West Virginia Broadband Connectivity Working TeamA presentation to the Joint Committee on Technology West Virginia Legislature June 13, 2004 Larry Malone, Malone Consulting Services Jack Shaffer, Columbia Natural Resources LLC
Why Broadband?“Fourth Utility” – Key Development Tool• Employment/Jobs• Business Retention & Investment• Competitiveness• Community Development• Education, Health, Well-Being• Self-Improvement and Sufficiency
The ChallengeRural America already faces huge economic challengesand is being left behind because they simply cantcompete without affordable high-speed access to theInternet. That is where the jobs are, and that is wherebusinesses invest.Competition and active participation in today’s vigorousnew economy requires not only a computer, but also high-speed, high-capacity (broadband) access to informationand data on the Internet.- Rural Broadband Coalition
Putting It Into PerspectiveDespite its economic and political might, the USA is falling behind other nations inarming consumers and small businesses with a key economic tool: high-speedInternet access, also known as broadband. The USA ranks 11th worldwide inbroadband use, according to a recent United Nations report, behind suchplaces as South Korea, Hong Kong and Iceland.For now, nations besting the USA have smaller economies and dont present animmediate economic threat. But as other nations leap ahead in broadband, theirindustries — from South Korean automakers to Canadian doctors — prosper.Meanwhile, hundreds of thousands of U.S. companies, waste time and moneythat could otherwise help drive growth.Spreading fast Internet access in the USA is so critical to long-termeconomic might that TechNet, a group of top U.S. tech CEOs, says its the21st-century equivalent of landing a man on the moon.That gap matters as the Web drives more of the global economy. The longer ittakes to do a task — from downloading forms to bidding on contracts — the moreit chips away at U.S. productivity.Source: USAToday, 1/18/2004 http://www.usatoday.com/tech/techinvestor/2004-01-19-broadband_x.htm http://www.usatoday.com/tech/techinvestor/2004-01-19-broadband_x.htm
Putting It Into PerspectiveAmerica has made great strides in providing Internet access to schools andunderserved communities. However, despite these efforts, there is still a wide gapbetween communities on the cutting edge of technology and those still awaitingtheir first taste of the Internet. As wealthier towns and neighborhoods connectto broadband networks, many rural, hard-to-reach and underservedcommunities fall further behind, deprived of a key developmental tool.As knowledge of technology becomes increasingly essential, the lack of access toadvanced services will deprive some of the ability to acquire the tools necessaryto succeed. There is a tremendous need in all communities for training in the"twenty-first century skills" to take advantage of the new opportunitiesbroadband can provide.As with the Internet itself, the nation must realize the unique value of broadbandaccess. More than just a new vehicle for entertainment, broadband can play animportant role in providing valuable services -- such as telemedicine,distance education, independent living, and even e-commerce solutions tocreate more viable communities, particularly in underserved areas.Alliance for Public Technology - http://apt.org/publica/broadband-world.html
West Virginia BroadbandConnectivity Working Team• Business/Technology• Telecommunications/Cable• Government – Federal, State, County• Economic and Community Development• Higher Education and Education• Non-Profits• Foundations – Benedum• Reps – Health care, tourism, banking
Mission/Purpose To leverage the knowledge of interested stakeholders in a collaborative effort to:1) Collect and analyze available research and best practices on high-speed Internet connectivity and services2) Determine and develop a statewide strategy and recommendations on: a. building demand for high-speed Internet access and expanding connectivity levels in all communities b. offering affordable, sustainable and simplistic high-speed connection service throughout the state3) Link this to improving the overall well-being and prosperity of communities
Core FocusCore areas of examination and focus:1) Demand: Broadband Use and Applications Awareness - Distance learning - Telemedicine - e-Government - e-Commerce/e-marketing - Home-based work - ASP applications2) Affordability/Rates and System Management/Operati ons3) Issues Associated with Physical Installation and Expansion of Infrastructure (wired/wireless/satellite)
Needs PerspectiveBusiness - Expanding, encouraging high-speed connectivity to more locations,businesses - Linking businesses with tech support/info on broadband andapplications; connecting ‘supply and demand’ - Sharing information about using ASP offerings to enhance productivity,services, operationsCommunity - Conducting community tech/connectivity assessments - Fulfilling or serving economic and community development needs - Developing, delivering local broadband strategies and high-speed benefits(telemedicine, distance learning, etc.)Residential - Increasing computers in homes (tax credits?) - Providing educational programs on computers, Internet - Offering affordable Internet connectivity fees - Understanding demographics (high % of older, low-income) - Using broadband for self-help purposes (home-based jobs, living)
Reports – Benchmarking WVInternet Access• National – 75 percent of population on-line• West Virginia – 65 percent • 46th in computers (% of households) • 46th w/ Internet access (% of households)Broadband Access• West Virginia pretty good – most counties now have eitherCable or DSL, or bothAffordability• West Virginia (50th in median income) Only 13 percent use broadbandBroadband Demographics/Trends Issue: 220,000 – elderly or low-income
Reports – Benchmarking WVNearly 75 percent or 204.3 million Americans haveaccess to the Internet from home • 54.03% of US home users dial in with "narrowband" connections • 46% - broadband connectionIncome Key – $25K-50K – 33 percent use broadband $0-25K – only 25 percent use broadband
Research Data22% of Americans 65 and older use the Internet…about 8 million Americans. (Rural seniors - 17% go online)There has been sharp growth in the number (olderAmericans) doing key Internet activities such as healthsearches, e-shopping, and online banking. Email isequally popular among Internet users age 65 or older andtheir younger counterparts.“silver tsunami”
Research DataBesides email, e-shopping:Health Info - 73 million people, 62% of Internet users, or 73million people in the United StatesE-Government - 97 million adult Americans, or 77% ofInternet users Half of all Internet users, and 59% of online users with broadband connections at home, say the Internet has helped their relationship with government
Resources/LinkagesFederal• ARC• USDA RUS• FCC• State DelegationStateLocalNon-ProfitEducationalFoundation
TimelineFall 2004 – Complete recommendations and report Possible conference2005 Session – Legislative agenda
WV Rural Broadband Committee Broadband 101 Jack L. Shaffer, Jr. Manager, Technology Services and Development Columbia Natural Resources, LLC
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology Overview What is “Broadband?•High speed communications transmitting largeamounts of data over an array of networks –including the Internet.•Delivered through “pipes” such as cable, copper,fiber optics, and wireless.•FCC defined as at least 200kbps in one direction.
