Adverb Clauses 08

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7P Adverb Clause Notes

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Adverb Clauses 08

  1. 1. Adverb Clause
  2. 2. Adverb Clause <ul><li>1. A subordinate clause that works just like an adverb </li></ul><ul><li>2. Modifies verbs (mainly), adjectives and other adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>3. Tells where , when , how , why , to what extent , or under what condition . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adverb Clause <ul><li>Positions in the sentence: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adverb Clause <ul><li>1. An Adverb clause can come at the beginning of a sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>After the game began , I went to the snack bar. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adverb Clause <ul><li>2. An Adverb clause can come after a verb: </li></ul><ul><li>I left when I got bored . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adverb Clause <ul><li>3. It can come after an adjective: </li></ul><ul><li>He was unhappy because he fell down the stairs . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adverb Clause <ul><li>4. It can come after noun (BUT will not describe it): </li></ul><ul><li>I will go to the mall as soon as I get home . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Adverb Clause <ul><li>When to use punctuation? (Commas) </li></ul><ul><li>Introductory adverb clause is followed by a comma: </li></ul><ul><li>After the game began, I went to the snack bar. </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb clause at the end of the sentence has no comma: </li></ul><ul><li>I went to the snack bar after the game began. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Adverb Clauses <ul><li>Adverb clauses begin with a word or words called Subordinating Conjunctions . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Adverb Clauses <ul><li>Subordinating Conjunctions – show the relationship between the adverb clause and the word or words that the clause modifies. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>… AFTER the game begins… </li></ul><ul><li>...SINCE I left California… </li></ul><ul><li>...ALTHOUGH I was tired… </li></ul><ul><li>… SO that I can go home to bed… </li></ul><ul><li>… BEFORE I get home… </li></ul><ul><li>… WHERE they belong… </li></ul><ul><li>...WHEREVER you go… </li></ul><ul><li>...IF you go to bed early… </li></ul><ul><li>...WHETHER you win or lose… </li></ul><ul><li>… UNTIL we meet again... </li></ul>
  12. 12. Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>… AS THOUGH he had sense… </li></ul><ul><li>… WHEN I turn the corner… </li></ul><ul><li>… BECAUSE I said so… </li></ul><ul><li>… WHENEVER I want to… </li></ul><ul><li>… THAN I thought... </li></ul><ul><li>… AS IF it were sane… </li></ul><ul><li>… AS LONG AS she can… </li></ul><ul><li>...UNLESS you fail the test… </li></ul><ul><li>… AS SOON AS I can… </li></ul><ul><li>...WHILE you were sleeping... </li></ul>
  13. 13. NOTE: <ul><li>The words after , as, before , since and until are also commonly used as prepositions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before the game , I got a snack. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before the game began , I got a snack. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE? </li></ul></ul>

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