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Chapter 7 Political  Participation  Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Peter Casolino/Alamy
Forms of Participation <ul><li>Political participation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity that has the intent or effect of in...
Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Douglas McFadd/Stringer/Getty Images News/Getty Images
Patterns of Participation <ul><li>Factors That Influence Participation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Resources </li></ul...
Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. MR. MONOPOLY © 1935, 2009 Hasbro. All rights reserved....
Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Paul Hawthorne/Getty Images Trends in Voter Turnout <u...
Trends in Voter Turnout <ul><li>Voter Turnout in the United States: 2004 and 2008 presidential elections suggest that the ...
Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Wally McNamee/ CORBIS
Participation Rates in  Comparative Perspective <ul><li>When compared to other industrialized democracies, the United Stat...
Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. suravid/Shutterstock
Does Low Turnout Matter? <ul><li>Participation Bias </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of individuals who are more likely t...
Does Low Turnout Matter? <ul><li>Increasing Voter Turnout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Voter Registration Act of 1993: a...
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(Week 4) political participation

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  • Political participation is an activity that has the intent or effect of influencing government action. The most common form of political participation is voting. Other methods of participation include election campaigning, contacting public officials, joining and/or supporting interest groups, and engaging in unconventional political acts, such as protest demonstrations.
  • Political science research shows that political participation rates vary based on: income age race/ethnicity gender
  • The most important factors influencing individual participation are: personal resources psychological engagement voter mobilization community involvement
  • The 2004 and 2008 presidential elections suggest that the United States is experiencing a voting revival. Massive voter mobilization efforts GOTV campaigns Increase in battleground states High public interest in the elections Important national decisions on the war on terror and the declining economy; hot-button issues such as gay marriage, healthcare reform.
  • When compared to other industrialized democracies, the United States has relatively low voter participation rates, but citizens tend to be more active than those in other nations in some other areas of political participation.
  • The characteristics of individuals who are more likely to participate politically than others are: older employed better educated Married own their homes attend church identify with a political party belong to a political organization identify with their ethnic group, particularly if they believe their group suffers discrimination
  • The nature of America’s constitutional system of government makes it difficult to see a relationship between individual participation and public policy. For the most part, the impact of the typical individual acting alone is limited to local election contests and local issues of narrow focus. However, research has shown that the collective impact of individual participation can significantly influence policy.
  • Transcript of "(Week 4) political participation"

    1. 1. Chapter 7 Political Participation Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Peter Casolino/Alamy
    2. 2. Forms of Participation <ul><li>Political participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity that has the intent or effect of influencing government action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common form — voting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other methods of participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election campaigning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contacting public officials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joining and/or supporting interest groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unconventional political acts </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    3. 3. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Douglas McFadd/Stringer/Getty Images News/Getty Images
    4. 4. Patterns of Participation <ul><li>Factors That Influence Participation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voter Mobilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who Participates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Race/Ethnicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    5. 5. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. MR. MONOPOLY © 1935, 2009 Hasbro. All rights reserved. MR. MONOPOLY © 1935, 2009 Hasbro. All rights reserved.
    6. 6. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Paul Hawthorne/Getty Images Trends in Voter Turnout <ul><ul><li>Voting age population (VAP) : Number of citizens legally qualified to vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting eligible population (VEP) : Number of residents over the age of 18. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Trends in Voter Turnout <ul><li>Voter Turnout in the United States: 2004 and 2008 presidential elections suggest that the U.S. is experiencing a voting revival. </li></ul><ul><li>Massive voter mobilization efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GOTV campaigns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in battleground states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High public interest in the elections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important national decisions on the war on terror and the declining economy; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hot-button issues such as gay marriage, healthcare reform. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    8. 8. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Wally McNamee/ CORBIS
    9. 9. Participation Rates in Comparative Perspective <ul><li>When compared to other industrialized democracies, the United States has </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively low-voter participation rates, but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens tend to be more active than those in other nations in some other areas of political participation. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
    10. 10. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. suravid/Shutterstock
    11. 11. Does Low Turnout Matter? <ul><li>Participation Bias </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of individuals who are more likely to participate politically than others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Older </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better educated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Own their homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attend church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify with a political party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belong to a political organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify with their ethnic group, particularly if they believe their group suffers discrimination </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Jeff Greenberg/The Image Works
    12. 12. Does Low Turnout Matter? <ul><li>Increasing Voter Turnout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Voter Registration Act of 1993: also known as the Motor Voter Act. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows people to register to vote when renewing their driver’s license. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased the number of registered voters but did not increase voter turnout. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
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