The BHL way to content      William Ulate     BHL Technical Director     Global BHL Coordinator        Leiden, Netherlands...
What is BHL?              The Biodiversity Heritage Library isa consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that...
Extensive
Global…
New Partners and Geographies
Dear Sir / Madam Can i just                              congratulate you on anThe freeing of knowledge      absolutely br...
More Online Content               Pages (Millions) and Volumes (in Thousands)                              included in BHL...
Global Replication & Serving     Replicated Data Center   Portal Application
> 390,000 views  in 10 months> 1200 sets> 60,000+ images
The Art of Life project: describing and providing access tonatural history illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Li...
Where are we?• Scientific Name Extraction   – Improved algorithm (Thanks uBio!)• Articles   – Extended BHL data model to s...
Scientific Name Extraction• TaxonFinder algorithm in production since  2008  – More than 100 million candidate name string...
Taxon NamesBEFOREName Instances   101,591,803   101,288,804Unique Names       7,498,554     7,464,924Verified Names     1,...
Part-level metadata• Disambiguating and locating structural  components in the corpus• Done by automated and crowdsourced ...
Articles in the BHL UI
Images
PDF Generator
Support citation reconciliation..Linneaus, C. Species Plantarum, vol. 2 p. 971. 1753.Linné, Carl von. Sp. Pl. Vol. 2 Page ...
Citations Providers
What we’d like to do        http://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/BHL+and+Gaming                                             ^Ch...
2007 Name Finding Study    >35% OCR error rate for names only   Of the 3,003 names, 1,056 were incorrectly transcribed by ...
Abbild ungen und Beschreibungen                   der               Fische Syriens,                    nebsteiner neuen Cl...
Older material• Great deal of material is pre-1923• Irregular fonts – blackletter• Multiple languages on same page – Engli...
*E.xvi�c�piteI von c. cXx.WptdvonfnrWmnbu�fbe;bcn.5 am cix bIa � S &3rn~ 41Xa�m cv(f b1air�o�et ert oiensr �; �,:�hlrfc�c ...
Expanding scope• Manuscripts, field notebooks –mostly  handwritten, often with drawings• Global expansion means dealing wi...
Images
OCR Improvements• Gaming• Transcription
OCR Improvements• Transcription• Purposeful Gaming• Crowdsource Markup
Transcribe Bentham• A collaboration of the University of London Computer  Centre, UCL Library Services and UCL Learning an...
Transcribe Bentham• Who were the volunteers?• http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000125/000125.html
Transcribe Bentham• Age ranges• http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000125/000125.html
http://blog.winepresspublishing.com/2011/05/pubtoons-23-angry-books/
Purposeful GamingSpace        Climate                       Humanities             Nature          Biology
Purposeful GamingDIGITALKOOT• Joint project run by the National Library  of Finland and Microtask to index the  librarys e...
Purposeful GamingDIGITALKOOT• Joint project run by the National Library  of Finland and Microtask to index the  librarys e...
Purposeful GamingDIGITALKOOT• Joint project run by the National Library  of Finland and Microtask to index the  librarys e...
OCR ImprovementsGerman text interpreted by the OCR process as:    “unb auf ben ©elnrgen be6 fublic{)en”
OCR Improvements                                                       Transcription   Transcription                      ...
Crowdsource MarkupDisplay text                              Species Profile Model categoryGeneral/summary                 ...
Thank youWilliam UlateGlobal BHL Project Manager / Technical DirectorMissouri Botanical Gardenwilliam.ulate@mobot.orgSkype...
The BHL way to content
The BHL way to content
The BHL way to content
The BHL way to content
The BHL way to content
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The BHL way to content

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Presentation given by William Ulate, BHL Technical Director and Global BHL Coordinator on Wednesday February 13, 2013 during the pro-iBiosphere at Leiden

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  • For the meeting on Wednesday on legacy literature, we would like to ask you to give a brief (5-10min) outline of what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content. This would be helpful for a more informed following discussion.
