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  • 1. Transgression: Jealousy Powerpoint Templates Page 1
  • 2. JEALOUSY CONCEPTUALIZATION: Jealousy is the negative emotional reaction to the fear of losing a valued relationship to a real or imagined rival (Salovey, 1991) Jealousy is a complex of feelings, cognitions, and behaviors, but often includes: Hurt, anger, and fear (Guerrero & Andersen, 1998) Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  • 3. JEALOUSY CONCEPTUALIZATION :Jealousy is often confused with envy & rivalry:  Envy occurs when people want something valuable that someone else has  Rivalry occurs when two people are competing for something that neither one of them hasJealousy occurs when people worry they might lose something they value (e.g., a good relationship or a high-status position) to someone else Powerpoint Templates Page 3
  • 4. JEALOUSY TYPES:Cognitive:  People make appraisals of the threat, which involves general and specific thoughts & evaluations of the rival & the relationship.Emotional:  Fear and anger are the most central emotions to jealousy but others include sadness, guilt, envy, and sexual arousal. Powerpoint Templates Page 4
  • 5. JEALOUSY TYPES:Reactive and Suspicious:  Reactive: awareness of an actual threat to a valued relationships  Suspicious : one’s partner hasn’t misbehaved and one’s suspicions do not fit the facts at handRomantic versus Sexual:  Romantic: worrying that a potential rival can interfere with the existence or quality of one’s romantic relationship  Sexual: a type of romantic jealousy concerned that a rival wants to or may have sex with one’s partner Powerpoint Templates Page 5
  • 6. JEALOUSY INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES:Individual differences exist in determining who is more susceptible to jealousy, some include:  Dependence: when people need a partner or relationship, any threat is menacing  Inadequacy: people worry they cannot live up to their partner’s expectations  Attachment style: preoccupied people experience more jealousy than others Powerpoint Templates Page 6
  • 7. "Mean Girls Theorize About Jealousy" Powerpoint Templates Page 7
  • 8. JEALOUSY TYPES:Some people are more susceptible to jealousy:  Sexual exclusivity: people who expect monogamy experience more reactive jealousy  Gender roles: traditional “macho” men and “feminine” females experience more jealousy than androgynous people  Sex differences: no difference in amount; difference in reasons (i.e., Ms > sexual jealousy, Fs > emotional jealousy) Powerpoint Templates Page 8
  • 9. JEALOUSY RESPONSES: (Guerrero et al.) Negative communication Violence Counter-jealousy induction Denial/Inhibition Silence Surveillance/Restriction Rival Contact Rival derogation Signs of possession (tie signs) Powerpoint Templates Page 9
  • 10. Powerpoint Templates Page 10