Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review 3


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a checklist for sustainability assessments by project reviewers and Planning Commissions.

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Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review 3

  1. 1. Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review Nancy Bragado, City of San Diego, General Plan Sara Lyons, City of San Diego, San Ysidro Community Plan Sachin Kalbag, Centre City Green Kathleen Garcia, Former San Diego Planning Commissioner November 3, 2010
  2. 2. Planning for Sustainability APA California November 3, 2010 Nancy Bragado Sara Lyons
  3. 3. • City of San Diego General Plan – Comprehensive plan for growth and development unanimously adopted by the City Council in March 2008 – Smart growth approach tailored for San Diego – Relies on infill development to meet City’s needs – Sustainability policies integrated throughout plan
  4. 4. General Plan Overview – Guided by 10 Principles and City of Villages Strategy – Represents a shift in focus from how we develop vacant land to how we invest in our existing communities – Emphasis on combining housing, employment, schools, civic uses at different scales, in village centers – Strategy works to preserve established residential neighborhoods and open spaces – Achieve high quality of life, address mobility and facilities needs, and manage the City’s continued growth
  5. 5. New Requirement: AB 32 - Address Climate Change
  7. 7. GHG Inventory Project Results 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2006 Levels 2020 BAU Projections AB 32 Target Executive Order S-3-05 Target (2050) MMTCO2E Hypothetical GHG Emissions Reduction Targets San Diego County
  8. 8. San Diego 2050 Impacts • Climate will be hotter and drier • Sea level 12-18 inches higher • Severe water shortage • More intense and frequent wildfires • Public health at risk • Loss of native plant and animal species • Energy needs Source: San Diego Foundation Focus 2050 Study
  9. 9. Climate Change Addressed Throughout the General Plan
  10. 10. General Plan: Land Use as a Sustainability Strategy • Population is growing – How to plan for growth responsibly and to achieve sustainability goals? • City of Villages strategy – Links land use and transit planning – Distinctive, mixed use villages – Pedestrian oriented – Interconnected streets – Local destinations (stores, services, parks, schools) – Connected to transit – Distinctive public places
  11. 11. Village Propensity Map Village Propensity Map
  12. 12. Mobility Strategies Cars and trucks produce 46% of GHG emissions in San Diego County • Transit/Land Use Coordination • Multi-modal solutions – Walkable communities – Bicycle facilities – Streets and freeways – Transit and transit-orientation – Parking management – Transportation management • Toolboxes allow for tailored solutions • Regional Collaboration
  13. 13. Walkability – General Plan addresses: • Safety and accessibility – Safe Routes to Schools • Street Connectivity • Walkability • Lively, attractive streets – Toolbox of Solutions • Pedestrian Improvement Toolbox • Traffic Calming Toolbox • Parking Toolbox
  14. 14. Parking Toolbox: Supply and Demand Strategies Supply – Re-stripe streets for diagonal parking – Community parking facilities – Adjust regulations – Car lifts and mechanized garages – Code enforcement Demand – Parking meter districts – Residential permit parking districts – Transit upgrades – Car sharing – Parking pricing – Safe pedestrian and bicycle routes – Employee parking programs
  15. 15. Urban Design Historic Preservation • Create diverse, walkable, mixed-use villages • Design vibrant public spaces and prominent civic architecture • Public health co-benefits • Conserve resources and reduce construction debris
  16. 16. – Open space to define and link communities – Complement the environment and respect natural features
  17. 17. Sustainability Through Open Space Protections • Watershed, river parks, creek restoration, urban canyon lands – Ground water infiltration – Carbon sequestration – Biodiversity – Urban heat island • San Diego Multiple Species Conservation Program – Comprehensive habitat conservation planning – 49,230 acres (93% of City’s goal) are conserved or are obligated to be conserved.