  • ExtensiveAiming for a critical mass of biodiversity literatureGlobalOriginating in the US and UK, BHL now has nodes in Europe, China, Australia, Brazil, Egypt, and AfricaOpen Data is freely available for viewing, downloading, and re-use
  • Title:The Art of Life Schema: describing and providing access to natural history illustrations form the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) Authors:William Ulate (Missouri Botanical Garden): William.Ulate@mobot.orgTrish Rose-Sandler (Missouri Botanical Garden); trish.rose-sandler@mobot.orgGaurav Vaidya (University of Colorado Boulder): gaurav@ggvaidya.comRobert Guralnick (University of Colorado): robgur@gmail.com 
  • Natural history illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Library seem to leap across boundaries while being catalogued, emerging simultaneously as history, science and art. As historic documents, they paint a vibrant picture of the first time European scientists and explorers encountered exotic plants and animals in the 17th and 18th centuries, drawn by some of the finest illustrators of the world.   Also, as biodiversity records, they provide valuable documentation of when, where, and who first observed a species, and some of them are our only surviving representations of extinct species.  Finally, as aesthetic elements, they communicate human emotions and other values toward nature by exemplifying the mimesis in art and providing a vivid expression of human creativity and imagination.This year, the Missouri Botanical Garden received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to support a project called The Art of Life: Data Mining and Crowdsourcing the Identification and Description of Natural History Illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL).
  • Initially, software tools will help discover visual resources (illustrations, maps, and other works of art) in BHL’s corpus, and basic metadata will be recorded. These resources will then be shared on multiple image delivery systems, including Flickr and the Wikimedia Commons, where citizen scientists will be able to add further annotations. Because of the wide diversity of information that a citizen scientist can add to any image, a comprehensive yet manageable schema is needed to help standardize inputs and enable synchronization and seamless import back into the BHL databases.
  • The authors have worked on the development of an effective metadata schema for such natural history illustrations, but instead of developing yet another schema from scratch, they have identified existing schemas that meet the needs of the project and integrated a solution that combines the best in biodiversity informatics and image curation standards and best practices. This schema needs to support three main objectives:  (1) to enable the discovery, description and use of the identified images by artists, biologists, humanities scholars, and educators;  (2) to make BHL’s metadata and images available to other platforms; and  (3) to import crowdsourced metadata generated in other platforms back into BHL..A preliminary schema version will be presented to the TDWG community, explaining how we addressed metadata challenges specific to biodiversity data, in order to obtain feedback on the final version.
  • [Define functional requirements]Experience with Citebank has resulted in many lessons learned about working with diverse publication types; data formats; and contributors with varying levels of technical competencies. Those lessons were incorporated into a functional requirements document that is being used to inform development of the BHL data model.============Where are we going?- Work with ZooBank & Index Fungorum to integrate BHL’s existing OpenURL resolver- Authoritative list of titles in common use for nomenclatural acts &resolution/reconciliation tools (“TL3”)- Harvest relevant content from Mendeley using taxonomical intelligence tools- Define services and interfaces for “dirty bucket” and “clean bucket” data storage & reuse to accommodate GNUB data model- Interoperate with Wilden & Shorthouse work on citation parsing tools & services
  • Mention Neti Neti
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?
  • We ask the user to provide metadata if they’re generating a chapter or book title
  • [Diagram of citations reconciliation]In support of this, BHL will provide a key functional component to the GNA - that of reconciliation services for citations. Once reconciled, citations can be linked either to scanned page images in the BHL, or to PDFs uploaded by users. If neither exists, citations can point to other digital representations online.
