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Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure
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Wisconsin .NET UG - Windows Azure

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Presentation given to the Wisconsin .NET Users Group on Windows Azure and SQL Azure.

Presentation given to the Wisconsin .NET Users Group on Windows Azure and SQL Azure.

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  • 1. Wisconsin .NET Users Group<br />Sept 2009<br />
  • 2. Who Are We?<br />Joseph Paradi<br />Innovation Lead, Accenture<br />joseph.a.paradi@accenture.com<br />Wade Wegner<br />Architect Evangelist, Microsoft<br />wade.wegner@microsoft.com<br />http://blog.wadewegner.com/<br />
  • 3. Cloud-Addressable Challenges<br />Facing Today’s Enterprise<br />1<br />1<br />5<br />Infrastructure costs are fixed and ongoing, and distract from the mission of reducing business process friction<br />Leveraging past investments to provide future value<br />Many data centers at limit—real estate, capacity, cooling and power<br />Matching capacity to demand<br />Maintaining security while increasing access and transparency—within and outside the organization<br />2<br />6<br />Security, access, and transparency across the value chain: suppliers, partners, etc.<br />3<br />7<br />Lack of a common platform<br />4<br />
  • 4. And in a non-Cloud view, there are inefficiencies in addressing those issues<br />Allocated IT-capacities<br />Load Forecast<br />“Under-supply“ of capacities<br />“Waste“ of capacities<br />Fixed cost of IT-capacities<br />IT CAPACITY<br />Barrier for<br />innovations<br />ActualLoad<br />TIME<br />
  • 5. However, in a Cloud View<br />Load Forecast<br />Allocated IT capacities<br />No “under-supply“<br />IT CAPACITY<br />Reduction of “over-supply“<br />Possible reduction of IT-capacities in case of reduced load<br />Reduction of initial investments<br />ActualLoad<br />Time<br />
  • 6. It has happened before<br />
  • 7. 5 key differences between legacy and cloud computing<br />Scale<br />Automated Service Management<br />High Availability<br />Multi-Tenancy<br />Considerations<br />Off Premises<br />On Premises<br />Location<br />Homogeneous<br />Heterogeneous<br />Infrastructure<br />CapEx<br />OpEx<br />Business model<br />Own<br />Lease/Rent<br />Ownership<br />Self<br />Third Party<br />Management<br />
  • 8. Introducing the Windows Azure platform<br />Web and Clouds<br />Developer Experience<br />Third party Cloud<br />Web applications<br />Use existing skills and tools.<br />Compute<br />Storage<br />Management<br />Management<br />Relational data<br />Connectivity<br />Access control<br />On-premises<br />LOB Applications<br />Composite applications<br />
  • 9. Introducing Windows AzureDelivering the Reality of Cloud Computing<br />Windows Azure delivers Cloud computing for the enterprise<br />“It’s the transformation of our software, it’s <br />the transformation of our strategy and our offerings across the board to fundamentally embrace services.”<br />–Ray Ozzie<br /> Chief Software Architect<br /> Microsoft<br />
  • 10. Comprehensive SLAs<br />Dependable performance<br />Years of Microsoft Experience<br />Faster time to market<br />Speedier development<br />Simpler deployment<br />Efficiency<br />Manage resources withless cost and effort<br />Focus<br />Concentrate on delivering solutions, not infrastructure<br />Trust<br />Rely on a solid development platform<br />Agility<br />Respond rapidly to changing needs<br />Rapid monetization <br />Scalability without complexity <br />Fewer operational hurdles<br />On-demand computing<br />Elimination of idle IT capacity<br />Lower TCO <br />Why Windows Azure<br />
  • 11. NEXT UP:<br />Windows Azure Architecture<br />
  • 12. From Managing Resources to Providing Abstraction<br />BUSINESSES<br />CONSUMERS<br />INTERNET<br />
  • 13. Defining Windows Azure Architecture<br />Fabric<br />Fabric controller<br />Compute<br />Storage<br />The Fabric Controller communicates with every server within the Fabric. It manages Windows Azure, monitors every application, decides where new applications should run – optimizing hardware utilization.<br />