  18. 18. Conservation Electricity use accounts for 25% of San Diego County GHG emissions • Specifically addresses climate change – Reduce carbon footprint – Green buildings/sustainable development • Conserve and manage resources – Water conservation – Energy efficiency and renewables – Waste management – Wastewater collection and treatment – Urban forestry • Open space preservation – Ecosystem role
  19. 19. General Plan Water Policies • Water Supply and Infrastructure – Increase alternative water sources – Provide and maintain infrastructure – Expand recycled water distribution system – Recognize water/energy nexus • Sustainable Development – Green buildings – Landscape design and maintenance Public Facilities and Conservation Elements
  20. 20. General Plan Water Policies Public Facilities and Conservation Elements • Water Conservation and management – Water conservation measures – Watershed protection – Groundwater and surface water resources management – Manage floodplains • Coordinated Planning – State and regional water resource planning – Water and land use planning – Development project review – Plan for emergencies and climate change impacts • Public Education
  21. 21. Water/Energy/Carbon Nexus
  22. 22. Economic Prosperity Element: Align Environmental Protection and Economic Competitiveness • Innovation Challenge • Business Incubator • Biomimicry Partnership • Green Workforce Training • Clean Enterprise Program
  23. 23. The General Plan Action Plan – Identifies actions (implementation measures) derived from General Plan goals and policies – Organized by GP Element and timeframe – Sets key implementation priorities – Helps to inform the budget process – Will be used for annual monitoring of the General Plan – Adopted July 2009
  24. 24. Climate MAP • Climate Mitigation & Adaptation Plan • Includes updated GHG inventory for City operations and community-at -large • Will incorporate prior city actions and new strategies • Prepared as a part of the City’s Sustainable Community Program • Environmental document to be prepared
  25. 25. 26 Regional Collaboration SANDAG • 2004 – Regional Comprehensive Plan (RCP) • 2006 – Smart Growth Concept Map • 2007 – Smart Growth Tool Box • 2010 – Climate Action Strategy • 2010 – Urban Area Transit Strategy • 2011 – Regional Transportation Plan – Sustainable Communities Strategy – Environmental review will address greenhouse gas emissions
  26. 26. Sustainability Tool: Land Development Code • Commercial/Mixed-Use zones • Pedestrian-Oriented Design standards • Parking reductions for mixed- use, transit proximity • Tandem parking in some areas • Bicycle parking & amenities • Small lot and townhouse zones • Landscape Standards – Street trees required – Turf limited – Water conservation mandates • Local Food - Community Gardens issues
  27. 27. Discretionary Project Review Affordable Housing and Sustainable Development Incentive Program
  28. 28. • Climate Protection • Land Use, Housing, Open Space • Mobility • Clean Tech and the Economy • Energy • Water • Waste Management • Storm Water
  29. 29. Implementation: Community Plans • Implement GP and SB 375 – Reduce GHG through land use and transportation planning – Reduce GHG through sustainable buildings and practices • Urban forestry • GHG analysis in CEQA documents • Vulnerability analysis • Adaptation • Public education role – Local Government Partnership
  30. 30. San Ysidro Community Planning Area City of San Diego Communities
  31. 31. San Ysidro Community
  32. 32. San Ysidro COMMUNITY PLAN UPDATE
  33. 33. Planning Considerations • Proximity to Land Port of Entry • Excellent trolley access • Intermodal Transit Center • Improve connectivity throughout community • Pilot Village location • Environmental Justice
  34. 34. Key Objectives • An attractive international border destination • Leverage bicultural and historic traditions and diversity • Mix of land uses that serves residents and generates prosperity • Increase mobility through a border intermodal center and create a strong pedestrian focus • Identify urban parks, plazas, and promenade • Identify trail options and joint use opportunities; promote a healthy , active community • Incorporate sustainability, address environmental justice, and contribute to a strong economy • Provide a lively, pedestrian-friendly, healthy environment • Facilitate the development of the Mi Pueblo Village • Craft a clear and practical implementation strategy
  35. 35. San Ysidro Open Space and Parks “…a full and varied range of recreational opportunities accessible to all San Ysidro residents…” (San Ysidro Community Plan page 93.) Open Space • Dairy Mart Ponds • Floodplains • Tijuana River Valley • Steep hillsides Parks • Mini Parks and Plazas • Joint Use opportunities • Open areas at gateways • Beyer Park
  36. 36. Village Propensity
  37. 37. Community Plan Level: San Ysidro Village designations to occur in community plan Mi Pueblo Pilot Village Housing Pathways to Knowledge Plazas Restaurant, Mercado, kiosks, and offices
  38. 38. Intermodal Transportation Center Concept
  39. 39. San Ysidro Local topics related to Mobility The Border and Port of Entry Congestion within the community Barriers: Rail, Freeways Sidewalk improvements Connectivity We are not starting from scratch: San Ysidro Port of Entry Reconfiguration Mobility Study - January 2010 San Ysidro Mobility Strategy - January 2009 City’s Bicycle Master Plan City’s Pedestrian Master Plan
  40. 40. Mobility - Pedestrians
  41. 41. Mobility - Transit
  42. 42. • New inspection protocols in Mexico and the U.S. are causing southbound delays at the border. • Southbound inspections are a new reality of border for both U.S. and Mexico alike. • Drivers trying to minimize their time in queue, creating traffic congestion on on- ramps, off-ramps, and city streets around the port of entry • Quality of life and Environmental Justice issues San Ysidro Land Port of Entry
