JANUARY 3, 2012 The US Constitution allowed for slavery, yet we celebrate it as a document that makes us free. How do we reconcile these points of view?
OBJECTIVE: Students will assess the impact of the 3/5ths compromise and the invention of the cotton gin on slavery. They will be assessed on their answers to the questions on P. 149 to 153
HOMEWORK:Complete any work that might still be incomplete
SLAVERY IN THE NORTH WAS DYING OUT Some northern states outlawed slavery after the revolution Some did it immediately Some did it gradually NO southern state outlawed slavery until after the Civil War
SLAVERY WAS CONCENTRATED IN THE SOUTH
VOCABULARY: 3/5 COMPROMISE
WHAT DID THE 3/5 COMPROMISE MEAN? It gave representatives in slave states more representatives in congress than they would otherwise have had This gave slaveholders much more power in Congress
ELI WHITNEY AND THE COTTON GIN Teacher / tutor to plantation owners children Also invented the concept of interchangeable parts Did not get rich off his invention
COTTON Plant fiber Needs a warm climate Used as far back as 5,000 years ago Needs care, to protect the plants from pests The seeds must be cleaned from the fibers for the cotton to be used
COTTON GIN Gin stands for engine Engine meant the same as machine back then Before the cotton gin, one slave could clean 1 pound of cotton After, one slave could clean 50 pounds
THE EFFECTS OF THE COTTON GIN Cotton production increased dramatically Slavery increased in the deep south
CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING What is the 3/5ths compromise? Why was the cotton gin important?
CLASS WORK Create a flyer announcing the availability of the cotton gin OR Write a 3 paragraph editorial arguing against the 3/5 compromise
EXIT TICKETWhat were the consequences of the cotton gin?