  • [Citebank stats]2. Enabled automated importing into Citebank via OAI-PMH. This feature is used on a daily basis to update content from digital libraries (BHL), institutional repositories (Smithsonian & AMNH DSpace), government agencies (SciELO), and publishers (Pensoft).3. Enabled batch-loading of content from learned societies and publishers who don't have a publishing platform. Content is now available for the Journal of East Africa Natural History Association, American Mosquito Control Association, and others. A complete list of data providers is available at http://www.citebank.org/about/content_providers.4. Enabled import and crosslinking of other online digital libraries without APIs, such as Biblioteca Digital del Real JardínBotánico de Madrid / CSIC and the Organization for Tropical Studies Article Repository (OTS).=====5. Established a collection at Internet Archive for contributed Citebank materials at http://www.archive.org/details/citebank. Each file uploaded to Citebank is copied to IA for serving, plus IA produces a wide variety of derivatives from uploaded files, including OCR, which are then available via open APIs for data mining and other activities. An example: http://www.archive.org/details/cbarchive_138136_projectcoralfishlooksatpalau1846 and its record in Citebank: http://citebank.org/node/1381366. Enabled sign-on and upload of bibliographic metadata and associated files for individual contributors
  • BHL has more than 300,000 pages tagged as a "Table of Contents" (and more that aren't tagged), which lists articles, chapters, and other structural boundaries in BHL scanned books. We'd like to have those pages keyed into a select number of fields so that we can index & find BHL content by article title, author of article, and to provide a more convenient way of browsing BHL texts online.BHL has OCR for each of its scanned pages. We send that OCR to the TaxonFinder algorithm, which identifies strings that "look like" scientific names, then compares them to NameBank, a list of known names, which is incomplete (there does not exist a comprehensive list of all the world's scientific names). We have more than 90 million strings (as of Feb 2012) that have been identified by the algorithm as a possible scientific name, and 76 million of those candidate strings have been matched to a known name. The remaining 14 million candidates are where all the intriguing stuff resides - is it a name that's not in NameBank, is it a misspelling or misOCRed string that matches to a known name, or even is it a name that's only ever appeared in the published record once & been lost to science ever since?ontained within BHL’s digitized texts are millions of visual resources (plates, illustrations, figures, maps, and other images), many of which were produced by the finest botanical and zoological illustrators in the world, including the likes of John James Audubon, Georg Dionysus Ehret, and Pierre Redouté. These images are currently minimally described at a structural page level, enabling citation resolvers and human users to navigate to illustrations by page numbers, but the images lack sufficient descriptive metadata to enable dynamic filtering and inquiry based on factors like image type, color content, subject matter, or even names of the organisms depicted in the images.
  • You can see from this slide that accuracy goes way down when processing older blackletter-type typefaces.
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • On legacy literature, what your plans are with BHL, and especially your move into content?GrowthMore Global ContentTaxon NamesArticle MetadataMicrocitations and COiNSAPIZoobankOCR improvements through GamingCrowdsource MarkupWFO?
  • The BHL way to content

    1. 1. The BHL way to content William Ulate BHL Technical Director Global BHL Coordinator Leiden, Netherlands February 14, 2013
    2. 2. What is BHL? The Biodiversity Heritage Library isa consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize and make accessible the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.”
    3. 3. Extensive
    4. 4. Global…
    5. 5. New Partners and Geographies
    6. 6. Dear Sir / Madam Can i just congratulate you on anThe freeing of knowledge absolutely brilliant onlinemay lead to new resource. I am compiling adiscoveries and changes report on an invasive hydromedusae and could notin the way the natural believe the ease and efficiencyworld is perceived of this web page which genuinely saved me weeks of my lifeLa plus grande#bibliotheque #botanique & Research that previously#zoologique online The took months now takeslargest online botanical & only a few hourszoological #library #BHL
    7. 7. More Online Content Pages (Millions) and Volumes (in Thousands) included in BHL120 105.85100 94.6 84.86 80 60 40 40.00 38.9 35.4 31.8 20 22.00 Volumes (K) 16.4 9.2 Pages (M) - Oct-08 Oct-09 Oct-10 Oct-11 Oct-12