  • 14. Windows Azure<br />The Fabric Controller automates load balancing and computes resource scaling<br />Security and Control Features include storage encryption, access authentication, and over-the-wire encryption using HTTPS. Industry certification is part of the Windows Azure roadmap.<br />Computation provides application scalability. Developers can build a combination of web and worker roles. Those roles can be replicated as needed to scale the applications and computational processing power.<br />Storage Services allow customers to scale to store large amounts of data – in any format – for any length of time, only paying for what they use or store.<br />Geographically distributed, state-of-the-art data centers host your applications and data, internet-accessible from everywhere you choose to allow.<br />
  • 15. Fabric Controller<br />Interacts with a “Fabric Agent” on each machine<br />Monitors every VM, application and instance<br />Performs load balancing, check pointing and recovery<br />
  • 16. Compute in Windows Azure<br />GOAL:<br />SCALABILITY<br />Two instance types: Web Role & Worker Role<br />Windows Azure applications are built with <br />web role instances, worker role instances, <br />or a combination of both.<br />Scale out by replicating worker instances as needed.<br />Allow applications to scale <br />user and compute processing independently.<br />Each instance runs on its own VM (virtual machine), replicated as needed<br />
  • 17. Defining the Web and Worker Roles<br />WEB ROLE<br />WORKER ROLE<br />Interacts with end-user<br />or web services<br />Handles incoming<br />HTTP/HTTPS requests<br />Develop with Microsoft and<br />non-Microsoft tools:<br />ASP.NET, WCF, other .NET tools<br />Java, PHP, etc.<br />Does not accept<br />incoming requests<br />Initiates their own requests<br />for data or tasks from <br />the queue<br />Similar to a &quot;batch job&quot;<br />or Windows service<br />
  • 18. Storage in Windows Azure<br />GOAL:<br />SCALABLE, DURABLE STORAGE<br />Tables: simply structured data, accessed using ADO.NET Data Services<br />Queues: serially accessed messages or requests, allowing web-roles and worker-roles to interact<br />Blobs: large, unstructured data (audio, video, etc)<br />Windows Azure storage is an application managed by the Fabric Controller<br />Windows Azure applications can use native storage or SQL Azure<br />Application state is kept in storage services, so worker roles can replicate as needed<br />
  • 19. Blobs, Tables and Queues<br />BLOBS: <br />Provide a simple interface for storing named files along with file metadata<br />QUEUES: <br />Provide reliable storage and delivery of messages for <br />an application<br />TABLES: <br />Provide structured storage. A Table is a set of entities which contain a set of properties<br />
  • 20. Services Management in Windows Azure<br />GOAL:<br />AUTOMATED APPLICATION MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL<br />Fabric<br />The Fabric Controller automates service management<br />
  • 21. Developing Applications for Windows Azure<br />FAMILIAR DEVELOPER EXPERIENCE<br />DESIGNED FOR INTEROPERABILITY<br />PROVEN MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGIES<br />Development: Visual Studio integration, offline Cloud simulation<br />Maintenance: Local debugging, APIs for logging<br />Management: APIs for configuration management<br />SOAP and REST protocols <br />XML file formats<br />Commitment to support Java, PHP, Python and other popular programming languages<br />Visual Studio, ASP.NET, SQL Azure integration<br />Windows Azure integration<br />
  • 22. Windows Azure Skill Transfer<br />
  • 23. Providing Security with Windows Azure<br />PHYSICAL:<br /><ul><li>Microsoft data centers with modern and current security processes
  • 24. Redundant power supplies from separate providers, battery and diesel backup generators, climate control, and fire prevention and suppression</li></ul>CONTINUITY: <br /><ul><li>Multiple data centers in different geographies
  • 25. Users can choose single location or geo-distributed data centers
  • 26. Storage data is replicated multiple times
  • 27. Fabric is designed to be backed up and restored from checkpoints</li></ul>COMPLIANCE & CERTIFICATION:<br /><ul><li>Microsoft is committed to complying with all local laws
  • 28. Industry certification is a core part of the Windows Azure roadmap
  • 29. Customers are ultimately responsible for the security and compliance of their services or applications–Windows Azure is a platform</li></ul>LOGICAL:<br /><ul><li>Storage encryption and authentication
  • 30. HTTPS
  • 31. Optimized for Cloud access with no admin access to guests or applications
  • 32. Applications and users not allowed to update the underlying environment</li></li></ul><li>Building Solutions with the <br />Windows Azure Platform<br />SQL Azure: Scalable, relational, Cloud-enabled database services<br />.NET Services: Framework for access control and communication between Cloud-aware applications<br />
