass and volume can be actual or implied</li></li></ul><li>MASS<br />An actual or illusory three-dimensional bulk.<br />
  69. 69. VOLUME<br />The measurable area that an object occupies-its height, width, and depth.<br />
  70. 70.
  71. 71.
  72. 72.
  73. 73.
  74. 74. Actual Space<br /><ul><li>The Psychology of Space
  75. 75. Architectural Space
  76. 76. Interior Spaces
  77. 77. Artifacts within Spaces</li></li></ul><li>Actual Space<br /><ul><li>Three-dimensional Artifacts
  78. 78. In the Round
  79. 79. In Relief
  80. 80. Positive and Negative Space</li></li></ul><li>SPACE<br />An expanse of three-dimensionality in which objects and events occur.<br />
  81. 81.
  82. 82.
  83. 83. Illusional Space<br /><ul><li>Indicators of Illusional Space
  84. 84. Foreground, middle ground, and background
  85. 85. Size
  86. 86. Overlap
  87. 87. Transparency
  88. 88. Placement</li></li></ul><li>ILLUSIONAL SPACE<br />The appearance of depth, height, and width on a two-dimensional surface.<br />
  89. 89.
  90. 90.
  91. 91.
  92. 92.
  93. 93.
  94. 94. PERSPECTIVE<br />The illusion of space on planar surfaces, created by techniques for representing three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface.<br />
  95. 95. Types of Perspective<br /><ul><li>Atmospheric Perspective
  96. 96. Linear Perspective
  97. 97. One-point perspective
  98. 98. Two-point perspective
  99. 99. Three-point perspective</li></li></ul><li>Types of Perspective<br /><ul><li>Points of View
  100. 100. Bird’s-eye view
  101. 101. Worm’s-eye view
  102. 102. Foreshortening
  103. 103. Isometric Perspective
  104. 104. Multiple Perspective</li></li></ul><li>LINEAR PERSPECTIVE<br />A system of rendering the appearance of three dimensions on a two-dimensional plane by making objects appear smaller as they recede and by making parallel lines converge in the distance at a vanishing point on a horizon line.<br />
  105. 105.
  106. 106.
  107. 107.
  108. 108. VANISHING POINT<br />Where converging lines drawn in linear perspective seem to disappear into a distant dot on the horizon line.<br />
  109. 109. ORTHOGONAL LINES<br />Lines or edges in a picture that lead the viewer’s eyes to the vanishing points in an illusional three-dimensional space.<br />
  110. 110.
  111. 111.
  112. 112. Raphael. The School of Athens. 1508.<br />Study.<br />
  113. 113.
  114. 114.
  115. 115. ATMOSPHERIC (AERIAL) PERSPECTIVE<br />The technique of representing dimensional space by making objects close to the viewer appear crisp and vibrant and making them fuzzy and less intense in color and tone as thet recede.<br />

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