Narrative Paradigm- Walter Fisher<br />Humanistic<br />Grand Theory<br />Theory in a Nutshell:<br />Storytelling is a part of our everyday lives. Whether you believe the stories you hear is based on your own values. <br />
Narrative Paradigm<br />In 1978 Fisher introduced the concept of good reasons, which lead to his proposal of the narrative paradigm in 1984.<br />Proposal: offering good reasons has more to do with telling a compelling story than it does with piling up evidence or constructing a tight argument.<br />Fisher regards almost all types of communication as story. <br />
Fun Facts<br />For every story told there has to be reasoning behind it to make it believable. Values are based on beliefs you have developed over time.<br />Watch the skit and answer the following questions!<br />Why is this story a narrative paradigm?<br />*********QUESTION ABOUT SKIT**********<br />
Five Assumptions of Walter Fisher<br />1. People are essentially storytellers.<br />2. We make decisions on the basis of good reasons, which vary depending on the communication situation, media, and genre.<br />3. History, Biography, culture, and character determine what we consider good reasons.<br />4. Narrative rationality is determined by the coherence and fidelity of our stories.<br />5. The world is a set of stories from which we choose, and thus constantly re-create, our lives.<br />
Narrative Rationality<br />Narrative Coherence: Does the Story Hang Together?<br />Deals with how probable the story sounds to the hearer.<br />Does the narrative hang together?<br />Do the people & events it portrays seem to be of one piece?<br />Are they part of an organic whole?<br />Do the characters act consistently?<br />When we are convinced the narrator hasn’t left out details, fudged the facts, or ignored plausible interpretations. <br />
Narrative Rationality Cont.<br />Narrative Fidelity: Does the Story Ring True & Humane<br />Quality of a story that causes the words to strike a responsive chord in the listener.<br />When a story squares with stories they might tell about themselves.<br />Provides good reasons to guide our future actions.<br />Opening ourselves up to the possibility that those values will influence our beliefs and actions.<br />
Vocabulary!!<br />Narrative Paradigm- a theoretical framework that views narrative as a basis of all human communication.<br />Narrative rationality- a way to evaluate the worth of stories based on the twin standards of narrative coherence and fidelity.<br />Narrative coherence-internal consistency with characters acting in a reliable fashion; the story holds together. <br />Narrative Fidelity- congruence between values embedded in a message and what listeners regard as truthful and humane; the story strikes a responsive chord.<br />
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