EA in two posters
John Chi-Zong Wu
Propose a two poster EA approach.
An intuitive EA suitable to these different audiences and
the value proposition for each of them.
The benefit of Enterprise Map
The benefit of Master Plan.
“How to” is out scope of this presentation.
EA can be as simple as two posters for all levels of stakeholders
The posters illustrate “What is the Enterprise?” from the
aspect of why (Value Chain), what (Business Capability), how
(Concept of operation), who (Organization), where (Location)
and when (Workload).
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. The combination
of common information become sensitive enterprise material.
It also illustrate the automation and information landscape in
the context of enterprise definition.
In addition, It also illustrate internal and external connectivity.
The Enterprise map illustrate the enterprise environment.
The master plan illustrate the target architecture .
The purpose of Two Poster EA
EA for all level of stakeholers.
Hard copy posters serve well for human cognition.
Although technology have evolved rapidly, human
cognition capability is the same for many thousands of
EA artifacts are locked in repository, heavy volumes of
documents in the dark.
Stealth EA have no value.
Why EA posters ?
The two page EA takes less than 20% of EA effort.
However under the 80/20 rule:
80% of people use the 20% of EA.
20% of EA effort deliver 80% EA value.
The 80% of people are the business community.
The 20% of people are the engineering and developers.
80% of stakeholders use 20% of EA
EA is a matter between Atomism and Holism rather than
IT and business.
Nineteenth-century science went wrong mostly because of
the hard and narrow concept of causation which
EA is the effort to incorporate holistic inspiration to the
atomism dominate architecture world.
Incorporate holistic inspiration
“Enterprise” is invisible for no one to see.
Enterprise Map enable every one to see the whole from
the aspect of why, what, how, who, where and when. The
whole is much greater than the sum of its parts.
Most of people mistaken the parts the have touched as
Enterprise Map enable every one to see the true whole via
collaborative effort and consensus.
Enterprise map see the as-is environment.
Enterprise map consist of automation and information
landscape in business context.
Enterprise Map to see the whole
In the past, Enterprise architect have focused on
technologies and acting as redundantly as the solution
They expect to see application, data and IT infrastructure
EA is an emerging paradigm to architect the enterprise.
It is the orderly arrangement of business capabilities,
organizations, locations, workload, application and
The subject of EA is the enterprise not the technologies.
EA to architect the enterprise
Holistic and whole are abstractive concept and complicate
Holistic concern about a function whole which can be large
or small as described in macrocosm and microcosm.
“Enterprise” means a functional whole.
To keep holistic concept simple, EA take a practical holistic
approach by considering an subject from the holistic
aspect of why, what, how, who, where and when as
described in the Zachman framework.
Holistic from the aspect of 1H and 5W
The Enterprise Map Specification
Value Chain Concept of
Title Block & legend
D size drawing
(36” X 24”) to
post on the
Reduce to C
set for desktop
Enterprise map apply the principle of the whole is much
greater than the sum of its part.
A piece of common information may not be significant,
however, it can become sensitive information by putting
the pieces together.
In atomistic culture, value chain, concept of operation,
business capability, location maps, organization chart,
workload are the unrelated common information.
Enterprise map put all the pieces information on one page
to render the unseen enterprise.
The whole is greater than sum of parts
Enterprise map is inclusive, it is not a pie on the sky.
The criteria of Enterprise Map is that, every one can find a
their image in the enterprise.
Without the enterprise map, the staff members have
focused on their part.
The map enable the enterprise to share and reuse from
Every one as part of enterprise
Enterprise Map serve well as an orientation tool for all
level of new staff members
New staff member spend significant time to know the organization.
With the enterprise maps, it takes only a few day to new staff
members to be productive.
Enterprise map enable the old staff to see the whole. Many staff have
worked in their area for many years without the enterprise big picture.
Enterprise Map for orientation
Enterprise map serve well a mnemonic device for memory
Long time staff members have encountered overwhelming
explosion of institutional knowledge, the enterprise map
serve well as mnemonic device to retrieve old memory.
Looking at an enterprise map, a person can easily tell a
long time forgotten story.
Enterprise Map as a mnemonic device
Enterprise Map is a collaborative effort. It include:
The knowledge we know.
The knowledge we know we do not know.
The knowledge we do not know we do not know.
Enterprise Map is established via collaborative effort.
On the other hand, it is facilitate the enterprise
Enterprise Map to facilitate collaboration
Master plan analogy to city plan
Master plan is analogy to a city
Enterprise map allow every one to
see the whole and aware of
Master Plan, analogy to a city
plan, plans for the future.
Master plan is the target and
guiding principle for the
Prepare Master plan from Enterprise Map
Enterprise Map does not only describe the existing environment,
It can also used to plan for the future.
Use Enterprise map as the based to plan for future as the master
Business reorganization. Organization consolidation.
Further discussion in the presentation of Master Plan
Reorganization is the corporate management term for the
act of reorganizing the legal, ownership, operational, or
other structures of a company for the purpose of making it
more profitable, or better organized for its present needs.
Most business reorganization are conducted as an art.
Business reorganization should be conducted systematic
approach from the aspect of business capability, workload,
business operation and business location.
Master plan lead enterprise reorganization from a holistic
Use MP for business reorganization
The major challenge of enterprise is the gaps between
strategy instead of lack of sound strategy.
Gap between strategy and execution due to lack of
understanding on the strategy.
Chain of command can be very missleading.
Master plan on an intuitive page become an institutional
Every one can comprehend the enterprise vision and
strategy to close the gaps between strategy and
US MP to bridge strategy and execution
Use MP to prepare heat map
A heat map is an information
visualization technique that
uses color to represent
attributes of information in a
Master plan can be used to
prepare heat map .
The heat map is used to support
strategic planning on closing the
business performance gaps due
to constant change in the organic
Enterprise Map illustrate the coherence
customer’s need, value chain, business
capabilities, organization chart, location,
information and workload.
Business capability satisfy to customer’s need.
Business capabilities align to value chain.
Organization in coherence to business
Information landscape derived from business
Workload based on business capability.
Location in coherence to business workload.
Automation align to business capabilities.
Use MP in seeking coherence
Simple for stakeholders but not for EAs
The two poster EA approach is by no mean to say EA
It is simple for the stakeholders but not for the
The challenge is how to package the complicate EA in
a simple presentation to raise the attention on the
value of EA.
EA is an emerging paradigm, the
posters are only the tip of EA
The two posters are the result of
enterprise architecture effort.
The purpose is to lead the
stakeholder to under water
treasure of EA
Posters are the tip of EA iceberg
An enterprise can have many Two poster EA.
In holistic concept, a universe consist of many small
universe and each one is a functional whole.
In a family, parents does not own their children,
each one of them is a functional whole.
An enterprise does not only have “One EA”, each
sub enterprise is a functional whole and reflect the
same image as describe in Macrocosm and
In mechanical concept, there is only function whole
and the rest of parts are not functional whole.
An enterprise have multiple sets of posters
EA can be as simple for the stakeholders as two posters.
The two poster constitute the foundation of enterprise architecture .
80% of stakeholders only use 20% of EA artifact.
The posters are easy for the stakeholders but not easy to prepare.
EA is an emerging paradigm.
Enterprise Map is a collaborative work, Enterprise Architects serve as
the “Glue” not the “Glue” .