What is Behaviorism?Who is associated withBehaviorism?Where do teachers fallunder this theory?Where do children Fallunder this theory?What does Behaviorismmean to me?
Theprediction & control of human behavior What do Introspection Behaviorists believe? and/or independent thinking play no part in its teaching methods
Human learning is No difference in an experimental man & animal and objective branch of natural We learn through science positive & negative rewards There’sno internal cognitive processing of Back to the Menu information
IVAN PAVLOV: used Classic Conditioning B.F. SKINNER: used Operant Conditioning ALBERT BANDURA: used Observational Modeling & Social Cognitive Theory M E N U
Famous for his Eventually the experiments with dogs salivated at dogs the bell even with Used conditioning no food present to teach dogs to Process was called salivate when they classic heard a bell conditioning through stimulus This experiment (food) & desired showed stimulus reflex (salivation) response
Natural reflex that occurs in a response to a stimulusBack to the Menu Who’s Associated with Behaviorism?
Conducted Believed behavior’s experiments with based on rewards or pigeons positive Rewarded them reinforcement when they behaved Believed all in a desired manner behavior is based on Eventually, this stimulus-response method was used to theory teach the pigeons Used operant how to do complex conditioning tasks
Controlled learning that results in shaping behavior through reinforcement of stimulus- response patternsBack to the Menu Who’s Associated With Behaviorism?
Famous for his Bandura believed ideas on social more in learning, or Social motivational Cognitive Theory factors and self- Believed in regulatory Observational mechanisms than modeling just environmental Used Bobo doll to factors show modeling of violence effects
Watching something and then mimicking the observed behaviorBack to the Menu Who’s Associated with Behaviorism?
Teachers can us Teachers can take positive away special reinforcement, or privileges for students rewards, whenever when they misbehave students perform a Examples: less recess desired behavior or free time, extra Examples: party, free assignments time, or special treats How does this work? M E Positive Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement N U
Eventually, this positive reinforcement will make the students act in this desiredmanner regardless of a reward or not Menu
When students are When students get rewarded for their their privileges taken good behavior, they away or receive some tend to want to act in form of punishment this way again to due to bad behavior, receive this reward they learn not to again. behave in that way again. M E Positive Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement N U
Productive way of motivating students Especially useful for students that are uninterested in the material Will definitely be used in my classroom Will use such rewards as positive feedback, small parties, no homework, extra free time, treats, and fun activities M Will use such punishment as no recess, shorter E free time, extra homework, and pop quizzes N U