How FAST is FAST?? E-mail Basic Web Complex Five Movie Two-hour 5k Page web page minute preview movie 25k 500k Song 30Megs 500Megs 5 MegsDialup 1 sec 10 sec 90 sec 15 min 80 min 20 hrsSatellite <1 sec <1 sec 15 sec 2 min 15 min 4 hrs DSL <1 sec <1 sec 7 sec 1 min 7 min 2 hrs Cable <1 sec <1 sec 4 sec 40 sec 4 min 70 minWireless <1 sec <1 sec 4 sec 40 sec 4 min 70 min Fiber <1 sec <1 sec 2 sec 15 sec 1 min 10 min
How FAST is FAST?? Bits per second Time to download 33 volumes of Encyclopedia Britannica9.6K modem 9,600 3.5 days56K modem 56,000 14 hours1.544 MBPS (T1 line) 1,544,000 31 minutes45 MBPS (T3 line) 45,000,000 1 minute155 MBPS (fiber optic) 155,000,000 18 seconds622 MBPS (fiber OC12) 622,000,000 4.8 seconds2.4 GBPS (fiber OC48) 2,400,000,000 1.2 seconds
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewTechnology is a TOOL.Many different “tools” in our broadbandtoolbox.– No one tool will fit all circumstances.– Many different tools may need to be used to complete one job.WV is fortunate to have many “world class”broadband providers.
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewWe must focus on the end result and avoid“technology holy wars.”All of our broadband tools have pros andcons.There is NO MAGIC BULLET!
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewT1 – A 24 channel circuit that can be used over copper or fiber lines. – 1.54Mbps – 99% availability – Expensive – Typically used to connect “edge” or “last mile” technologies to the InternetCable – Coax or Fiber connection to the Internet. – 2Mbps download/512Mbps upload – Cost effective – “shared pipe” – Typically used to connect directly to the Internet
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewxDSL – Digital Subscriber Line a high speed connection that uses thesame wires as a regular telephone line. – 1.5Mbps download/256Mbps upload – Cost effective – Distance limitations – Typically used to connect directly to the Internet
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewFiber – Fiber to the home (FTTH) – Internet data transmitted across fiber optic cable. – Up to 1 Gigabit per second – Uses cable modem standard DOCSIS – Can be expensive and time consuming to build – Connections can be problematicBroadband over power lines (BPL or PLC) – Internet data transmitted across existingpower lines. – 3Mbps (upload/download speeds are the same) – Requires specialized equipment to bridge transformers – Possible Radio Interference » Cinergy & the FCC disputes this claim
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewFixed Wireless – Wireless data transfer between fixed antennas (likethe Motorola Canopy system at Glenville) – 6.2Mbps – 10 mile radius between access points – Basically line of site – Interference can be problematic – Used in “Last Mile” coverage
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewSatellite Broadband – 1 Mbps download / 100 Kbps upload – Latency can be problematic – Can be expensive – Primarily used where other broadband choices are not available.Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g) – Wireless LAN – 11 Mbps – 54 Mbps depending upon protocol – 1000 ft radius – Primarily used in local area networks
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology OverviewMesh Point-to-Point via satellite broadband – 50 Mbps download / 16 Mbps upload (theoretical limits) – VSAT line of site – Satellites will contain switching technology to reduce latency – Will still be fairly expensive – Primarily used where other broadband alternatives are not availableWi-Max / Wireless Man (802.16) – long range wireless – 70 Mbps transmission speed – 30 mile non-line of site radius – Still a fixed wireless solution – Works in tandem with Wi-Fi – Primarily used as a “last mile” connection
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology Overview3G – Wireless technologies used to transmit data – Many different standards/products » CDMA2001x » TD-SCDMA » W-CDMA » EDGE » 1xEV-DO – Speeds < 1 Mbps – Availability problems – Mainly targeted at the mobile user
WV Rural Broadband Committee Technology Overview SUMMARYMany broadband options today – more tomorrow.Any successful project will contain some mix ofbroadband tools.Focus on demand and the project – not thetechnology.Return on Investment and Continuous Operationscosts MUST be considered.