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Transformational Leadership, by Ron Riggio, Ph.D.
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Transformational Leadership, by Ron Riggio, Ph.D.

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What is Transformational Leadership? ...

What is Transformational Leadership?
Charismatic, visionary leaders who transform organizations through empowering followers. Leaders who bring out the best in followers and develop them into leaders. Leaders who motivate and challenge teams to perform at levels beyond expectations.

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  • Burns (1978) distinguishes between transactional and transformational leaders.
  • From meta-analyses Transformational leaders transform crises into challenges.
  • We know some of this, but this is what some of our recent research is focusing on.

Transcript

  • 1. Transformational Leadership Ron Riggio, Ph.D. Kravis Leadership Institute Claremont McKenna College
  • 2. The Search for Leadership
    • The Great Man Theory - Born or Made?
    • Traits: Are Specific Qualities Necessary?
    • Maybe It’s Just About Behaviors
    • The Management Perspective: Interaction of Behaviors & Situations
    • How About Charisma?
    • We Really DO Know Which Characteristics are Important.
    • www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cutting-edge-leadership
  • 3.
    • Transformational leadership occurs when one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality - James MacGregor Burns
  • 4. What is Transformational Leadership?
    • Charismatic, visionary leaders who transform organizations through empowering followers.
    • Leaders who bring out the best in followers and develop them into leaders.
    • Leaders who motivate and challenge teams to perform at levels beyond expectations.
  • 5. Components of Transformational Leadership
    • Idealized Influence - serving as positive role models for followers (“walking the talk”).
    • Inspirational Motivation - motivate and inspire followers by providing meaning and challenge.
    • Intellectual Stimulation - stimulate followers to be creative/innovative by questioning assumptions, reframing problems, and devising new solutions.
    • Individualized Consideration - paying special attention to followers’ needs and concerns; developing followers via mentoring/coaching
  • 6. Idealized Influence - Being a Positive Role Model
    • I’m out talking about this company (General Electric) seven days a week, 24 hours a day, with nothing to hide. We’re a 130-year-old company that has a great record of high-quality leadership and a culture of integrity . Jeffrey Immelt, CEO, GE
    • Leaders are made, they are not born. They are made by hard effort. Vince Lombardi, Coach
  • 7. Inspirational Motivation - Inspire, Envision, Energize
    • Great leaders raise the aspirations of their followers; they make people more confident, energetic, and enthusiastic - Narayana Murthy, Founder of Infosys
    • We want passion for our business…workers who can interpret and execute our mission, who want to build a career - Howard Schultz, CEO Starbucks
  • 8. Intellectual Stimulation - Challenge, Think, Innovate
    • Don’t limit yourself. You can go as far as your mind let’s you. What you believe, remember, you can achieve - Mary Kay Ash, Founder
    • Knowledge cannot be merely a degree or a skill…it demands a broader vision, capabilities in creative thinking and logical deduction, without which we cannot have constructive progress . - Li Ka Shing, Chairman of Hutchison Wampoa
  • 9. Individualized Consideration - Empathize, Care, Mentor, Coach
    • If there is one secret of success, it lies in the ability to get the other person’s point of view and see things from that person’s angle as well as you own - Henry Ford
    • Each individual person is very important. Each person has tremendous potential - Muhammad Yunus, Founder Grameen Bank
  • 10. Does Transformational Leadership Matter?
    • Transformational leaders clearly have more satisfied followers ( r = .3-.6)
    • Transformational leaders lead more effective work groups ( r = .6, rated performance; r = .25, objective performance measures)
    • Followers of transformational leaders experience less stress and burnout ( r = -.4-5)
  • 11. How Does Transformational Leadership Work?
    • Transformational leaders :
      • Enhance followers’ self-esteem and self-efficacy
      • Empower followers
      • Increase followers’ identification with the organization
      • Align followers’ goals and values with their own
  • 12. Adding Ethics to the Mix
    • Burns vs. Bass [Is ethics essential?]
    • Bass and Pseudotransformational leadership
    • Reconciliation: Authentic Transformational Leadership
    • Current research focuses on adding measures of ethics to the mix
  • 13. Group Exercise
    • Assemble into 5-6 member groups
    • Choose a spokesperson
    • Discuss & Summarize
  • 14. Components of Transformational Leadership
    • Idealized Influence - serving as positive role models for followers (“walking the talk”).
    • Inspirational Motivation - motivate and inspire followers by providing meaning and challenge.
    • Intellectual Stimulation - stimulate followers to be creative/innovative by questioning assumptions, reframing problems, and devising new solutions.
    • Individualized Consideration - paying special attention to followers’ needs and concerns; developing followers via mentoring/coaching
  • 15. Idealized Influence
    • Serving as positive role models for followers (“walking the talk”)
    • Related to one’s image as “leader”
    • Suggests that the leader is an ethical role model
    • Living the mission
  • 16. Inspirational Motivation
    • Motivating and inspiring followers by providing meaning and challenge
    • Displaying high levels of energy and commitment
    • Positive, “can do” attitude
  • 17. Intellectual Stimulation
    • Stimulating followers to be creative/innovative by questioning assumptions, reframing problems, and devising new solutions
    • Challenging, driving, getting followers to think “outside the box”
  • 18. Individualized Consideration
    • Paying special attention to followers’ needs and concerns
    • Developing followers via mentoring and coaching
    • Involves successful and strategic delegation
  • 19. Summary
    • Transformational leadership theory represents the qualities of the very best leaders -- leading groups to levels of performance and commitment “beyond expectations”
    • It also represents a model for leader development
    • Potential Next Step: A more detailed, on-line assessment of your TL profile