    8. 8. Global Replication & Serving Replicated Data Center Portal Application
    9. 9. > 390,000 views in 10 months> 1200 sets> 60,000+ images
    10. 10. The Art of Life project: describing and providing access tonatural history illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) Example of illustration described using Art of Life schema Title Stictospiza formosa Type Illustrations Date Publication: 1898 Agent Author: Arthur G. Butler (1844-1925) Illustrator: F.W. Frohawk (1861-1946) Description A pair of finches with green and yellow bodies resting on reeds Subjects Scientific name: Amandava formosa (Latham, 1790) Vernacular Name: Green Avadavat or Green Munia Accepted Name: Amandava formosa (Latham, 1790) Birds, finches Inscriptions bottom center: Green Amaduvade Waxbill (Stictospiza formosa) Source Butler, Arthur Gardiner. Foreign finches in captivity. Hull and London: Brumby and Clarke, limited,1889 (2nd edition). This image comes from the Biodiversity Heritage Library, and is available online at biodiversitylibrary.org/page/17195895 Rights Public domain Art of Life schema elements required in Red Element Definition Examples Repea t Agents person or corporate entity involved in <vra:agent> Y the creation, design, production, or <vra:name type="personal" vocab="LCNAF" refid="89015596> publication of a visual resource. Curtis,John</vra:name> <vra:dates type="life"> <vra:earliestDate>1791</vra:earliestDate> <vra:latestDate>1862</vra:latestDate> </vra:dates> <vra:role vocab="AAT" refid="300025574">publisher</vra:role> </vra:agent> Copyright The copyright status of the visual <vra:rights refid=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- N resource. nc/2.0/deed.en”>Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0) </vra:rights> Date Date or range of dates associated with <vra:date type="creation"> Y the creation or publication of the visual <vra:earliestDate>1945</vra:earliestDate> resource. <vra:latestDate>1955</vra:latestDate> </vra:date> Description A free-text note about content of the <vra:description>This illustration shows a scale, coloured illustration Y image, including comments, description, of Sepsis annulipes (now known as Encita annulipes) beside the or interpretation, that gives additional Trifolium ochroleucum plant. Several dissections from Sepsis information not recorded in other cylindrica Fab. (all these details are provided on the next page of this categories. book and the subsequent page).</vra:description> Inscriptions All marks, caption, or written words <vra:inscription> Y added to the object at the time of <vra:position>bottom</vra:position> production or in its subsequent history, <vra:text>Radula of L. souleyetianum on a more including signatures, dates, dedications, reduced scale</vra:text> texts, and colophons, as well as marks, </vra:inscription> such as the stamps of silversmiths, publishers, or printers. Source A citation for the book, journal or <vra:source><vra:name type=”book”>Butler, Arthur Gardiner. N resource that hosts the visual resource Foreign finches in captivity. HullBrumby and Clarke, limited,1889 (2nd edition). </vra:name> <vra:refid type=”URI”>http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/17195895</vra:refid> </vra:source> Subject Terms or phrases that describe, identify, <vra:subject><vra:term type=”personalName”>Carl Y or interpret the visual resource. Linnaeus</vra:term></vra:subject> <dwc:scientificName>Plant: Picea abies</dwc:scientificName> <dwc:acceptedName>Plant: Picea abies</dwc:acceptedName> <dwc:vernacularName>Plant: Norway spruce<dwc:vernacularName> We welcome your feedback on the schema! http://tinyurl.com/9hm7nsb Title The title or identifying phrase given to an <vra:title xml:lang=”la”>Sepsis annulipes</vra:title> Y Image <vra:title type=“alternate”>Orangutan</vra:title>
    11. 11. Where are we?• Scientific Name Extraction – Improved algorithm (Thanks uBio!)• Articles – Extended BHL data model to store article metadata – Content and Process to harvest data from BioStor in place• Create user interfaces for adding article metadata and associated files – Functional requirements defined – Process flow for adding article metadata and associated files – Implement UI changes• Change BHL UI to accommodate article search• Change BHL UI to accommodate article display (TOC)
    12. 12. Scientific Name Extraction• TaxonFinder algorithm in production since 2008 – More than 100 million candidate name strings – More than 1.5 million unique, verified names – Available through UI, APIs, Data Exports & Internet Archive• New collaboration with Global Names – Improved algorithm, better precision & recall – More data with TaxonFinder and Neti Neti!
