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  • 1. Injuries and Treatment
  • 2. Types of Injuries
    • Muscle Cramp: a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles. Muscle cramps can result in intense pain and leave you temporarily unable to use the affected muscles.
    • Causes: Overuse, dehydration, heat.
    • Sudden sharp pain, and/or a hard lump of muscle tissue
  • 3. Types of Injuries
    • Muscle Strain: Damage to a muscle or its attaching tendons
    • Causes: overuse, strenuous activity, normal tasks preformed with poor form
    • Symptoms: Swelling, bruising or redness, pain at rest, pain for certain movements, muscle weakness
  • 4. Types in Injuries
    • Sprain: stretching or tearing of ligaments
    • Causes: overextending while joint is under stress, landing awkwardly, uneven surfaces.
    • Mild: Your ligament stretches excessively or tears slightly.
    • Moderate: The fibers in your ligament tear, but they don't rupture completely.
    • Severe: One or more ligaments tear completely.
  • 5. Treatment
    • Rest – avoid use of hurt muscle
    • Ice – Reduce pain and swelling, 20/20
    • Compression – lightly wrapped
    • Elevation – raise above heart level
  • 6. Major Injuries
  • 7. Fracture
    • Any type of break on the bone.
      • Casts
      • Immobilization
      • Clamps
      • Screws
  • 8. Dislocation
    • A bone separates from its normal position in the joint
      • Football: Fingers
      • Hockey: shoulders
    • Doctor must put it back in place
    • Rest is required for full healing
  • 9. Tendonitis
    • Tendons (muscle to bone) stretched or torn from over use.
      • Rest
      • Medication
      • Physical therapy
  • 10. Blows to the Head
    • Swelling of the brain, concussion
      • Unconsciousness
      • Dizzy
      • Blurry Vision
    • Tell the coach, trainer, friend or some one that can get you to the hospital
    • Be aware of bruising behind the ears
  • 11. Weather related risks
  • 12. Overexertion
    • Over working the body
    • Dehydration
  • 13. Heat cramps
    • Muscle spasms that result because of a loss of large amounts of water and salt through perspiration
    • Dehydration
  • 14. Heat Exhaustion
    • Very serious
    • Overheating of the body resulting in cold, clammy skin, and symptoms of shock
      • Dizziness, headache, shortness of breath
    • Move to a cool place, lay down, and raise feet
  • 15. Heatstroke
    • Body loses the ability to rid itself of heat through perspiration
    • Body temperature rises, and breathing becomes difficult.
    • Person will often collapse
  • 16. Frostbite
    • Body tissue become frozen
    • Blood moves away from arms and legs, and into the core to protect vital organs
      • Dress in layers
      • Try not to sweat
      • Hand and feet warmers
      • Keep blood pumping
  • 17. Protective Equipment
    • Hot or cold gear
    • Compression material (shorts)
    • Simple braces
    • Mouth guards
    • Proper footwear (at the gym)
    • Lifting belts
    • Cup