  43. 43. Border Crossing Concept Images created by The Miller Hull Partnership
  44. 44. San Ysidro Land Port of Entry Master Plan
  45. 45. General Plan: General Plan Action Plan: San Ysidro Community Plan Update Website
  46. 46. 1. Long-range goals and policies; 2. Private Development Incentive Program 3. Green Street’s Program Concept; and, a 4. Revised Transportation Demand Management Plan
  47. 47. Key Findings: The mixed-use density of downtown contributes positively to all of the Sustainability Indicators As compared to suburban development, downtown uses less energy and water, has a more efficient use of materials and promotes a more dynamic/livable streetscape design Downtown allows residents and workers to significantly reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and dependence on single occupancy vehicles, resulting in substantial carbon savings for the region There are significant opportunities to incentivize improvements in water and energy savings Sustainability can have a substantial impact in the spaces in-between buildings
  48. 48. 1. Long-range goals and policies
  49. 49. 2006: AB-32 signed into law
  50. 50. Chapter 5.8 Goals and Policies:  Sustainable Development Far Bonus Program: Eco‐Roof  Urban plazas, street activation and  Neighborhood Centers Downtown Community Plan – Adopted April 2006
  51. 51. Suburban vs. Urban
  52. 52. 2006 2008 2010 January 2011 Council Policy 600-24 Green Building Program Development Services Department 2009-2010
  53. 53. Aligning the Laws, Codes, & Policies
  54. 54. Indicator : Something observed or calculated that is used to show the presence or state of a condition or trend
  55. 55. Centre City Green Indicators Energy Water Urban Mobility Economic Vitality Streetscape Vitality Healthy Spaces Materials Green IQ
  56. 56. INDICATOR 2030 GOALS Energy /GHG 20% reduction in GHG emissions by 2020 (AB32) 33% green power by 2020 (EOS-14-08) Net zero buildings by 2030 (AB212) Water 70% reduction in potable water use Urban Mobility Make Centre City a public transit destination that affords travelers the luxury of not needing a vehicle to arrive to or move within downtown Promote transportation planning that creates downtown as a destination Materials 75% construction waste recycled 50% operational waste recycled Economic Vitality Reach 2006 Community Plan Targets for build out Streetscape Make Centre City a Top-of-Class streetscape environment that promotes walking over all other modes of transit Healthy Spaces Develop buildings that capitalize on San Diego’s temperate climate to create top-of-class healthy indoor and outdoor spaces Green IQ Develop a green knowledge base that leads the country in successful demonstration of economically viable green technologies and sound green building practices
  57. 57. Establish Goals & Track Over Time Now 18 mo 5 yrs 10 yrs Green IQ Water Energy Materials TotalSavings Time
  58. 58. Chapter 3: Structure and Land Use Develop a Private Development Incentive Program to promote innovative green building measures Chapter 4: Parks, Open Space, and Recreation Develop East Village Green as a showcase of sustainability by incorporating the indicators goals into the  programming, design and construction process Chapter 5: Urban Design Fully develop the Green Street Development Program identified in the Downtown Community Plan Chapter 6: Neighborhoods & Districts Develop Neighborhood Pilot Projects for energy and water that address sustainability at the block scale  Chapter 7: Transportation Assist in the creation of a Downtown Connector Shuttle that allows people to move within downtown once they  arrive from outlying areas Chapter 8: Public Facilities & Amenities Make the redevelopment of Civic Center the center piece of green development Chapter 9: Historic Preservation Create an existing Building Energy Audit and Retrofit program to incentivize energy and water efficient upgrades Chapter 11: Economic Development Use sustainability as a means to increase Employment and Economic Development Strategies available to  downtown building owners
  59. 59. 2. Private Development Incentive Program
  60. 60. Performance Prescriptive CalGreen Tier II LEED Silver and Gold Green Building Measures Level of Incentives Signature Green Green High Performance Green Approach Applicant
  61. 61. Centre City Green Performance Levels and Incentives Level Path Department New Construction Incentives 1 Green CalGreen Tier 1 Or Building Measures = 25-44 CCG Points City of San Diego DSD 1. DSD Incentives 2. Access to Interagency Incentive Team CCDC 1. Public Recognition from CCDC 2 High Performance Green CalGreen Tier 2/LEED Silver Or Building Measures = 45-59 CCG Points City of San Diego DSD 1. All items listed for Level 1 2. Additional DSD Incentives CCDC 1. Parking deviation: TBD 2. FAR Bonus of 1.0 3 Signature Green LEED Gold+ Or Building Measures = 60+ CCG Points City of San Diego DSD 1. All items listed for Level 1 2. Additional DSD Incentives CCDC 1. Parking deviation: TBD 2. FAR Bonus of 2.0
  62. 62. 3. Green Streets Program Concept
  63. 63. DCP Green Street Purpose: 4.1-P-9 Improve Green Streets as an essential element of the open space system – as connections to the waterfront, Balboa Park, activity centers, and parks and plazas; as tree- lined open spaces; and as continuous recreational paths. 5.2-G-2 Promote walkability by providing amenities in proximity to every downtown worker and resident and linking Neighborhood Centers with Green Street • Enhanced landscaping—including double rows of trees—and expanded sidewalk widths components.
