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Teaching with Primary Sources
 

Teaching with Primary Sources

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AETC Conference, Birmingham AL June 12, 2013

AETC Conference, Birmingham AL June 12, 2013

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    Teaching with Primary Sources Teaching with Primary Sources Presentation Transcript

    • It’s Been Digitized!Meeting the Challenge of the Collegeand Career Ready Standards UsingPrimary Sources From the Library ofCongressWendy StephensAETC June 12, 2013
    • Wendy StephensCullman High Schoolwstephens at cullmancats dot netA Member of the Library of Congress Teachingwith Primary Sources Advisory Board,2010 to date
    • How do you studythe past, a timethat no longerexists?By referring to objects, records,
    • Artifacts that existed close intime, place, and experienceto the topic being researchedare called primary sources.Records that interpretprimary sources are calledsecondary sources.
    • For the CCSS…English Language Arts Standards »History/Social Studies » Grade 6-8Key Ideas and DetailsCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.1 Cite specifictextual evidence to support analysis ofprimary and secondary sources.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.2 Determinethe central ideas or information of aprimary or secondary source; provide anaccurate summary of the source distinctfrom prior knowledge or opinions.
    • For the CCSS…English Language Arts Standards »History/Social Studies » Grade 6-8Integration of Knowledge and IdeasCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.9 Analyze therelationship between a primary andsecondary source on the same topic.
    • For the CCSS…English Language Arts Standards »History/Social Studies » Grade 9-10Key Ideas and DetailsCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.1 Cite specifictextual evidence to support analysis ofprimary and secondary sources, attending tosuch features as the date and origin of theinformation.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.2 Determine thecentral ideas or information of a primary orsecondary source; provide an accuratesummary of how key events or ideas developover the course of the text.
    • For the CCSS…English Language Arts Standards »History/Social Studies » Grade 9-10Integration of Knowledge and IdeasCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.9-10.9 Compare andcontrast treatments of the same topic inseveral primary and secondary sources.
    • For the CCSS…English Language Arts Standards »History/Social Studies » Grade 11-12Key Ideas and DetailsCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.11-12.2 Determinethe central ideas or information of a primaryor secondary source; provide an accuratesummary that makes clear the relationshipsamong the key details and ideas.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.11-12.3 Evaluatevarious explanations for actions or eventsand determine which explanation bestaccords with textual evidence, acknowledgingwhere the text leaves matters uncertain.
    • For the CCSS…English Language Arts Standards »History/Social Studies » Grade 11-12Integration of Knowledge and IdeasCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.11-12.9 Integrateinformation from diverse sources, bothprimary and secondary, into a coherentunderstanding of an idea or event, notingdiscrepancies among sources.
    • Text complexity
    • Consider the following.Are they primary orsecondary sources?
    • You’re researching AlexanderGraham Bell, credited asinventor of the telephone. Bychance, you find a book aboutBells life in your attic. The bookwas published in 1936, and theauthor does not seem to haveknown Bell in person. Can youconsider the book a primarysource in your research onAlexander Graham Bells life?
    • Instead of researching AlexanderGraham Bell, youve decided youwant to research telephone usebefore World War II. The book youfound in the attic has many asidesabout what the author thinks oftelephones and what shes learnedabout them while researching Bell.Can you cite the book as a primarysource in your research abouttelephone use?
    • Youre taking a break from reading, anddecide to watch a documentary aboutthe telephone instead. Onscreen, twoactors perform a scene portraying aman making a phone call in the 1920sand an operator taking the call. Thecaller expresses frustration at how longit takes for the operator to connect thecall. Can you consider the actorswords a primary source on phone usebefore World War II?
    • After finishing the documentary, youdecide you want to know more aboutwhat using a phone was like beforeWorld War II. You write to a great-auntwho was a little girl in the 1930s. Sheresponds with a letter reminiscingabout how much technology haschanged and telling you a story about afriends family business that had aphone. Can you cite her words as aprimary source on phones beforeWorld War II?
    • http://tinyurl.com/TPS-AETC
    • My advice:Don’t approach searching theLC databases like you wouldthe Internet with keywordstrategiesInstead,• browse• use subject directories• use hyperlinks• look for featured resources
    • Reverse-engineer it…
    • It’s Been Digitized!Meeting the Challenge of the Collegeand Career Ready Standards UsingPrimary Sources From the Library ofCongressWendy StephensAETC June 12,2013