  • 33. NEXT UP:<br />SQL Azure Architecture<br />
  • 34. Benefits of SQL Azure database<br />SQL Azure Database delivers the value of hosted relational database with the differentiated benefits of a managed database as a utility<br />Hosted RDBMS<br />Managed RDBMS<br /><ul><li>SQL query processor
  • 35. Familiar relational model (DDL, DML, Indexes…)
  • 36. Transactions
  • 37. Ecosystem of familiar development and management tools
  • 38. Low-friction provisioning
  • 39. High scale
  • 40. Multi-tenant
  • 41. Self-management
  • 42. Automatic HA and DR</li></li></ul><li>SQL Azure Database Product Architecture overview<br />SQL Azure Database combines the bestof simple storage and hosted RDBMS<br />BrowserApplication<br />Application<br />Application<br />ODBC, OLEDB, ADO.Net PHP, Ruby, …<br /><ul><li>Flexible access to data in the cloud
  • 43. Create client applications that access data in the cloud via TDS – just like on-premise SQL Server
  • 44. Create cloud-based Web applications in Azure that use standard SQLClient libraries with ADO.NET
  • 45. Create cloud-based REST data interfaces in Azure with ADO.NET Data Services and the Entity Framework
  • 46. Low friction data storage provisioning
  • 47. Web interface for simple, database provisioning
  • 48. Scale seamlessly as needed
  • 49. Self-managing data center
  • 50. Automated maintenance
  • 51. Built in high-availability and data recoverability</li></ul>REST Client<br />SQL Client*<br />Cloud<br />REST (Astoria)<br />ADO.Net +EF<br />HTTP+REST<br />HTTP<br />TDS<br />Windows Azure<br />Web App<br />SQL Client*<br />Data Center<br />TDS + TSQL Model<br />SQL Azure<br />* Client access enabled using TDS for ODBC, ADO.Net, OLEDB, PHP-SQL, Ruby, …<br />
  • 52. Data Platform Design<br />Account<br /><ul><li>Goal: A storage platform built for extreme scale and low cost
  • 53. Architecture:
  • 54. An Azure account provides access to SQL Azure
  • 55. Each account can have one or more logical server
  • 56. Implemented as multiple physical servers within a given geo-location
  • 57. Each logical server can contain one or more logical database
  • 58. Implemented as replicated partitioned data across multiple physical databases
  • 59. Azure wide
  • 60. Billing instrument</li></ul>Has one or more<br />Server<br /><ul><li>Database metadata
  • 61. Unit of authorization
  • 62. Unit of geo-location</li></ul>Has one or more<br />Database<br /><ul><li>Unit of consistency
  • 63. Contains Users, Tables, Views, etc…</li></li></ul><li>Logical User Databases<br /><ul><li>Uses shared infrastructure at SQL database and below
  • 64. Each user database is replicated to one or more servers (configurable based on SLA)
  • 65. Client requests are routed to current “primary server” for read and write operations (based on SQL session)
  • 66. Security, lockdown and isolation enforced in SQL tier
  • 67. Highly scalable and state-of-the-art HA technology
  • 68. Automatic failure detection; client request re-routed to new primary on failure
  • 69. High SLA guarantee using logical replication (hot standby replicas)
  • 70. Automatic management, self-healing and load balancing across shared resource pool
  • 71. SQL Azure Database provides provisioning, metering and billing infrastructure</li></ul>Machine 5<br />Machine 6<br />Machine 4<br />SQL Instance<br />SQL Instance<br />SQL Instance<br />SQL DB<br />SQL DB<br />SQL DB<br />UserDB1<br />UserDB2<br />UserDB3<br />UserDB4<br />UserDB1<br />UserDB2<br />UserDB3<br />UserDB4<br />UserDB1<br />UserDB2<br />UserDB3<br />UserDB4<br />SQL Azure Database Provisioning (databases, accounts, roles, …, Metering, and Billing<br />Scalability and Availability: Fabric, Failover, Replication, and Load balancing<br />DBA role will change to focus on policy/logical management<br />Scalability and Availability: Fabric, Failover, Replication, and Load balancing<br />
  • 72. Security and Connection Models<br />Security<br /><ul><li>Uses regular SQL security model
  • 73. Authenticate logins, map to users and roles
  • 74. Authorize users and roles to SQL objects
  • 75. Supports standard SQL logins
  • 76. Logins are username + password strings
  • 77. Service enforces use of SSL to secure credentials
  • 78. Future support for AD Federation, WLID, etc as alternate authentication protocols</li></ul>Connections<br /><ul><li>Connect using common client libraries
  • 79. ADO.NET, OLE DB, ODBC, etc.
