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  1. 1. Art History 1 OVERVIEW
  2. 2. HISTORY • History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.
  3. 3. HISTORY History is a continuous, systematic narrative of past events as relating to a particular people, country, period, person, etc., usually written as a chronological account; chronicle:
  4. 4. HISTORYHistory is a story…. The story of humanity. Lots of things happened....can we make sense of it...? How complete/accurate is our version of events ?
  5. 5. Historical and Ahistorical TIME
  6. 6. Several animals painted 5000 years apart 32000 BCE-26000 BCE
  7. 7. Ahistorical societies Civilizations with no written records still produce art and myth, and still have a sense of time and lineage…but do not have a sense of history (the rise and fall of other civilizations). Popol Vuh –K’iche Creation Myth (a story of origins) Past, present, future are co-present-
  8. 8. Historical societies ..have a sense of history and knowledge and awareness of civilizations that came before and have since passed. Stages of development “Course of Empire” (Thomas Cole)
  9. 9. The Savage State 9
  10. 10. The Arcadian or Pastoral State 10
  11. 11. The Consumation of Empire 11
  12. 12. Destruction 12
  13. 13. Desolation 13
  14. 14. Our Two Versions of the Future Usually very extreme
  15. 15. HISTORY and the FUTURE The Future looks BLEAK Things get worse (resources, population, war, disease, economy, environment) – Things get worse very quickly (apocalypse) • After this a select group (INCLUDING YOU OF CORSE) will rise again (chosen few) – Things get worse very quickly (apocalypse) • There are no survivors and the human race disappears – Things get worse gradually (decline), but nobody does anything because we have a bias towards short term thinking and sabotage ourselves (think Easter Island) – Things get “worse” but its not that bad because our present state is unsustainable and we are living in unnecessary luxury and can adapt to new circumstances as long as we form a new Worldview. The Future looks AWESOME Things get better over time due to continuing progress and advances in technology. – Things get better but very slowly, so just be patient. – Things get better, but not for everyone. But who cares as long as you are not among the have-nots ? – Things not only get better, but after a while we solve all our problem through the application of Reason, Science, and Technology. – Things get better but then a super-intelligent AI takes over and kills us all
  16. 16. Probably some combination of good and bad We adapt
  17. 17. Do we learn anything from our study of history ??
  18. 18. It’s been quite a year…..looks like things are acutally getting WORSE “Is it possible that, after all, "history has no sense,” that it teaches us nothing, and that the immense past was only the weary rehearsal of the mistakes that the future is destined to make on a larger stage and scale?”- Will Durant
  19. 19. Well…no Violence is actually on the decline
  20. 20. Steven Pinker Our understanding of reality is distorted: “News is a misleading way to understand the world. It’s always about events that happened and not about things that didn’t happen. So when there’s a police officer that has not been shot up or city that has not had a violent demonstration, they don’t make the news. As long as violent events don’t fall to zero, there will be always be headlines to click on. The data show — since the Better Angels of Our Nature was published — rates of violence continue to go down.” 5 TRENDS TO CONSIDER:
  21. 21. The Leviathan the rise of the modern nation- state and judiciary "with a monopoly on the legitimate use of force," which "can defuse the [individual] temptation of exploitative attack, inhibit the impulse for revenge, and circumvent ... self-serving biases.” Criticisms: • Veracity of claim: • Downsides:
  22. 22. Commerce the rise of "technological progress [allowing] the exchange of goods and services over longer distances and larger groups of trading partners," so that "other people become more valuable alive than dead" and "are less likely to become targets of demonization and dehumanization.” Criticisms: • Veracity of claim: • Downsides:
  23. 23. Cosmopolitanism the rise of forces such as literacy, mobility, and mass media, which "can prompt people to take the perspectives of people unlike themselves and to expand their circle of sympathy to embrace them.” Criticisms: • Veracity of claim: • Downsides:
  24. 24. The Escalator of Reason an "intensifying application of knowledge and rationality to human affairs," which "can force people to recognize the futility of cycles of violence, to ramp down the privileging of their own interests over others', and to reframe violence as a problem to be solved rather than a contest to be won.” Criticisms: • Veracity of claim: • Downsides:
  25. 25. Feminization increasing respect for "the interests and values of women.” Criticisms: • Veracity of claim: • Downsides:
  26. 26. ART The conscious use of skill and the creative imagination in the production of an aesthetic object.
  27. 27. Jacques Lacan The “Mirror Stage” Our first moment of self-awareness.. Humans and… Elephants, chimps, orangutangs, dolphins, killer whales, the eurasian magpie
  28. 28. Recognition
  29. 29. Recognition
  30. 30. Recognition…leads to REPRESENTATION Capacity for symbolic thought and imagination
  31. 31. Purposes of Art • Ceremonial • Narrative • Functional • Persuasive • Artistic Expression
  32. 32. Purposes of Art • Ceremonial
  33. 33. Purposes of Art • Narrative
  34. 34. Purposes of Art • Functional
  35. 35. Purposes of Art • Persuasive
  36. 36. Purposes of Art • Artistic Expression
  37. 37. ART+HISTORY=Art History • My definition of Art History: Telling the story/stories of civilizations by examining the arts it produced.
  38. 38. Studying the past helps us understand the present and the future.
  40. 40. ANCIENT NEAR-EAST 43
  41. 41. ANCIENT EGYPT 44
  42. 42. ANCIENT GREECE 45
  43. 43. ANCIENT ROME 46
  44. 44. OBJECTIVES
  45. 45. • Students will be able to describe, analyze, interpret and judge a work of art using the visual elements and design principles as a foundation of their discussion.
  46. 46. • Discuss the form or design of a work of art in relationship to the personality of the artist, and/or the socio cultural environment/context.
  47. 47. • Recognize examples of each of the major art styles as they are presented and discussed.
  48. 48. • Identify major historical periods in Western art, and identify the styles, and major artists, from those periods
  49. 49. • Name individual artists/civilizations and identify representative works of their art. • EGYPT • MESOPOTAMIA • GREECE • ROME
  50. 50. • Be able to discuss and write about artists and works of art in an objective/critical manner using an appropriate vocabulary, develop and apply aesthetic criteria to discussions of works of art.
  51. 51. • Be able to use research and critical thinking skills in analyzing and comparing periods, styles, artists, and works of art.
  52. 52. • Understand cultural and historical influences that affect art and make comparisons between art and other disciplines for each of the historical periods.