    13. 13. Taxon NamesBEFOREName Instances 101,591,803 101,288,804Unique Names 7,498,554 7,464,924Verified Names 1,905,507 1,902,803EOL Names 63,130,350 62,963,582EOL Pages 13,579,868 13,532,684AFTERName Instances 151,222,182 150,066,425Unique Names 29,246,382 29,091,767Verified Names 10,153,165 10,109,540EOL Names 87,791,695 87,135,089EOL Pages 15,466,713 15,342,867
    14. 14. Part-level metadata• Disambiguating and locating structural components in the corpus• Done by automated and crowdsourced means – Thanks Rod Page! Welcome others!• Greatly increases semantic value of the dataset• Addressing important – makes data addressable and thus linkable
    15. 15. Articles in the BHL UI
    16. 16. Images
    17. 17. PDF Generator
    18. 18. Support citation reconciliation..Linneaus, C. Species Plantarum, vol. 2 p. 971. 1753.Linné, Carl von. Sp. Pl. Vol. 2 Page 971. 1753. Caroli Linnaei, Species Plantarum exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera.relatas, cum Differentis Specificis, Nominibus Trivialibus,2:971. 1753 Selectis, Locis Natalibus, secundum SYSTEMA SEXUALE digestas.. Synonymis.L. Sp. Pl. 2: 971. 1753. Zea mays
    19. 19. Citations Providers
    20. 20. What we’d like to do http://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/BHL+and+Gaming ^Challenges framed as games• Improve OCR• Rekeying Tables of Contents• Researching candidate Scientific Names• Image identification & extraction – http://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/Art+of+Life – Currently funded by NEH
    21. 21. 2007 Name Finding Study >35% OCR error rate for names only Of the 3,003 names, 1,056 were incorrectly transcribed by OCR. Top OCR errors 1 Insert Space 8 n->v 35.16% 2 Omit Space 9 l->i 3 e->c 10 r->i 4 u->I 11 u->ii 5 u->n 12 h->lWei, et al. An Evaluation of Taxonomic Name Recognition (TNR) in the 6 i->l 13 h->iiBiodiversity Heritage Library. Proceedings of TDWG. 2008.http://www.tdwg.org/proceedings/article/view/380 7 c->e 14 e->o
    22. 22. Abbild ungen und Beschreibungen der Fische Syriens, nebsteiner neuen Classification und Characteristik sämmtlicher Gattungen der i JOH. JAKOB HECKEL,Inipectoi am k. k. Hof-Natur.-iUenkabinete in Wien, mehr, yelelirt. UeHtllMeii. MIfglivd. STUTTGART. E. Schweizerbart sehe Verlagshandlung, 1843.
    23. 23. Older material• Great deal of material is pre-1923• Irregular fonts – blackletter• Multiple languages on same page – English text with Latin scientific names• Changes in geographic names• Changes in scientific names
    24. 24. *E.xvi�c�piteI von c. cXx.WptdvonfnrWmnbu�fbe;bcn.5 am cix bIa � S &3rn~ 41Xa�m cv(f b1air�o�et ert oiensr �; �,:�hlrfc�c wa ff�4am.diug bist a6aiw~s ff oJrJtwt nof bL4ecImt& blfafra memb t wag `wr 4 cn wiu 4 e8t5m.ed bvUratflb ckwuo, ma144*4I bttE5rmbebt =rt3kn am4ratif vrmr Waff C * t6rmnli an `tn�ciblatGteaMw ?ffoaifrn w4wmeu nu weib e , wpiteIvoE5teiri ct c ober gtUcr cit cm` 91 cLi biar J >bSciatl�Oiff ;Bruet wacfttc n qmcx b1a bl:bt5c lttmtt bb9 lkr w.llr#e iti ncn xoa ff cu :rtrtuft *e t � B Rn "� trv W1Rt ?Cm c blaswaIwutr Ober �ci ti 1V Ces wtgbtiemwwajfu tpctt, afferain 9 c: b�titbfof�r f eran m rs bra wlg auig4;f aer�m *mc vrtblatcabtfm wfru andeg~m rt blas IaumbwWt� run f ncmai b14ianf tJobrrfanebrut4net vnber Brwt Ober awawi*m.crriiibtafwfm uww c on$ it ttu wttkc 5,10 $ m~Cfca trc* cx u W�e�&mcyfbq4 Mabtt mmwrc a iiu bc Jcn ncI.end.*, blat s. a u:�rprd3rw4ftf wm c ii,+ ttCC tn wa frr9fr orfab fcfbtenb c optiti bt -r9 ceDa ttDcn i34M sn Sem i
    25. 25. Expanding scope• Manuscripts, field notebooks –mostly handwritten, often with drawings• Global expansion means dealing with non- Western script systems and a whole new set of OCR problems – Arabic materials from Bibliotheca Alexandria in Egypt
