(Week1) intro government, politics, and the policymaking process

1,327 views

Published on

Intro to American Government

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,327
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • THINK American Government 2011
  • (Week1) intro government, politics, and the policymaking process

    1. 1. Intro: Government, Politics, and the Policymaking Process Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. UPI Photo/Michael Kleinfield/Newscom
    2. 2. The Importance of Government <ul><li>Politics and government have enormous influence on us. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government affects us through </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regulations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>If we understand how it works, we will be better equipped to take advantage of the benefits and services. </li></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    3. 3. The Importance of Government <ul><li>Philosophical questions concerning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kinds of service government should provide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What limits should be placed on it, addressed by individual preferences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowing how government influences our lives helps us frame responses to these philosophical questions. </li></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    4. 4. <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution with the authority to set policy for society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions inherently political </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The way in which decisions for a society are made and considered binding most of the time by most of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government and politics are intertwined. </li></ul>Government and Politics Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Bill Fritsch/Brand X/Corbis
    5. 5. The Policymaking Process <ul><li>Public Policy: what government officials choose to do or not to do about public problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Government policies can take the form of laws, executive orders, administrative regulations, court decisions, or, in some cases, no action at all. </li></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    6. 6. <ul><li>The policymaking process takes place within a context of the factors that determine problems that government addresses, the set of policy alternatives that decision-makers are willing to consider, and the resources available to the government for addressing the problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Issues, responses, and resources, all depend on these environments: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The Policymaking Process
    7. 7. <ul><li>The policymaking process has several stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda Setting : the process through which problems become matters of public concern and government action. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Formulation : involves the development of strategies for dealing with the problems on the official policy agenda. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Adoption : official decision of a government body to accept a particular policy and put it into effect. </li></ul>The Policymaking Process Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    8. 8. <ul><li>Policy Legitimation : actions taken by government officials to ensure citizens regard a policy as legal and appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Implementation : the stage of the policy process in which policies are carried out. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Evaluation : Is the policy working well? </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Change : the modification of policy goals and means in light of new information or shifting political environments. </li></ul>The Policymaking Process Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

    ×