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Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
Diabetes awareness
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Diabetes awareness

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Diabetes Slideshow with basic information.

Diabetes Slideshow with basic information.

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  • 1. Diabetes YOUR GUIDE TO DIABETES: TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 A Presentation By: Choya Adkins
  • 2. Description of Diabetes When you eat, your body breaks food down into glucose. Glucose is a type of sugar that is your body’s main source of energy.
  • 3. Description of Diabetes As blood glucose rises, the body sends a signal to the pancreas, which releases insulin.
  • 4. Description of Diabetes Acting as a key, insulin binds to a place on the cell wall (an insulin receptor), unlocking the cell so glucose can pass into it. There, most of the glucose is used for energy right away.
  • 5. Description of Diabetes As blood glucose rises, the body sends a signal to the pancreas, which releases insulin.
  • 6. There are 2 Main Types of Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes ▪ Is an immune disorder in which the body attacks and destroys insulin- producing beta cells in the pancreas. ▪ People with type 1 must take insulin in order to survive ▪ Most common ages effected are 5 to 25 years old. Although rarely it can effect at any age. ▪ Commonly referred to as Juvenile- onset Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes ▪ Is a disorder in which either the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells ignore the insulin. ▪ Can usually be treated with medication and/or diet changes. ▪ Appears to be related to aging, sedentary life-style, genetic influence, but mostly obesity. ▪ Commonly referred to as adult-onset diabetes.
  • 7. The Most Common Diabetes Symptoms Include: ▪ Extreme thirst ▪ Frequent urination ▪ Lethargy / drowsiness ▪ Breath odor (fruity, sweet or wine-like) ▪ Sugar in urine ▪ Sudden vision changes, blurred vision ▪ Increased appetite, constant hunger ▪ Sudden weight loss ▪ Heavy, labored breathing ▪ Vomiting, often mistaken for a case of gastroenteritis ▪ Stupor / unconsciousness (diabetic ketoacidosis – DKA)
  • 8. Chronic Complications of Diabetes ▪ If you have Diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. ▪ Over time, this can cause problems with other body functions, such as : ▪ your Kidneys ▪ Nerves ▪ Feet ▪ Eyes ▪ Other long-term complications of diabetes include: ▪ Skin problems, ▪ Digestive problems, ▪ Sexual dysfunction ▪ Problems with your teeth and gums ▪ Having diabetes can also put you at a higher risk for heart disease and bone and joint disorders. Blindness Stroke Heart Attack Kidney Disease Nerve Damage or Amputation Loss of circulation in arms and legs
  • 9. ▪ Monitor Blood Sugar Levels ▪ Self testing at home. ▪ Regular visits with your doctor. ▪ Medications and/or Insulin Injections ▪ Depending on the type of Diabetes your treatment may vary. ▪ Type 1 always includes insulin injections ▪ Daily Exercise ▪ Reducing your weight significantly helps you manage the sugar levels in your body. ▪ Rigorous activity helps your body burn sugar and promotes blood flow. ▪ Watch Your Diet ▪ a diet low in fat and with plenty of fruit and vegetables. ▪ Avoiding foods high in sugar. Common Treatments of Diabetes Although there is no cure for diabetes, there are ways to prevent more severe complications.
  • 10. Sources  Websites  http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disea se/type-2-diabetes  http://www.diabeticcareservices.com/diabetes- education/types-of-diabetes  http://www.health24.com/Medical/Diabetes/A bout-diabetes/Diabetes-type-2-20120721  Clip art  http://office.microsoft.com  Literature  Kelly, Pat (2003) Coping with Diabetes  Unger, Jeff M.D. (2007) Diabetes Management in Primary Care  Diabetes literature from Appalachian Regional Healthcare (ARH)  Sounds  http://soundbible.com

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