Creative Commons Presentation (free stuff!) - 01/13

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ASTD TK13 and Training 2013 presentation

ASTD TK13 and Training 2013 presentation

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  • Lots of links but this is the only one you need to write down …
  • We're talking about a lot of stuff that borders on legal. Just keep in mind, we are NOT lawyers, but we've just developed experience with this stuff for the same reasons you want to know more.  From flickr user vaXzine , CC
  • Start with some context. The world has changed. Licensed via CC from flickr user David Reece
  • Analog to digital; tethered to mobile; isolated to connected—but connected in different ways than we ever have before. How many people know Facebook, LinkedIn, Plaxo, or Twitter? Participate in same? Does your company/org have a Facebook page? Just one, or more than one? How many of you “like” and follow the Facebook page of your org? Generic (the curriculum) to personal (informal and personalized learning) Consumption (traditional lecture model, information delivery) to creational (problem-based learning, constructivism) Closed (transaction of assignments occurs in class only, training is a one-time event) to Open (blogs, wikis, publication in the open of learner artifacts, learning that continues outside the traditional training room)
  • Advantage to designers is now “the cloud;” ability to utilize things for free that were not free previously. But “free” presupposes “ability to use.” Yet, does it?
  • Copyright says you own the work and people have to get your permission (and sometimes pay you, if you ask them to) to use it. Problem with copyright is the length of it. If the work was created after 1978, then the term is live of the author + 70 years. If it’s anonymous or published under a pseudonym, or a work made for hire, the term is 95 years from date of first publication or 120 years from time of creation. Works created prior to 1978 are even more complicated. From flickr user PugnoM , CC
  • Many cite Fair Use and Teach Act to utilize materials in their classes. But “educational purposes” doesn’t equate to blanket permission. Fair Use: The copyright principle based on the belief that the public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary/criticism/parody. Teach Act: The Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization Act attempted to clarify the terms under which accredited, nonprofit U.S. educational institutions may use copyright-protected materials for organized instructional activities that may not be face-to-face.
  • … and this is commentary, so I ’m good.
  • From flickr  user LWR , CC
  • Other options include things released into the public domain, which include some government reports and images from U.S. government websites. Be judicious in your assessment of these, however; some agencies contract with private companies to create reports, which in some cases may be the property of the company producing the report. Always check the copyright statement in such reports if there is one. See the list on the resources page for more of these.
  • Copyright was created long before the emergence of the Internet, and can make it hard to legally perform actions we take for granted on the network: copy, paste, edit source, and post to the Web. Copyright says we need permission to do all of that, whether you ’re an artist, teacher, scientist, librarian, policymaker, or just a regular user. Creative Commons knew there were people who wanted to freely share their work and other people who wanted to use it. The Copyright office said “We don’t cover that, so go make it up!” So they did. Creative Commons provides a set of copyright licenses and tools that provide a balance inside the traditional “All Rights Reserved”. CC licenses are available in human speak, legal speak, and computer speak.
  • From Creative Commons.org comics Creative Commons offers 6 different types of licenses. Read all about them, as well as license your own work, at CreativeCommons.org CC licenses are non-revocable. You can change your mind, but you can ’ t take back the license someone is already using. Exist in addition to and on top of copyright. “ Hey, it ’ s mine, but you can use it with some ground rules. ” REMIX, SHAREALIKE, ATTRIBUTION (Then with NONCOMMERCIAL.)
