Actual Space• The Psychology of Space• Architectural Space• Interior Spaces• Artifacts within Spaces
Actual Space• Three-dimensional Artifacts – In the Round – In Relief – Positive and Negative Space
SPACE• An expanse of three-dimensionality in which objects and events occur.
FREE STANDING• Made to be seen from 360 degrees.
IN RELIEF• Meant to be seen from the front and sides. Not in the round.
Virtual Space• Virtual Entertainment Spaces• Simulated Spaces for Real-World Training• Virtual Educational Spaces
Illusional Space• Indicators of Illusional Space – Foreground, middle ground, and background – Size – Overlap – Transparency – Placement
ILLUSIONAL SPACE• The appearance of depth, height, and width on a two-dimensional surface.
ILLUSIONAL SPACE• The appearance of depth, height, and width on a two-dimensional surface.• SIZE• OVERLAP• TRANSPARENCY• PLACEMENT
PERSPECTIVE• The illusion of space on planar surfaces, created by techniques for representing three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface.
Types of Perspective• Atmospheric Perspective• Linear Perspective – One-point perspective – Two-point perspective – Three-point perspective
Types of Perspective• Points of View – Bird’s-eye view – Worm’s-eye view – Foreshortening• Isometric Perspective• Multiple Perspective
LINEAR PERSPECTIVE• A system of rendering the appearance of three dimensions on a two-dimensional plane by making objects appear smaller as they recede and by making parallel lines converge in the distance at a vanishing point on a horizon line.
VANISHING POINT• Where converging lines drawn in linear perspective seem to disappear into a distant dot on the horizon line.
ORTHOGONAL LINES• Lines or edges in a picture that lead the viewer’s eyes to the vanishing points in an illusional three-dimensional space.
Three Point Perspective
FORESHORTENING• Occurs when an object appears compressed when seen from a particular viewpoint, and the effect of perspective causes distortion.
ATMOSPHERIC (AERIAL) PERSPECTIVE• The technique of representing dimensional space by making objects close to the viewer appear crisp and vibrant and making them fuzzy and less intense in color and tone as thet recede.
ISOMETRIC PERSPECTIVE• A means of rendering three-dimensional objects without reliance on vanishing points or converging lines; scale of objects remains the same regardless of the distance from the foreground and background.
MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVE• More than one view of the subject simultaneously in the same picture.