  64. 64. Landscape Features Sidewalk Features
  65. 65. Building Features Infrastructure Features
  66. 66. Base Plan: • 2 vehicular lanes • Widened sidewalks • Striped bicycle lane
  67. 67. Existing Conditions
  68. 68. Plan B
  69. 69. Plan B
  70. 70. Plan C
  71. 71. Plan C
  72. 72. Green Street Elements Minimum points for entitlement benefit = 20 At designated Green Streets only Energy Water Materials Streetscape Economic HealthySpace Mobility GreenIQ Measure Points Building Open space greater than 250 SF or 5% of lot, whichever is larger 15 x Incorporate transit shelters into development 20 x x Infra- structure An additional 10 feet of sidewalk area provided on private property 20 x Efficient Exterior Lighting (LED or Induction) 10 x 100% of materials locally manufactured or include at least 10% recycled content 5 x Landscaping Street trees that will shade 50% of sidewalk area within 5 years 15 x Landscaped stormwater management systems at the curb edge containing local plantings 15 x x x Native landscaping at additional ROW landscaped area 5 x x Furnishings Sidewalk enterprises, such as exterior sales kiosks, cafes, and retail sales 10 x x Benches and or movable seating maintained by the building owner 10 x x Street recycling that will be managed by the building owner 5 x On-street bicycle corrals 10 x Public art that is located at the focal point of the development 5 x x Sustainability educational display that is accessible to the public 1 x
  73. 73. 4. Revised Transportation Demand Management Plan
  74. 74. Transportation Demand Management Revisions Minimum points for entitlement = 25 Points Measure 20 5-year, 50% subsidy for transit passes for employee occupants 15 Public accessible shuttle to all downtown and airport locations 15 Vehicle parking to meet, but not exceed, minimum PDO requirements 15 "Shared use vehicles" by property tenants - minimum 1 vehicle per 33 occupants - vehicles provided have CARB classification of ULEV, SULEV, PZEV, or ZEV - preferential parking 15 Electric, natural gas, fuel cells, fueling stations - minimum office (1 per 30,000 s.f.), hotel (1 per 100 rooms) - minimum 50% of stations are electric vehicle charging stations 10 * On-site daycare 5 Bicycle storage - minimum 1 space per 20 occupants 5 * Upgraded transit stop adjacent to new development, including shelter, seating, lighting and ongoing maintenance 5 Preferential parking for vehicles with CARB classifications ULEV, SULEV, PZEV, and ZEV - minimum 5% of permitted parking 5 Preferential carpool and/or vanpool parking - minimum 5% of permitted parking 5 On-site shower facilities available to all tenants/employees of a building - minimum office (1 per 100,000 s.f.), hotel (1 per 100 rooms) 5 Participation by building management and tenants in carpool coordination, ridesharing and car-sharing programs 5 Discounted parking rates for vehicles with CARB classifications ULEV, SULEV, PZEV, and ZEV - minimum 20% discount 5 Discounted parking rates for carpools containing 3 or more adults - minimum 20% discount 5 Preferential parking for car-sharing vehicles (at least one space) 5 * On-site transit pass sale, maps and information 1 * Proximity to public transit stop/station (1,320 feet or fewer) * = No change from existing TDM
  75. 75. Green Buildings
  76. 76. Green Buildings
  77. 77. Green Living
  78. 78. Green Living
  79. 79. Green Living
  80. 80. Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review Nancy Bragado, City of San Diego, General Plan Sara Lyons, City of San Diego, San Ysidro Community Plan Sachin Kalbag, Centre City Green Kathleen Garcia, Former San Diego Planning Commissioner November 3, 2010
  81. 81. Greening Our Project Decisions Sustainability in Discretionary Project Review Kathleen A. Garcia, FASLA LEED AP
  82. 82. Sustainable Project Attributes 1. Adapting to conditions and influencing best practice 2. Self sufficiency in regard to resources 3. Solving larger urban problems outside of project boundaries
  83. 83. Discretionary Review Checklist Climate change impact Hydrological systems management Habitat protection Mobility Waste management Environmental justice
  84. 84. Project Checklist Has the project calculated its carbon footprint? Has energy consumption been calculated and reduced below the norm? Is the project in a threat zone for flood, hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster? Does the site reutilize already- developed land? Has the project optimized non- motorized mobility? Does the project limit VMT (vehicle miles travelled) and not increase commuting distances? Is this a transit-oriented development? Does the project increase roadway congestion? Are there pedestrian/bike corridors? Are water resources and drainages protected and improved? Is any nonpoint source pollution modeled and mitigated? Are agricultural lands preserved or does it support local food sources? Are natural habitats preserved and enhanced? Is the project limiting its construction and operational waste? Does the project build to green building standards? Will the project promote a green economy? Will the project provide affordable housing? Are the impacts and benefits equitable to all segments of the population?
