Point, Line, Shape, Mass, Volume, Texture, ValuePresentation Transcript
Point, Line, Shape, Mass and Volume,Texture, and Value
POINT• The simplest of elements– Used singularly to highlight– Series can suggest lines– Clusters can suggest density
LINE• Line types– Actual– Implied• Line in Two-dimensional Art• Line in Three-dimensional Art
Line Variations. a. Actual line.
Line Variations. b. Implied line.
Line Variations. c. Actual straight lines and implied curved line.
Line Variations. d. Line created by an edge
Line Variations. e. Vertical line (attitude of alert attention); horizontal line(attitude of rest).
Line Variations. f. Diagonal lines (slow action, fast action).
Line Variations. g. Sharp, jagged line.
Line Variations. h. Dance of curving lines.
Line Variations. i. Hard line, soft line.
Mysterious Marks Near Dunhuang, China
GESTURAL LINE• Line that conveys the energy of the artist’s hand asit moves across the drawing surface.
Jackson Pollock. Drawing. 1950.11 1/8" x 60".
IMPLIED LINE• A series of points that the eye recognizes as a line;a perceived line where areas of contrasting color ortexture meet.
CONTOUR LINE• An actual line or implied line that defines the outerlimits of a three dimensional object or two-dimensional shape; used synonymously with“outline”.
SHAPE• Geometric or Organic• Figure and Ground• Positive and NegativeShape• Amorphous Shape• Three-dimensionalShape
POSITIVE SHAPE• A dominant shape on a ground.
NEGATIVE SHAPE• A shape “left over” or around a dominant shape.
FIGURE• A shape on a background.
GROUND• A background on which marks, shapes, or figuresare placed.
Figure (or ground) can be either dark or light…
Amorphous (irregular) shape
MASS and VOLUME• Mass: the physical bulk• Volume: the measurable area that anobject occupies• Mass and volume can be actual or implied
MASS• An actual or illusory three-dimensional bulk.
VOLUME• The measurable area that an object occupies-itsheight, width, and depth.
TEXTURE• Actual Texture• Implied Texture– Visual texture: an illusion of tactile qualities• Invented Texture
TEXTURE• INVENTED TEXTURE:The illusion of tactilitythrough the arrangementof lines, colors, and otherdesign elements.• ACTUAL TEXTURE: Thetactile quality of thematerial used to make anartifact.• IMPLIED TEXTURE:• The tactile quality ofelements in an artifactrendered in a way thatgives the impression oftexture.
VALUE• Highlights• Shadow• Contrast
VALUE• The relative degree of light or dark.
CONTRAST• The degree of value difference in an image; highcontrast is a wide separation between dark andlight; low contrast is a narrow range of values in animage.