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Transcript

  • 1. GROUPTHINK
  • 2. What is it?
    ?
    ?
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  • 3. Basic Definition:How people work together to solve problems.
    GROUPTHINK
  • 4. This can either be:
    OR
    Positive
    Negative
  • 5. The Creator of Groupthink Janis Irving defined groupthink as, “A mode of thinking that people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive group, when the member’s strivings for unanimity override their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action.” 1972
  • 6. Irving defined groupthink negatively.
    Basically saying that when a group’s priority becomes reaching a consensus then they compromise valuable alternatives and ideas to solve a problem.
  • 7. However some subsequent research
    has shownpositive aspects of groupthink
    and how the sharing of ideas in an
    Ideal setting, improves discussion and
    problem solving with people building
    off of each others ideas and reacting
    to the conversation.
  • 8. Those researchers also
    taught how to create
    this ideal setting so any
    group discussion could
    yield positive results.
    VERY NICE!!!
  • 9. John Keltner 1957 believed that,“The ability to reason, to judge ideas, to sift out fact and opinion, to organize and to integrate ideas is critical to the [groupthink] process.”
  • 10. So who uses this research?
    Small Group Communication
    Applied Communication
    Mass Communication
    Groupthink
    Political Communication
    AND…
    Organizational Communication
  • 11. YOU!
  • 12. How, you ask?
  • 13. Since grade school, teachers have made you work in groups with classmate to solve problems.=GROUPTHINK
  • 14. use
    You mean EVERYONE can use it?
    EVERYONE
  • 15. Yes everyone can and has used it.
    (Think back to the dreaded group project last semester.)
  • 16. Speaking of that group project,
    how did you feel about it?
    Was it a positive or negative groupthink?
    Did the group discussion benefit everyone, or were there only a few people contributing? Could it have gone better?
  • 17. These are all good questions and a lot of them depend on who you get grouped with, however in order for thinking in groups to be constructive, every member (including yourself) must contribute to the conversation. Most importantly….
  • 18. KEEP AN OPEN MIND
    Then ideas can be shared and evaluated without bias, improving your groupthink.