American Campaigns and Elections

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  • In congressional elections in years when a president is not elected, the turnout rates are lower. Turnout rates are even lower yet for most local elections.
  • Turnout is given as a percentage of the voting-age citizen population. Turnout data is collected by the Census Bureau and is not available for several months after the election.
  • Various media stars have often attempted to increase the number of minorities and young voters participating in elections. Here, music and fashion mogul Sean “Diddy” Combs announces the creation of a new voter registration organization called Citizen Change in New York City.
  • The map of the United States shown here is distorted to show the relative weight of the states in terms of the electoral votes in 2000, following the changes required by the 2000 census. A candidate must win 270 electoral votes to be elected president.
  • www.democrats.org and www.rnc.org Links to the Democratic National Committee and the Republican National Committee. Each of these pages contains information about the campaign organizations of the two national parties. www.rockthevote.com/home.php Rock the Vote encourages young voters to register and vote and provides nonpartisan information about campaigns and issues. www.fairvote.org Students can learn about the impact of different voting systems on election strategies and outcomes at the Center for Voting and Democracy.
  • American Campaigns and Elections

    1. 1. Chapter 11: Voting and Elections pp. 192 – 200, 204 - 215
    2. 2. Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning © 2000 AP/ Wide World Photos © 2000 AP/Wide World Photos
    3. 3. Turning Out to Vote <ul><li>The Effect of Low Voter Turnout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some feel low voter participation is a threat to representative democratic government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others feel it represents satisfaction with the status quo </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    4. 4. Voter Turnout for Presidential and Congressional Elections, 1904–2006 Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    5. 5. Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning Voting in the 2004 Presidential Election by Age Group
    6. 6. Voter Participation in Other Countries Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    7. 7. Factors Influencing Who Votes <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Minority status </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Two-party competition </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning (Peter Morgan/Reuters/Corbis)
    8. 8. Factors Influencing Who Votes Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    9. 9. Why People Do Not Vote <ul><li>Uninformative media coverage and negative campaigning </li></ul><ul><li>The rational ignorance effect </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for improving voter turnout </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    10. 10. Restrictions on Voting <ul><li>Historical Restrictions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Property requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further extensions of the franchise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the franchise still too restrictive? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current Eligibility and Registration Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of the Voting Rights Act </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning (Library of Congress, NAACP Collection)
    11. 11. How Are Elections Conducted? <ul><li>Ballots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Office-block ballot groups candidates for elective office together under the title of the office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States that use the party-column ballot list candidates in columns arranged by political parties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting by Mail </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning © 2003 AP/Wide World Photos
    12. 12. Internet Voting Revolution Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning Click the icon to open the movie
    13. 13. Questions <ul><li>Do you think the United States should institute Internet voting? </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    14. 14. Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning © AP/ Wide World Photos © Archaubault /U.S. News & World Report
    15. 15. How Are Elections Conducted? <ul><li>Vote Fraud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to purge the electoral rolls of voters who have died or moved opens up possibilities of fraud. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mistakes by voting officials: In some locales voting officials have purged many legitimate voters from the rolls by mistake. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    16. 16. How Are Elections Conducted? <ul><li>The Importance of the Voting Machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2004 presidential election – Florida ’s punch card ballots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2002 Help America Vote Act established the U.S. Election Assistance Commission </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    17. 17. The Electoral College <ul><li>The Choice of Electors </li></ul><ul><li>The Electors ’ Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Criticisms of the Electoral College </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    18. 18. State Electoral Votes in 2008 Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning
    19. 19. Web Links <ul><li>The Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><li>The GOP </li></ul><ul><li>Rock the Vote </li></ul><ul><li>The Center for Voting and Democracy </li></ul>Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning

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