2006, Moteiv

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2006, Moteiv

  1. 1. Wireless Sensing History, Applications, and Prognostications Joe Polastre CEO, Moteiv Corporation
  2. 2. Berkeley Motes Timeline Mica Telos Rene’ “Open Experimental Platform” “Integrated Platform” “Experimentation” 1000 nodes delivered to Basis for Moteiv’s 10+ universities by UCB Tmote Sky platform WeC Dot Spec “Smart Rock” “Scale” “Mote on a chip” 800-node demo Mica mote in silicon at Intel Dev Forum 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Kris Pister TinyOS Crossbow starts Dust Inc Moteiv SmartDust Initial Release manufacturing Founded Founded Paper Berkeley motes © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  3. 3. Moteiv Products © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  4. 4. Who is using motes? © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  5. 5. Motor & Engine Vibration “Clipboard-to-Computer” Initiative inside BP CTO Office ► Reduce 80% break/fix to less than 20% ► Reduce spare parts inventory ► Lower operating/maintenance costs ► Reduced cycle time & 90% reduced downtime ► Improved safety © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  6. 6. Volcano Monitoring © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  7. 7. Refrigeration Control Monitor, control, and optimize refrigeration systems at large scale © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  8. 8. Microclimate Monitoring Live sensor readings from Taiwan © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  9. 9. What are interesting mote uses? For me, anyway… © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  10. 10. Wireless Persistence-of-Vision © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  11. 11. Medical Devices ■ CodeBlue ► Hospital/Emergency Care ► Rehabilitation ► Disaster Response ■ Collaboration Between: ► Harvard ► Boston Medical Center ► Spaulding Rehabilitation ► 10Blade Images courtesy of Matt Welsh © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  12. 12. Chicago FD and UCB ■ Smart Fire, Safety, and Rescue Systems Floor plan © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  13. 13. $232M proposed system 400km coverage 1782km border $21M in wired sensors 1780 sensor units “complex sensor installation process” Jordan © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Sources: Sandia, Lockheed, Jordan Army Do not distribute without written permission
  14. 14. Where is it going? Some slides stolen from my panel at TinyOS Technology Exchange © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  15. 15. Integrated Solutions ■ Chipcon CC2430 ■ Ember EM250 ■ Jennic, Atmel, etc… ► ~$5 ► Better performance ■ But… ► 8051 ► XAP2 ► Steeplearning curve and NRE requirements © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  16. 16. Need easy development ■ Minimum HW Development ■ Robust software infrastructure ► Includeservices AND networking ► Instrumentation and Feedback Predictable ■ Applicability over multiple generations of hardware – write applications only once ► SP link abstraction ► Hardware Abstraction Architecture (HAA) © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  17. 17. Cost of WSN Development Barriers to Using Wireless Sensor Networks t os C e od N ze Si e od N ty ili rab pe ro te se In U of se 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Ea OEMs/VARs Systems Integrators Component Suppliers Source: OnWorld Survey © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  18. 18. What about TinyOS 2? ■ When will it be released??? ■ No reliability metrics ■ No test & verification framework ■ Must recompile (potentially rewrite) apps as hardware and networking technologies change ■ No driving commercial entity ■ Companies very cautious to embrace ► Crossbow, Moteiv, etc ► Need to support TinyOS 1.x customers ► Doesn’t solve the ease-of-use issue © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  19. 19. Boomerang by Moteiv ■ Moteiv’s TinyOS distribution ■ Includes ► Low power mesh • Temporal and Spatial diversity • Frequency diversity coming soon ► Time synchronization ► Wireless reprogramming ► T2 Timers, Resources, Scheduler, Flash ► Includes SP, HAA, DMA ► Backwards compatible with TinyOS 1.x applications ■ Download from Moteiv’s webpage © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  20. 20. Tmote Invent ■ Innovative Design ■ Integrated Sensors ► Accelerometer, Speaker, Microphone, Human-visible Light sensor ■ User Interface and Feedback ► LEDs, Buttons ■ Rechargeable ■ Includes Boomerang, Moteiv tested and certified distribution of TinyOS © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  21. 21. Prognostications (I) ■ TI acquired Chipcon ► Chipcon CC2420 + TI MSP430 solution ► Low cost, familiar architecture ■ Extended memory devices ► ~1MB address space ■ Chips ship with networking stacks as a commodity ► Lots of networking options • Zigbee, TinyOS, SmartMesh, MeshScape, XMesh, etc ► Want to use the best networking for the app/environment © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  22. 22. Open Items ■ How to build powerful applications easily, quickly, faster, reliably, predictably? ► Kernel hacking TinyOS ► Knob tuning Vertically integrated solutions ► Is there a middle ground that provides enough flexibility and configuration at small learning curve? ■ How to leverage available technologies? ► New hardware solutions ► Multiple networking solutions (TinyOS or non-TinyOS) ■ How to enable new classes of applications? © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  23. 23. Prognostications (II) ■ Next 18-24 months define how customers view wireless sensing as a valuable technology ■ Potential hype vs feasibility ala RFID ► Lifetime – Is 10+ years possible on AA batteries? ► Scale – Let’s get past the 250 to 1000 node limit. ► Latency – Control guys very concerned. ► Reliability – Remember X10? ■ Must embrace standards as an option ► Zigbee in TinyOS, Z-Wave, etc ► Multiple vendors/suppliers reduce customer fear ■ Time to move beyond monitoring networks © 2006 Moteiv Corporation Do not distribute without written permission
  24. 24. Thank you joe@moteiv.com www.moteiv.com 55 Hawthorne St, Suite 550 San Francisco, CA 94105

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