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Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
Open culture2014 power_eadv2
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Open culture2014 power_eadv2

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  • 1. The Power of Standards: their role in the integration and discovery of the British Library’s archive and manuscript collections OpenCulture 2014: Bill Stockting, British Library
  • 2. www.bl.uk Introduction • Briefly describe collections • The situation in 2007 • The 6 Step Programme detailing information standards used • Conclude by noting how standards used are enabling us to provide greater online access to the collections
  • 3. www.bl.uk Archive and Manuscript Collections Papyri to the papers of living authors: • Manuscripts: Asian, Literary, Music and Western including archives of creatives • Records of East India Company and its successors, and related private papers • Digital collections, e.g. Endangered Archive Programme • Now also Visual Arts collections
  • 4. www.bl.uk 2007: The problem Mission: To deliver a powerful, flexible integrated cataloguing and resource discovery system that will unite and broaden access to the British Library’s archives and manuscript collection and will provide standards compliant data for external co-operative projects 100’s of separate catalogues • Big and small • Managed by many people across the Library • Some online, some only available in reading rooms, some only for curatorial access • Many different formats: databases, excel, WORD and HTML • Various description standards and none
  • 5. www.bl.uk Step 1: Procure a Standards Based Catalogue System An in-house development – Integrated Archives and Manuscripts System or IAMS: • Data model based on the ICA Standards for Archival Description especially: – ISAD(G) – archival aggregations – ISAAR(CPF) – creating and subject entities • In-house content standards based on national and international practice but also external vocabulary standards to ensure data is interoperable, eg: – Languages: ISO 639-2 etc – Scripts: ISO 15924
  • 6. www.bl.uk Step 2. Migrate Legacy Data • Since 2009, over 2 million legacy records migrated to the system • In principle did as little manual work as possible • Took opportunity though to programmatically amend data: – To provide structure demanded by our descriptive standards – To normalise key elements: languages, scripts, dates etc
  • 7. www.bl.uk Step 3. Develop Persistent Identification • Mass digitisation now happening, egs: – Gulf History Portal – Europeana WW1 • IAMS integrated into the Library’s digital infrastructure • Complex but key glue for this is Persistent Identification for catalogue records as well as content using ARK standard
  • 8. www.bl.uk Step 4. Clarify Rights and Licensing • Rights and licensing part of content publication process but also that for metadata • Ascertained that we have the rights to the metadata • Library makes BNB available as Linked Open Data as CC0 so IAMS data declared as such too
  • 9. www.bl.uk Step 5. Share Metadata Promiscuously • Finally we are in a position to share our metadata with anyone that wants it… • Standards here for allowing access: – Web services – RESTful API – OAI-PMH Repository • XML data in many formats: – EAD, EAC-CPF – TEI, VRA Core – MARCXML, Dublin Core – MODS wrapped in METS – RDF...
  • 10. www.bl.uk Step 6. Get Involved in Standards Development • Library now involved in standards development, promotion and use for archives: • UK: – Descriptive Standards Roundtable – UK Archives Discovery Network • International: – Society of American Archivists’ - EAD – ICA’s EGAD – Conceptual Model for Archives
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  • 18. www.bl.uk Any Questions?

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