Cold War


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Cold War

  1. 1. Worlds Of History Chapter 26: The Cold War & The Third World
  2. 2. China, Vietnam, Cuba, and Afghanistan (1945-1989) <ul><li>Who made up the Third World? </li></ul><ul><li>Page: 982 “…leaders of some of these new states declared themselves “noncommitted” to communism or capitalism - they were members of a “Third World” caught between the first two.” </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the first two? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Document 1: The Global Cold War -Odd Arne Westad <ul><li>“The United States and the Soviet Union were driven to intervene in the Third World by the ideologies inherent in their politics.” pg. 983 </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>What were these ideologies ? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Document 1: The Global Cold War -Odd Arne Westad <ul><li>How were Cold War interventions in the Third World reminiscent of new imperialism during the late colonial era? </li></ul><ul><li>Pg. 984 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Document 1: The Global Cold War -Odd Arne Westad <ul><li>Page 985 describes the Cold War as a contest between two superpowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Pretend you are associated with the Third World. </li></ul><ul><li>What side would you identify with? What justifies your reasoning? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Document 1: The Global Cold War -Odd Arne Westad <ul><li>Page 987 </li></ul><ul><li>“There were two main reasons for the perpetuation of war…conviction among local elites that their aims were necessary and moral …change was not just possible but necessary … almost any price was reasonable for defeating hunger, disease, ignorance, and injustice.” </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree? Why or why not? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Document 2: X [George Kennan] The Sources of Soviet Conduct <ul><li>Pages 990-991 </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Kennan write with the pseudonym of X? </li></ul><ul><li>What was his proposed policy? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Kennan mean by offering up a tactic of “containment” and how was that plan executed? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Kennan mean when he wrote, “American policies are by no means limited to holding the line and hoping for the best.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Document 3: The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence Ho Chi Minh <ul><li>Page 993 </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the document begin by quoting the U.S. and French declarations? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was Ho Chi Minh looking for recognition from the US and other Western countries? </li></ul><ul><li>What is ironic about Ho Chi Minh being the author of this document? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Document 3: The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence Ho Chi Minh <ul><li>How does this document serve as a lesson in the use of Enlightenment ideals, and 19th century nationalism? </li></ul><ul><li>How does this lead up to the first Indo-China War? </li></ul><ul><li>The Vietnam War? (Second Indo-China War?) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Document 4: Report on CIA Operations in Vietnam (1954-1955) Edward Lansdale <ul><li>Why did Lansdale use quotations around “cold war” on page 997? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think the Americans wanted to keep France as far as possible from the mission process? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think that the psychological warfare campaign was playing dirty or a good strategy? </li></ul><ul><li>Page 1001 - The Chinese communists believed that &quot;people are the water and the army is the fish&quot; What does that mean??????????????? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Document 5: Nikita Khrushchev: “We Will Bury You” <ul><li>What is meant by “history is on our side?” Page 1004 </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe this document relates to Marx’s Communist Manifesto? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Document 5: Nikita Khrushchev: “We Will Bury You” <ul><li>Your own working class will bury you,&quot; is a reference to the Marxist saying, &quot;The proletariat is the undertaker of Capitalism&quot;, based on the concluding statement in Chapter 1 of the Communist Manifesto: &quot;What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable&quot;. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Document 6: Soviet Telegram on Cuba <ul><li>To what extreme did Kennedy intend to use “all necessary means” to “defend” the continent? Page 1008 </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the U.S. unsuccessful in Cuba? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Document 7: Imperialism & All Reactionaries Are Paper Tigers Mao Tse Tung <ul><li>What is a paper tiger? </li></ul><ul><li>Page 1012 </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree that it is the “task of the people of the whole world to put an end to the aggression and oppression perpetrated by imperialism, chiefly U.S. imperialism” </li></ul><ul><li>Page 1013 </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe capitalism will be overthrown? </li></ul><ul><li>Page 1014 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Document 8: Telephone Transcript: Soviet Premier and Afghan Prime Minister <ul><li>What is the situation they are discussing? Who is the enemy? p.1016 </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think the Afghan PM sounds desperate? Do you agree with the Soviet’s response? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you make of the claim to use Afghan clothing as a disguise? How does this relate to recent efforts to ban the wearing of the burka? p.1017 </li></ul>
  16. 16. The End of the Cold War… <ul><li>With the give and take of the world’s superpowers lingering ahead, it is difficult to ignore the footsteps of the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Has the United States learned anything from the Soviet Union’s occupation in Afghanistan? </li></ul><ul><li>“ The future is always beginning now” - Mark Strand </li></ul>