World History Class January 13, 2009

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World History Class January 13, 2009

  1. 1. January 13, 2009 Soldiers in Iraq can supper more than physical injuries. They can and do suffer from post traumatic stress disorder. Recently the Pentagon decided against awarding medals for post traumatic stress disorder. What do you think? Are medals only for physical injuries?
  2. 2. The Purple Heart <ul><li>Awarded to members of the military wounded in combat </li></ul><ul><li>World War II: 964,409 </li></ul><ul><li>Korea: 136,936 </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam: 200,676 </li></ul><ul><li>Persian Gulf: 590 </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan: 2,743 (as of 8/21/2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq: 33,923 (as of 8/21/2008) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Homework <ul><li>What question would you ask Toussaint Louverture if you could? </li></ul><ul><li>I know you don’t know who he is, but by the end of the day you will. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Haiti <ul><li>Located in the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Originally colonized by the French </li></ul><ul><li>Site of sugar plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Site of the largest successful slave rebellion in history </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sugar is grown on plantations. It is very profitable, but it was the deadliest form of plantation slavery there was.
  6. 6. The French Revolution <ul><li>The revolution loosened French rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Africans on Haiti expected the Declaration of the Rights of Man would apply to them. </li></ul><ul><li>When the French refused, free Africans revolted. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1791 - The Slaves join the fight <ul><li>No one expected the slaves to fight </li></ul><ul><li>The French tried to put down the rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>In 1794 the Declaration of the Rights of Man was applied to Free Africans, but slavery remained </li></ul>
  8. 8. Toussaint Louverture <ul><li>Self educated former slave </li></ul><ul><li>Re – conquered Haiti for the French </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled Haiti for a few years </li></ul><ul><li>Ended slavery in Haiti and also freed slaves in nearby Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Toussaint Louverture <ul><li>Slavery ended during his rule </li></ul><ul><li>Issued a constitution for Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>Was persuaded to join with the French in 1802 </li></ul><ul><li>Louverture was betrayed and imprisoned by the French </li></ul><ul><li>He died in prison in 1802 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Haiti Wins Independence <ul><li>Jean Jacques Dessalines was the next leader of the Haitians </li></ul><ul><li>The Haitians were helped by the British blockade of the French </li></ul><ul><li>Dessalines beats the French on November 18, 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>The French quit </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Haitian Republic <ul><li>On January 1, 1804 Haiti is declared a republic </li></ul><ul><li>The Second republic in the western world </li></ul><ul><li>The largest successful slave rebellion ever </li></ul>
  12. 12. Classwork <ul><li>Questions p. 675 Skillbuilder p, 674. </li></ul><ul><li>Also… </li></ul><ul><li>Create a miniposter about the Haitian revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Write a letter proposing honoring Toussaint Louverture on a stamp. </li></ul>

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