  85. 85. LEED ND – Neighborhood Development Civitas, Sudberry Properties 1. Smart Location & Linkages 2. Neighborhood Pattern & Design 3. Green Construction and Technology 4. Innovation and Design Process US Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design Rating System
  86. 86. Effects of Climate Change Are we assessing… • Sea Level rise, land use vulnerability • Migration of disease, increased ailments • Habitat loss and shift of temperature & rainfall zones affecting growing areas • Increased pests and pathogens • Wildfire and hurricanes increase
  87. 87. Project Checklist – Climate Change Has the project calculated its anticipated carbon footprint? Has the project looked to offset its carbon impacts
  88. 88. • Former Quarry site • Forested 295 acres = 563 metric tons/year carbon uptake • Equivalent to University’s electrical carbon offset/year DePauw Nature Park, DePauw IN DePauw University
  89. 89. Project Checklist – Climate Change Has energy consumption been calculated and reduced below the norm? US Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design Rating System
  90. 90. • Development regulations • Building Codes for structures • Brush management codes Project Checklist – Climate Change Is the project in a high risk zone for natural disasters?
  91. 91. Effects of Hydrologic Change • Flooding vulnerability • Glacial and snowpack retreat • Drinking water loss • Shift of rainfall zones affecting growing areas • Drought increases Are we assessing…
  92. 92. Project Checklist - Hydrology Are current practices of erosion control best practices? Are setbacks according to regulations and are regulations enough? Torrey Pines City Park General Development Plan
  93. 93. Project Checklist - Hydrology Are water resources and drainages protected and improved? Is any nonpoint source pollution modeled and mitigated? ASLA Green Roof, Washington DCBioswale, Caltrans Headquarters San Diego
  94. 94. Effects of Biomass Change Are we assessing…. • Loss of valuable habitat • Loss of critical species • Increased impervious surfaces • Lack of natural cover • Windstorms, sandstorms, dustbowl effect
  95. 95. Project Checklist - Biomass Are natural habitats preserved and enhanced? Is the horticulture appropriate? Otay River Valley, Chula VistaPalisades Park, Santa Monica
  96. 96. Mobility Patterns Are we assessing…. • Vehicle miles travelled • Parking ratios • Alternatives to the automobile • Land use balance – live/work/play
  97. 97. Project Checklist – Mobility Does the project increase roadway congestion? Does the project limit VMT (vehicle miles travelled) and not increase commuting distances? Civitas, Sudberry Properties
  98. 98. Project Checklist – Mobility Is this a transit-oriented development? Has the project optimized non-motorized mobility? Are there pedestrian/bike corridors? Coastal Rail Trail
  99. 99. Waste Management Are we assessing…. • Recycled or reclaimed land/brownfield • Impact of construction • Waste stream tracking
  100. 100. Project Checklist – Waste Reduction Does the site reutilize already-developed land? Is the project limiting its construction and operational waste? Is the project using Green Building standards?
  101. 101. Environmental Justice Are we assessing…. • Access to healthy food choices • Safe routes to school • Provision of affordable housing • Impacts of land use on neighborhoods of color?
  102. 102. Eastern Urban Center Parks – Community Garden Are agricultural lands preserved Does it support local food sources? Project Checklist – Public Health
  103. 103. Overtown Mall, Miami Project Checklist – Environmental Justice Will the project promote a green economy? Will the project provide affordable housing? Are the impacts and benefits equitable to all segments of the population?
  104. 104. A Sustainable Project is one that… 1. Adapts to conditions and influences best practices 2. Is self sufficient in regard to resources 3. Solves larger urban problems outside of project boundaries
  105. 105. S u s t a i n a b i l i t y i n D i s c r e t i o n a r y R e v i e w PowerPoint dowload can be found at: APA-CA 2010