  • From flickr user kagey_b , CC POLL When can non-commercial be used? For internal training at a for-profit company, when no profit is made from the training On your blog, which also uses Google AdWords You give a presentation to others from which you make no money
  • That was sort of a trick question. The answer is open for debate. As long as your work is not primarily intended for commercial gain, you should be okay. “ What does and doesn't constitute commercial use is not easy to answer. If you are unsure then you should contact the copyright holder for permission.  Alternatively, you could search for works under a more permissive license.   The license states that the use cannot be "primarily intended" for commercial gain, but what that phrase means is open to debate. Commercial Test for Fair Use: Does it impinge on the copyright owner ’ s ability to profit from the item?
  • Australian artist just had her art out there, no license. Taken by Twitter. Used, became popular. A social movement happened to bring the artist to light. She opened a Zazzle store, now makes a decent amount of money from the very popular image, and it brought attention to the rest of her art. Still hasn ’t licensed the image because she now considers it a “social object” – of course, it was too late for her to license it once it had hit popularity.
  • From flickr user kagey_b , CC POLL When can non-commercial be used? For internal training at a for-profit company, when no profit is made from the training On your blog, which also uses Google AdWords You give a presentation to others from which you make no money
  • Now that you know about Creative Commons, the question becomes, how do you find things licensed under it? CC Search accesses Google, Flickr, blip.tv, OWL music, and SpinXpress (all media). CC Search is also built into your Firefox browser, if you use Firefox.
  • Photos, occasional illustrations, 30-sec videos
  • Photos, occasional illustrations, 30-sec videos
  • “ No known copyright restrictions ” - Participating institutions may have various reasons for determining that "no known copyright restrictions" exist, such as: - The copyright is in the public domain because it has expired; - The copyright was injected into the public domain for other reasons, such as failure to adhere to required formalities or conditions; - The institution owns the copyright but is not interested in exercising control; or - The institution has legal rights sufficient to authorize others to use the work without restrictions. Over 2 million tags, over 165,000 comments and over 250,000 photos, in 5 years.
  • No copyright restrictions other than not using the work in a standalone manner. No attribution needed.
  • Launched via Google Images Available for personal use and non-commercial use
  • photos, technical illustrations
  • Image from Travis Hornung via CC: http://www.flickr.com/photos/awfulshot/456852642/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • Use the Share button Allows cropping Includes ads – could be anything
  • Fewer options, use advanced search.
  • Including YOUTUBE
  • Blip.tv is a video sharing site, similar to YouTube. In my experience, sites like Blip.tv tend to have better quality video. Blip.tv uses CC licensing. Flickr user oneilkwangwanh , CC
  • Slideshare.net Fantastic for research Can upload PPT, Keynote, or PDF files. Can set specifications: downloadable, Creative Commons licenses + All Rights Reserved Show edit screen for one of my own presentations
  • DocStoc Embeddable in websites Downloadable in PDF format Upload documents in Word, OpenOffice, and PDF format Collaboration / Commenting DocStoc Sync Private documents with invited sharing, monitoring Scribd Embeddable in websites Downloadable in PDF format Upload documents in Word, PDF format Collaboration / Commenting Private documents with invited sharing
  • Open Source software is software that is developed collaboratively. The code is freely available and any one can build upon it or make improvements. This leads to well-supported, often surprisingly well-documented, software. Sourceforge is the repository for the compiled software, much documentation, and the code. OSalt lists both the Commerical versions and Open Source versions for comparisons Browser – Firefox Photo Editing – GIMP and GIMPshop (Photoshop replacement) Audio Editing – Audacity Email – Thunderbird MS Office Replacement – Open Office Content Management Systems: Drupal, Joomla Many many many more!
  • From Flickr user oneilkwangwanh , CC
  • From flickr  user LWR , CC