  • 80. Clients connect to a database directly
  • 81. Cannot hop across DBs
  • 82. Large surface of SQL supported within the database boundary
  • 83. Future work will relax many of these constraints</li></li></ul><li>Provisioning Model<br /><ul><li>Account and server provisioning
  • 84. Portal and API based access
  • 85. Ex: enumerate my servers, show server usage metrics, etc
  • 86. Each account has one or more servers
  • 87. Ex: srv123.data.database.windows.net
  • 88. Each server has a virtual master database
  • 89. Has subset of SQL Server master DB interface
  • 90. Each server has one or more SQL logins
  • 91. System creates sysadmin login on “server creation”
  • 92. Databases created using “CREATE DATABASE”
  • 93. Can be called by sysadmin or anyone with create DB permission</li></ul>*<br />*<br />
  • 94. Compatibility with SQL Server<br /><ul><li>SQL Server has many patterns for accomplishing tasks
  • 95. SQL Azure supports a subset of SQL Server patterns
  • 96. Focus on logical and policy based administration
  • 97. Patterns work in both SQL Azure & SQL Server
  • 98. Enables migration of on-premise application to/from SQL Azure
  • 99. SQL Azure Database is a multi-tenant service
  • 100. Throttling and load balancing policies
  • 101. Examples: limit on DB size, duration of transaction, …</li></ul>V1 Goal: Address the needs of 95% or more web and departmental applications<br />In Scope for v1<br />Out of Scope for v1<br /><ul><li>CLR
  • 102. Service Broker
  • 103. Distributed Transactions
  • 104. Distributed Query
  • 105. Spatial
  • 106. All server level DDL
  • 107. All physical DDL and physical catalog views
  • 108. Create/Alter/Drop on Database/Index/View
  • 109. Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)
  • 110. Triggers
  • 111. Constraints
  • 112. Table variables, session temp tables (#t)
  • 113. + lots of others</li></li></ul><li>SQL Azure Database Customer Scenarios<br />Departmental Applications<br />Web Applications<br />Departmental workgroup applications with low concurrency and cyclical usage patterns<br />Small customers or start ups with Web applications of all scale that have simple RDBMS needs<br />Data Hubs<br />ISV/SaaS Offerings<br />Secure data hubs that consolidate multiple data sources and enable access from multiple locations and devices<br />Traditional ISVs extending offering or selling software hosted in the cloud (including SaaS ISVs)<br />
  • 114. SQL Data Services Roadmap<br />Internal Adoption<br />Invitation SQL Azure CTP <br />Commercial Availability<br />Invitation Azure CTP <br />MIX 2009<br />WWPC 2009<br />TechEd 2009<br />PDC<br />2009<br />Mar 09<br />May 09<br />Jul 09<br />Nov 09<br />Sep 09<br />Apr 09<br />Jun 09<br />Aug 09<br />Oct 09<br />
  • 115. Key Takeaways<br /><ul><li>SQL Azure Database is real and in production with Microsoft enterprise services
  • 116. We are accelerating delivery of relational database service – PDC ‘09
  • 117. Ecosystem of tools; existing skills and knowledge
  • 118. Majority of web and workgroup apps work as-is
  • 119. Support for open source client libraries
  • 120. Integration between on/off-premises: Extending SQL data platform to the cloud
  • 121. Relational database is key capability of the Windows Azure Platform
  • 122. Zero-friction integration with Windows Azure
  • 123. Enables compelling scenarios on the Azure platform
  • 124. SQL Azure design and architecture supports a wide range of scenarios
  • 125. SQL Azure Database platform investments deliver proven value on top of SQL engine
  • 126. From very cheap and highly-consolidated to still inexpensive and highly-isolated</li></li></ul><li>Software + Services Architecture<br />“When you combine the ever-growing power of devices and the increasing ubiquity of the Web, you come up with a sum that is greater than its parts.” <br />—RAY OZZIE<br />THREE CORE PRINCIPLES:<br />Experiences should span beyond a single device<br />Infrastructure and solutions should extend from the server to the Cloud<br />Tightly coupled systems should give way to federations of cooperating systems and loosely coupled compositions <br />
