Drugs Chapter 26
Terms <ul><li>Substance Abuse – Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical purposes  </li></ul>...
Terms <ul><li>Illicit drug use – use or sale of any substance that is illegal or not permitted </li></ul><ul><li>Gateway d...
Terms <ul><li>Synergistic effect – taking a combination of drugs, either intentional or unintentional </li></ul><ul><li>To...
Terms <ul><li>Physiological dependence – experience of severe side effects when the drug is taken away </li></ul><ul><li>W...
Terms <ul><li>Psychological dependence – a person will believe it is necessary to take a drug in order to feel good  </li>...
Quick Stats <ul><li>75% of teen drug users use marijuana </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin use amongst teens is on the rise  </li><...
Types of drugs
Stimulants <ul><li>Amphetamines </li></ul><ul><li>Methamphetamine </li></ul><ul><li>Cocaine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crack </...
Amphetamines <ul><li>Why people use:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay awake (truck drivers)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lose we...
Amphetamines
Methamphetamine <ul><li>Made in labs and therefore readily available </li></ul><ul><li>Can be swallowed, injected, or snor...
Cocaine <ul><li>White powder </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid acting and highly addictive substance </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: </li...
Cocaine
Depressants  <ul><li>Alcohol  </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping Pills </li></ul>
Sleeping pills <ul><li>Sedative Hypnotics </li></ul><ul><li>End sleeping problems short term </li></ul><ul><li>Some are ad...
Narcotics <ul><li>Made from opium  </li></ul><ul><li>Highly addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Cause a sedative effect </li></ul>...
Codeine  <ul><li>Intended for short term pain relief  </li></ul><ul><li>Can impair driving and other motor/perception func...
Heroin <ul><li>Injected, smoked or snorted </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction and tolerance develops.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More...
Marijuana  <ul><li>THC : alters the way in which information is processed  </li></ul><ul><li>Smoked: Joint, Pipe, Bong </l...
42.6 41.8 29.9 31.0 14.6 14.2 Lifetime  32.4 31.7 23.9 24.6 10.9 10.3 Past year    19.4%    18.8%    13.8%     14.2%      ...
   37.9    34.2 Washington, DC     51.3    45.4 Sacramento, CA    51.5   42.3 Portland, OR   44.7  40.2 New York, NY   51....
56.7 56.7 47.5 46.9 Lifetime  28.5 27.7 31.8 30.2 Past year     16.0%     15.7%    16.8%    16.7%  Past month  2007 2006 2...
Is it safe than tobacco??? <ul><li>50 percent to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than does tobacco smoke </li></ul>
Inhalants  <ul><li>LINK </li></ul>
Summary <ul><li>There are no safe drugs so don’t do drugs </li></ul>
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Chapter26 illegal drugs

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Chapter26 illegal drugs

  1. 1. Drugs Chapter 26
  2. 2. Terms <ul><li>Substance Abuse – Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic Drugs – Chemical substance produced artificially in a lab </li></ul>
  3. 3. Terms <ul><li>Illicit drug use – use or sale of any substance that is illegal or not permitted </li></ul><ul><li>Gateway drug – Drugs that lead to more serious drug use </li></ul>
  4. 4. Terms <ul><li>Synergistic effect – taking a combination of drugs, either intentional or unintentional </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance – how much your body can handle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The more drugs you do the higher the tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High tolerance results in use of more drugs </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Terms <ul><li>Physiological dependence – experience of severe side effects when the drug is taken away </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal – occur when a person is physically dependent on a substance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headache, chills, vomiting, and in some cases death </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Terms <ul><li>Psychological dependence – a person will believe it is necessary to take a drug in order to feel good </li></ul>
  7. 7. Quick Stats <ul><li>75% of teen drug users use marijuana </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin use amongst teens is on the rise </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of drugs
  9. 9. Stimulants <ul><li>Amphetamines </li></ul><ul><li>Methamphetamine </li></ul><ul><li>Cocaine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crack </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Amphetamines <ul><li>Why people use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay awake (truck drivers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lose weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve athletic performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can produce a temporary high </li></ul><ul><li>Always result in a “crash” or exhaustion </li></ul><ul><li>User will develop a psychological dependence </li></ul>
  11. 11. Amphetamines
  12. 12. Methamphetamine <ul><li>Made in labs and therefore readily available </li></ul><ul><li>Can be swallowed, injected, or snorted </li></ul><ul><li>Increased activity and loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Caues addiction, anxiety </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cocaine <ul><li>White powder </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid acting and highly addictive substance </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction of the nasal cavities physiological dependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Death </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Cocaine
  15. 15. Depressants <ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping Pills </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sleeping pills <ul><li>Sedative Hypnotics </li></ul><ul><li>End sleeping problems short term </li></ul><ul><li>Some are addictive others are not </li></ul><ul><li>Help you fall asleep quicker and stay asleep. </li></ul><ul><li>Depress the CNS </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: still feeling tired the next day </li></ul>
  17. 17. Narcotics <ul><li>Made from opium </li></ul><ul><li>Highly addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Cause a sedative effect </li></ul><ul><li>Morphine </li></ul><ul><li>Codeine </li></ul><ul><li>Heroin </li></ul>
  18. 18. Codeine <ul><li>Intended for short term pain relief </li></ul><ul><li>Can impair driving and other motor/perception function </li></ul><ul><li>Highly addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: lightheadedness, nausea, shortness of breath and sedation </li></ul><ul><li>Mental and physical addiction can occur if used for a long time </li></ul>
  19. 19. Heroin <ul><li>Injected, smoked or snorted </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction and tolerance develops. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More and more of the drug is needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collapsed veins, abscesses, infections in the heart, and liver disease </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal occurs after only a few hours </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person will crave the drug and feel restless </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Marijuana <ul><li>THC : alters the way in which information is processed </li></ul><ul><li>Smoked: Joint, Pipe, Bong </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory problems, memory and learning problems </li></ul>
  21. 21. 42.6 41.8 29.9 31.0 14.6 14.2 Lifetime 32.4 31.7 23.9 24.6 10.9 10.3 Past year   19.4%   18.8%   13.8%    14.2%       5.8%     5.7% Past month 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 12th Grade 10th Grade 8th Grade  
  22. 22.    37.9    34.2 Washington, DC    51.3    45.4 Sacramento, CA   51.5   42.3 Portland, OR  44.7  40.2 New York, NY  51.8  45.7 Minneapolis, MN     51.0     43.0 Indianapolis, IN   49.3   44.6 Denver, CO 58.6    51.9     Chicago, IL  54.8  47.2 Charlotte, NC      47.0%     41.4% Atlanta, GA Past Year Use Past 30 Day Use  
  23. 23. 56.7 56.7 47.5 46.9 Lifetime 28.5 27.7 31.8 30.2 Past year    16.0%     15.7%   16.8%   16.7% Past month 2007 2006 2007 2006 Young Adults College Students  
  24. 24. Is it safe than tobacco??? <ul><li>50 percent to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than does tobacco smoke </li></ul>
  25. 25. Inhalants <ul><li>LINK </li></ul>
  26. 26. Summary <ul><li>There are no safe drugs so don’t do drugs </li></ul>
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