Transcript

  • 1. Creative Commons & Open SOurce:Legally Spice Up Your Training with Free Stuff
  • 2.  Licensing: Creative Commons v © Search Images Video / Audio / Games Presentations / Documents Software (Sourceforge, OS LMSs) Other (blogs, wikis, other freely available tools)Overview
  • 3. http://www.slideshare.net/writetech/astd-tk13Download
  • 4. Scales Of Justice / vaXzine / CC BY-NC-ND 2. I am not a lawyer4
  • 5. Time for Change / David Daniels / http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/ The World Has Changed5
  • 6. Then vs. Now Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consumption Creating Closed Open Creative Commons Share-Alike Courtesy David Wiley6
  • 7. Is Free the Future? Image Credits: Free Signs / Damon Styer / http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Free Wi-Fi sign / Dana Spiegel / http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ free-sign-by-klabustra-on-flickr / Gustavo Martinez / http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Free Cash sign / Howard Lake / http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ "Free" Signs / Damon Styer / http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/7
  • 8. fuzzy copyright / Nancy Sims / CC BY-NC 2.0 What is copyright?8
  • 9. Fair Use Fair Use! / Jason Schultz / CC BY-NC 2.09
  • 10. question mark ? / LEOL30 / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Questions?11
  • 11. Public Domain • REALLY free and open • Include “most” U.S. Government materials • Wikimedia Commons12
  • 12. Derived from Get Creative / Creative Commons.org / CC BY-NC-SA 1.0 What is it? Creative Commons13
  • 13. Work found at http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Spectrumofrights_Comic1 / Creative Commons Licenses CC BY 3.0 http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses 1414
  • 14. © Attribution (by) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0 1515
  • 15. © Attribution + No Derivatives (by-nd) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0 1616
  • 16. © Attribution + Sharealike (by-sa) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 1717
  • 17. © Attribution + Non-Commercial (by-nc) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0 1818
  • 18. © Attribution + Non-Commercial + No Derivs (by-nc-nd) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0 1919
  • 19. © Attribution + Non-Commercial + Sharealike (by-nc-sa) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0 2020
  • 20. When can non- commercial be used?21
  • 21. Non-Commercial • If you’re unsure: • Contact the copyright holder for permission • Search for works under a more permissive license • Works cannot be primarily intended for commercial gain • Commercial test for Fair Use: Does it impinge on the copyright owner’s ability to profit from the item? • Creative Commons Non-Commercial Use Study and links debating the uses of the NC license: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Defining_Noncommercial22
  • 22. Best. Infographic. Ever. http://bit.ly/CCinfographic 2323
  • 23. What types of free media do you need? Poll!25
  • 24. Creative Commons Searchhttp://search.creativecommons.org
  • 25. Flickr Images and Graphics http://www.flickr.com27
  • 26. Flickr: Advanced Search Images and Graphics http://www.flickr.com28
  • 27. Flickr’s The Commons Images and Graphics No known copyright restrictions http://www.flickr.com/commons29
  • 28. MorgueFile Images and Graphics Commercial, remix, and no attribution http://www.morguefile.com30
  • 29. Life Magazine Archives, May 1, 19 Google LIFE Personal and non- Magazine commercial use http://images.google.co Archives31
  • 30. Wikimedia Commons Images and Graphics http://commons.wikimedia.org32
  • 31. Hulu: Legally Online access onlyembeddable clips http://www.hulu.com
  • 32. Creative Commons Licensed Content http://www.vimeo.com
  • 33. Downloading Video Most video sites prohibit No Downloading downloading in their terms of use.
  • 34. Acoustic Guitar / oneilkwangwanh / CC BY-SA 2.0 Jamendo: http://www.jamendo.com Audio and Sound Free Sound: http://www.freesound.org Vimeo Music Store: http://vimeo.com/musicstore37
  • 35. Audio: ccMixter http://ccmixter.org/38 From Flickr user …dotted…
  • 36. From Flickr user Steve Wampler Podcasting Legal Guide http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Welcome_To_The_Pod39
  • 37. From Flickr user Steve Wampler Games! http://boardgamegeek.com/geeklist/33151/creative- commonsopen-source-games40
  • 38. Gaming Arthttp ://boardgamegeek.com/geeklist/33151/creative-commo http41 ://www.glitch.com/blog/2013/01/23/a-post-game-updat
  • 39. SlideShare.net: Presentations Creative Commons licensing42
  • 40. Document Sharing and Collaboration - DocStoc: http://www.docstoc.com43 - Scribd: http://www.scribd.com
  • 41. Open-Source Software - Sourceforgehttp://www.sourceforge.net - Open Source as Alternative http://www.osalt.com44
  • 42. Machine-readable citations for creative- Open Attribute commons licensed content45 (http://openattribute.com)
  • 43. question mark ? / LEOL30 / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Questions?46
  • 44. E: michelle@write-tech.com Site: http://www.write-tech.com Blog: http://www.wine-girl.net Blog: http://bub.blicio.us LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/michellesl entz Contact Michelle47