  • 127. NEXT UP:<br />Pricing<br />
  • 128. Consumption<br />Subscription<br />Volume licensing<br />“Value for a commitment”<br />“Coordinated purchasing”<br />“Pay as you go and grow”<br />Planned for post PDC<br />Select offers at PDC<br />Available at PDC launch<br /><ul><li>Discounts for commitment
  • 129. Plans for paymentpredictability
  • 130. Unified purchasing through EA
  • 131. Introduction to volumediscount
  • 132. Low barrier to entry and flexibility
  • 133. Optimized for Cloudelasticity </li></ul>Windows Azure Purchasing Models<br />
  • 134. Windows Azure Pricing Meters<br />COMPUTE<br />STORAGE<br />BANDWIDTH<br />Virtual Machine instances<br />Load balancers, routers, etc.<br />Relational DB instances<br />Automated service management <br /><ul><li>Fabric controller operations (deploy/upgrade/delete/scale)
  • 135. Load balancer programming</li></ul>Blob Storage<br />Table Storage<br />Multiple replicas<br />Ingress/Egress (to/from internet only)<br />PRICE<br />$0.12 / hour<br />PRICE<br />$0.15 / GB stored / month<br />Storage transactions: $0.01 / 10k<br />PRICE<br />Bandwidth: $0.10 IN; $0.15 OUT; / GB<br />
  • 136. Windows Azure Platform Service Guarantee<br />Storage servicewill be available/ reachable (connectivity)<br />Your storage requests willbe processed successfully<br />.NET Service Bus endpoint willhave external connectivity<br />Message operation requests willbe processed successfully<br />Serviceavailability<br />Storage availability<br />Database availability<br />Role instance monitoring and restart<br />Compute connectivity<br />Your service is connected and reachable via web<br />Internet facing roles will have external connectivity<br />Database is connected to the internet gateway <br />Availability monitoring every 5-minute interval<br />All runningroles will be continuously monitored<br />If role is unhealthy, we will detect and initiate corrective state<br />Automated Systems Management<br />&gt;99.9%<br />&gt;99.95%<br />&gt;99.9%<br />&gt;99.9%<br />
  • 137. Windows Azure Platform Roadmap<br />Rich Service Templates<br />Multiple Geo Locations<br />Multiple Languages<br />Full Trust<br />Active Directory and Web ID<br />Relational & Virtualized Database <br />Auto DB Management<br />Simple Service Templates<br />One Geo<br />ASP.NET<br />Medium Trust<br />Automated service management<br />Service Bus, Access Control<br />Admin Mode/VM Deployment<br />Geo Replication<br />Systems Center Integration<br />Enterprise ID Federation<br />Distributed Queries & CLR<br />Analytics & reporting<br />Data Synch (DataHub)<br />CTP<br />Future<br />Commercial release<br />
  • 138. Technology<br />innovation<br />Partner<br />ecosystem<br />Power<br />of choice<br />Developer<br />Why Microsoft<br />“IDC sees the launch of Windows Azure and Windows Azure platform as a first step in a long evolutionary path that customers will take moving them from today’s self-hosted IT to consuming a hybrid of both internally and externally hosted services, and if so desired, could eventually support a fully outsourced model.”<br />—IDC Insight, Microsoft Unveils Cloud Services Strategy and the Windows Azure platform: <br /> Managing Customer Expectations and Competitive Pressures as Solution Evolves Is Key, Nov 2008, Doc #215034<br />
  • 139. NEXT STEPS<br />Sign up for Windows Azure and SQL Azure:<br />http://www.windowsazure.com<br /> http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/sqlserver/dataservices/<br />Take a look at:<br />Windows Azure & SQL Azure access<br />Developer tools <br />White papers<br />Sample applications<br />

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