    26. 26. Images
    27. 27. OCR Improvements• Gaming• Transcription
    28. 28. OCR Improvements• Transcription• Purposeful Gaming• Crowdsource Markup
    29. 29. Transcribe Bentham• A collaboration of the University of London Computer Centre, UCL Library Services and UCL Learning and Media Services with consultation from the UCL Centre for Digital Humanities• Volunteer users can log-in and transcribe previously unstudied and unpublished manuscripts from the Bentham Papers collection in UCL Librarys Special Collections in the Transcription Desk.• Since launch, volunteers from around the world have transcribed several thousand Bentham manuscripts to an extremely high standard.• Results and findings: http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000125/000125.html
    30. 30. Transcribe Bentham• Who were the volunteers?• http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000125/000125.html
    31. 31. Transcribe Bentham• Age ranges• http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000125/000125.html
    32. 32. http://blog.winepresspublishing.com/2011/05/pubtoons-23-angry-books/
    33. 33. Purposeful GamingSpace Climate Humanities Nature Biology
    34. 34. Purposeful GamingDIGITALKOOT• Joint project run by the National Library of Finland and Microtask to index the librarys enormous archives so that they are searchable on the Internet for easier access to the Finnish cultural heritage.• Launched on Feb 8 2011, nearly 110 000 participants completed over 8 million word fixing tasks by Nov 29 2012• DigiTalkoot enabled volunteers to participate in this fixing work by playing games.
    35. 35. Purposeful GamingDIGITALKOOT• Joint project run by the National Library of Finland and Microtask to index the librarys enormous archives so that they are searchable on the Internet for easier access to the Finnish cultural heritage.• Launched on Feb 8 2011, nearly 110 000 participants completed over 8 million word fixing tasks by Nov 29 2012• DigiTalkoot enabled volunteers to participate in this fixing work by playing games.
    36. 36. Purposeful GamingDIGITALKOOT• Joint project run by the National Library of Finland and Microtask to index the librarys enormous archives so that they are searchable on the Internet for easier access to the Finnish cultural heritage.• Launched on Feb 8 2011, nearly 110 000 participants completed over 8 million word fixing tasks by Nov 29 2012• DigiTalkoot enabled volunteers to participate in this fixing work by playing games.
    37. 37. OCR ImprovementsGerman text interpreted by the OCR process as: “unb auf ben ©elnrgen be6 fublic{)en”
    38. 38. OCR Improvements Transcription Transcription IA OCR OCR 2 1 21 unb und und und Ok2 den ben den den Ok3 ©elnrgen ©ebirgen Bebirgen Gebirgen X4 be6 des de5 des Chk5 fublic{)en fublichen Füdlichen Südlichen X6 £)eittfc{)(anb6 Deutfchlanbs Deutfchlands Deutschlands X Different resulting texts from parsing the phrase: “und auf den Gebirgen des südlichen Deutschlands” (“and on the mountains of southern Germany”)
    39. 39. Crowdsource MarkupDisplay text Species Profile Model categoryGeneral/summary TaxonBiologyGeographic range DistributionHabitat HabitatFood sources and feeding behavior TrophicStrategyPhysical description (general) DescriptionPhysical description (detailed morphology) DiagnosticDescription
    40. 40. Thank youWilliam UlateGlobal BHL Project Manager / Technical DirectorMissouri Botanical Gardenwilliam.ulate@mobot.orgSkype: william_ulate_r
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